Available Balance
If You Were Me, What Should You Do?
May 22, 2017
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If You Were Me, What Should You Do?
By erlymags ( @cely / @lovern )

This is about confession. I have helped three people got employment in the university where I am teaching, two females and one male. Except the other one for she is already a retired teacher in the public school, but the other two became regular teachers. They got an item last year, but none of them said thank you to me. In fact, one teacher is my second degree cousin, but it seems she does not anymore remember how I plead to the program head to hire her. How I like to say in front of her that she has thick face hahaha, maybe more than that. What makes me feel bitter about her is , she was wed last year and never had she invited me. What a shame on what she had done to me. What relieves me is the word of God that we are judge according to our deeds. The word deed inspires me, but you know, I am just human and sometimes I cannot avoid grinding my teeth hehehe.

If you were me, what should you do? Are you going to strike her? I am not a quarrelsome type that is why that relative is so lucky, if nit she will surely be kicked out in school. I hope she will have a better life after marriage. I just remember her but never will I treat her as my relative. I believe she would have a bad karma. I am nit cursing her, but that is the reality, in fact, it is written in the bible and even found in the aphorism of Confucius which stated that : “ Don’t do unto others what you don’t like others do unto you.” The other one I helped is my male friend. One day I met him along the road looking so desperate and depressed.

I have learned that he was removed from the school where he served for five years for some reasons only he knew. So, to make the story short, I brought him to our dean’s office and recommended him verbally; afterwhich, he was told to submit his credentials. The next day, he was hired, so instant; the reason is the dean likes me for I am so sincere and loyal to our head. Every time there is a contest by department, it is always me she recommends to represent a dance number whew, that was not too much for I also like to dance. Whatever dean likes me to do, I obey for it is very important to obey first before you complain, LOLS.

That friend became regular but never had he remembered me during important celebrations. There are many ingrate people in the world. All I can say is there is God that sees all our deeds. Somehow I told myself, I should have not helped them. I better helped some unknowns for they will surely remember me and show some acts of gratitude. The other one already 68 years old, but I told dean to hire her because her pension is not enough for her medicine maintenance medicine. She was hired and given up to this time 5 loads. Better this old lady, every birthday of mine; she always gives me a very nice birthday card. I told her not to anymore give but she insisted for she found some happiness doing it. There are indeed individual differences. I do not know what should you do if you were me.

Thank you for reading. I hope you have found some lessons on my experience.

Image by Pixabay

What did you know about volcano ???
May 22, 2017
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A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

Earth’s volcanoes occur because its crust is broken into 17 major, rigid tectonic plates that float on a hotter, softer layer in its mantle.[1] Therefore, on Earth, volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging, and most are found underwater. For example, a mid-oceanic ridge, such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, has volcanoes caused by divergent tectonic plates pulling apart; the Pacific Ring of Fire has volcanoes caused by convergent tectonic plates coming together. Volcanoes can also form where there is stretching and thinning of the crust’s interior plates[clarify], e.g., in the East African Rift and the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field and Rio Grande Rift in North America. This type of volcanism falls under the umbrella of “plate hypothesis” volcanism.[2] Volcanism away from plate boundaries has also been explained as mantle plumes. These so-called “hotspots”, for example Hawaii, are postulated to arise from upwelling diapirs with magma from the core–mantle boundary, 3,000 km deep in the Earth. Volcanoes are usually not created where two tectonic plates slide past one another.

Erupting volcanoes can pose many hazards, not only in the immediate vicinity of the eruption. One such hazard is that volcanic ash can be a threat to aircraft, in particular those with jet engines where ash particles can be melted by the high operating temperature; the melted particles then adhere to the turbine blades and alter their shape, disrupting the operation of the turbine. Large eruptions can affect temperature as ash and droplets of sulfuric acid obscure the sun and cool the Earth’s lower atmosphere (or troposphere); however, they also absorb heat radiated up from the Earth, thereby warming the upper atmosphere (or stratosphere). Historically, so-called volcanic winters have caused catastrophic famines.
The word volcano is derived from the name of Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn comes from Vulcan, the god of fire in Roman mythology.[3] The study of volcanoes is called volcanology, sometimes spelled vulcanology.
At the mid-oceanic ridges, two tectonic plates diverge from one another as new oceanic crust is formed by the cooling and solidifying of hot molten rock. Because the crust is very thin at these ridges due to the pull of the tectonic plates, the release of pressure leads to adiabatic expansion and the partial melting of the mantle, causing volcanism and creating new oceanic crust. Most divergent plate boundaries are at the bottom of the oceans; therefore, most volcanic activity is submarine, forming new seafloor. Black smokers (also known as deep sea vents) are evidence of this kind of volcanic activity. Where the mid-oceanic ridge is above sea-level, volcanic islands are formed, for example, Iceland
Subduction zones are places where two plates, usually an oceanic plate and a continental plate, collide. In this case, the oceanic plate subducts, or submerges under the continental plate forming a deep ocean trench just offshore. In a process called flux melting, water released from the subducting plate lowers the melting temperature of the overlying mantle wedge, creating magma. This magma tends to be very viscous due to its high silica content, so it often does not reach the surface but cools at depth. When it does reach the surface, a volcano is formed. Typical examples of this kind of volcano are Mount Etna and the volcanoes in the Pacific Ring of Fire.

“Hotspots”
Main article: Hotspot (geology)
“Hotspots” is the name given to volcanic areas believed to be formed by mantle plumes, which are hypothesized to be columns of hot material rising from the core-mantle boundary in a fixed space that causes large-volume melting. Because tectonic plates move across them, each volcano becomes dormant and is eventually re-formed as the plate advances over the postulated plume. The Hawaiian Islands have been suggested to have been formed in such a manner, as well as the Snake River Plain, with the Yellowstone Caldera being the part of the North American plate currently above the hot spot. This theory is currently under criticism, however.[2].
The most common perception of a volcano is of a conical mountain, spewing lava and poisonous gases from a crater at its summit; however, this describes just one of the many types of volcano. The features of volcanoes are much more complicated and their structure and behavior depends on a number of factors. Some volcanoes have rugged peaks formed by lava domes rather than a summit crater while others have landscape features such as massive plateaus. Vents that issue volcanic material (including lava and ash) and gases (mainly steam and magmatic gases) can develop anywhere on the landform and may give rise to smaller cones such as Puʻu ʻŌʻō on a flank of Hawaii’s Kīlauea. Other types of volcano include cryovolcanoes (or ice volcanoes), particularly on some moons of Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune; and mud volcanoes, which are formations often not associated with known magmatic activity. Active mud volcanoes tend to involve temperatures much lower than those of igneous volcanoes except when the mud volcano is actually a vent of an igneous volcano.

Fissure vents
Main article: Fissure vent
Volcanic fissure vents are flat, linear fractures through which lava emerges.

Shield volcanoes
Main article: Shield volcano
Shield volcanoes, so named for their broad, shield-like profiles, are formed by the eruption of low-viscosity lava that can flow a great distance from a vent. They generally do not explode catastrophically. Since low-viscosity magma is typically low in silica, shield volcanoes are more common in oceanic than continental settings. The Hawaiian volcanic chain is a series of shield cones, and they are common in Iceland, as well.

Lava domes
Main article: Lava dome
Lava domes are built by slow eruptions of highly viscous lava. They are sometimes formed within the crater of a previous volcanic eruption, as in the case of Mount Saint Helens, but can also form independently, as in the case of Lassen Peak. Like stratovolcanoes, they can produce violent, explosive eruptions, but their lava generally does not flow far from the originating vent.

Cryptodomes
Cryptodomes are formed when viscous lava is forced upward causing the surface to bulge. The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens was an example; lava beneath the surface of the mountain created an upward bulge which slid down the north side of the mountain.
Volcanic cones or cinder cones result from eruptions of mostly small pieces of scoria and pyroclastics (both resemble cinders, hence the name of this volcano type) that build up around the vent. These can be relatively short-lived eruptions that produce a cone-shaped hill perhaps 30 to 400 meters high. Most cinder cones erupt only once. Cinder cones may form as flank vents on larger volcanoes, or occur on their own. Parícutin in Mexico and Sunset Crater in Arizona are examples of cinder cones. In New Mexico, Caja del Rio is a volcanic field of over 60 cinder cones.

Based on satellite images it was suggested that cinder cones might occur on other terrestrial bodies in the Solar system too; on the surface of Mars and the Moon.[4][5][6][7]

Stratovolcanoes (composite volcanoes)
Cross-section through a stratovolcano (vertical scale is exaggerated):
Large magma chamber
Bedrock
Conduit (pipe)
Base
Sill
Dike
Layers of ash emitted by the volcano
Flank
Layers of lava emitted by the volcano
Throat
Parasitic cone
Lava flow
Vent
Crater
Ash cloud
Main article: Stratovolcano
Stratovolcanoes or composite volcanoes are tall conical mountains composed of lava flows and other ejecta in alternate layers, the strata that gives rise to the name. Stratovolcanoes are also known as composite volcanoes because they are created from multiple structures during different kinds of eruptions. Strato/composite volcanoes are made of cinders, ash, and lava. Cinders and ash pile on top of each other, lava flows on top of the ash, where it cools and hardens, and then the process repeats. Classic examples include Mount Fuji in Japan, Mayon Volcano in the Philippines, and Mount Vesuvius and Stromboli in Italy.

Throughout recorded history, ash produced by the explosive eruption of stratovolcanoes has posed the greatest volcanic hazard to civilizations. Not only do stratovolcanoes have greater pressure build up from the underlying lava flow than shield volcanoes, but their fissure vents and monogenetic volcanic fields (volcanic cones) have more powerful eruptions, as they are many times under extension. They are also steeper than shield volcanoes, with slopes of 30–35° compared to slopes of generally 5–10°, and their loose tephra are material for dangerous lahars.[8] Large pieces of tephra are called volcanic bombs. Big bombs can measure more than 4 feet(1.2 meters) across and weigh several tons.[9]
Volcanic cones or cinder cones result from eruptions of mostly small pieces of scoria and pyroclastics (both resemble cinders, hence the name of this volcano type) that build up around the vent. These can be relatively short-lived eruptions that produce a cone-shaped hill perhaps 30 to 400 meters high. Most cinder cones erupt only once. Cinder cones may form as flank vents on larger volcanoes, or occur on their own. Parícutin in Mexico and Sunset Crater in Arizona are examples of cinder cones. In New Mexico, Caja del Rio is a volcanic field of over 60 cinder cones.

Based on satellite images it was suggested that cinder cones might occur on other terrestrial bodies in the Solar system too; on the surface of Mars and the Moon.[4][5][6][7]

Stratovolcanoes (composite volcanoes)
Cross-section through a stratovolcano (vertical scale is exaggerated):
Large magma chamber
Bedrock
Conduit (pipe)
Base
Sill
Dike
Layers of ash emitted by the volcano
Flank
Layers of lava emitted by the volcano
Throat
Parasitic cone
Lava flow
Vent
Crater
Ash cloud
Main article: Stratovolcano
Stratovolcanoes or composite volcanoes are tall conical mountains composed of lava flows and other ejecta in alternate layers, the strata that gives rise to the name. Stratovolcanoes are also known as composite volcanoes because they are created from multiple structures during different kinds of eruptions. Strato/composite volcanoes are made of cinders, ash, and lava. Cinders and ash pile on top of each other, lava flows on top of the ash, where it cools and hardens, and then the process repeats. Classic examples include Mount Fuji in Japan, Mayon Volcano in the Philippines, and Mount Vesuvius and Stromboli in Italy.

Throughout recorded history, ash produced by the explosive eruption of stratovolcanoes has posed the greatest volcanic hazard to civilizations. Not only do stratovolcanoes have greater pressure build up from the underlying lava flow than shield volcanoes, but their fissure vents and monogenetic volcanic fields (volcanic cones) have more powerful eruptions, as they are many times under extension. They are also steeper than shield volcanoes, with slopes of 30–35° compared to slopes of generally 5–10°, and their loose tephra are material for dangerous lahars.[8] Large pieces of tephra are called volcanic bombs. Big bombs can measure more than 4 feet(1.2 meters) across and weigh several tons.
A supervolcano usually has a large caldera and can produce devastation on an enormous, sometimes continental, scale. Such volcanoes are able to severely cool global temperatures for many years after the eruption due to the huge volumes of sulfur and ash released into the atmosphere. They are the most dangerous type of volcano. Examples include: Yellowstone Caldera in Yellowstone National Park and Valles Caldera in New Mexico (both western United States); Lake Taupo in New Zealand; Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia; and Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania. Because of the enormous area they may cover, supervolcanoes are hard to identify centuries after an eruption. Similarly, large igneous provinces are also considered supervolcanoes because of the vast amount of basalt lava erupted (even though the lava flow is non-explosive).

Underwater volcanoes
Main article: Submarine volcano
See also: Subaqueous volcano
Submarine volcanoes are common features of the ocean floor. In shallow water, active volcanoes disclose their presence by blasting steam and rocky debris high above the ocean’s surface. In the ocean’s deep, the tremendous weight of the water above prevents the explosive release of steam and gases; however, they can be detected by hydrophones and discoloration of water because of volcanic gases. Pillow lava is a common eruptive product of submarine volcanoes and is characterized by thick sequences of discontinuous pillow-shaped masses which form under water. Even large submarine eruptions may not disturb the ocean surface due to the rapid cooling effect and increased buoyancy of water (as compared to air) which often causes volcanic vents to form steep pillars on the ocean floor. Hydrothermal vents are common near these volcanoes, and some support peculiar ecosystems based on dissolved minerals. Over time, the formations created by submarine volcanoes may become so large that they break the ocean surface as new islands or floating pumice rafts.

Subglacial volcanoes
Main article: Subglacial volcano
Subglacial volcanoes develop underneath icecaps. They are made up of flat lava which flows at the top of extensive pillow lavas and palagonite. When the icecap melts, the lava on top collapses, leaving a flat-topped mountain. These volcanoes are also called table mountains, tuyas, or (uncommonly) mobergs. Very good examples of this type of volcano can be seen in Iceland, however, there are also tuyas in British Columbia. The origin of the term comes from Tuya Butte, which is one of the several tuyas in the area of the Tuya River and Tuya Range in northern British Columbia. Tuya Butte was the first such landform analyzed and so its name has entered the geological literature for this kind of volcanic formation. The Tuya Mountains Provincial Park was recently established to protect this unusual landscape, which lies north of Tuya Lake and south of the Jennings River near the boundary with the Yukon Territory.

Mud volcanoes
Main article: Mud volcano
Mud volcanoes or mud domes are formations created by geo-excreted liquids and gases, although there are several processes which may cause such activity. The largest structures are 10 kilometers in diameter and reach 700 meters high.
Lava composition
Another way of classifying volcanoes is by the composition of material erupted (lava), since this affects the shape of the volcano. Lava can be broadly classified into four different compositions (Cas & Wright, 1987):

If the erupted magma contains a high percentage (>63%) of silica, the lava is called felsic.
Felsic lavas (dacites or rhyolites) tend to be highly viscous (not very fluid) and are erupted as domes or short, stubby flows. Viscous lavas tend to form stratovolcanoes or lava domes. Lassen Peak in California is an example of a volcano formed from felsic lava and is actually a large lava dome.
Because siliceous magmas are so viscous, they tend to trap volatiles (gases) that are present, which cause the magma to erupt catastrophically, eventually forming stratovolcanoes. Pyroclastic flows (ignimbrites) are highly hazardous products of such volcanoes, since they are composed of molten volcanic ash too heavy to go up into the atmosphere, so they hug the volcano’s slopes and travel far from their vents during large eruptions. Temperatures as high as 1,200 °C are known to occur in pyroclastic flows, which will incinerate everything flammable in their path and thick layers of hot pyroclastic flow deposits can be laid down, often up to many meters thick. Alaska’s Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, formed by the eruption of Novarupta near Katmai in 1912, is an example of a thick pyroclastic flow or ignimbrite deposit. Volcanic ash that is light enough to be erupted high into the Earth’s atmosphere may travel many kilometres before it falls back to ground as a tuff.
If the erupted magma contains 52–63% silica, the lava is of intermediate composition.
These “andesitic” volcanoes generally only occur above subduction zones (e.g. Mount Merapi in Indonesia).
Andesitic lava is typically formed at convergent boundary margins of tectonic plates, by several processes:
Hydration melting of peridotite and fractional crystallization
If the erupted magma contains 45% silica, the lava is called mafic (because it contains higher percentages of magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe)) or basaltic. These lavas are usually much less viscous than rhyolitic lavas, depending on their eruption temperature; they also tend to be hotter than felsic lavas. Mafic lavas occur in a wide range of settings:
At mid-ocean ridges, where two oceanic plates are pulling apart, basaltic lava erupts as pillows to fill the gap;
Shield volcanoes (e.g. the Hawaiian Islands, including Mauna Loa and Kilauea), on both oceanic and continental crust;
As continental flood basalts.
Some erupted magmas contain <=45% silica and produce ultramafic lava. Ultramafic flows, also known as komatiites, are very rare; indeed, very few have been erupted at the Earth's surface since the Proterozoic, when the planet's heat flow was higher. They are (or were) the hottest lavas, and probably more fluid than common mafic lavas.
Lava texture
Two types of lava are named according to the surface texture: ʻAʻa (pronounced [ˈʔaʔa]) and pāhoehoe ([paːˈho.eˈho.e]), both Hawaiian words. ʻAʻa is characterized by a rough, clinkery surface and is the typical texture of viscous lava flows. However, even basaltic or mafic flows can be erupted as ʻaʻa flows, particularly if the eruption rate is high and the slope is steep.

Pāhoehoe is characterized by its smooth and often ropey or wrinkly surface and is generally formed from more fluid lava flows. Usually, only mafic flows will erupt as pāhoehoe, since they often erupt at higher temperatures or have the proper chemical make-up to allow them to flow with greater fluidity.

It Hurts To say Goodbye
May 21, 2017
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It Hurts To Say Goodbye

By erlymags ( @cely/ @lovern )

No one can deny this feeling that saying goodbye because someone is leaving you is so hurting. Humans as we are, we cannot control this kind of emotion for this is part of our existence on earth. This also means that we are humans for we know how hurt is felt. Sometimes we want to say so unfair if someone leaves us though the leaving is temporary. One reason might be a transfer of work. It is not the leaving without coming back, the temporal leaving that almost breaks a heart. Despite there are many ways to contact the person because we have this time numerous means like Facebook, Twitter, Viber, Skype, Yahoo Messenger, but it cannot be avoided to feel some doubts. Sometimes we think that the person we love won’t anymore come back that his excuse is superficial no bearing at all. Our boss bade goodbye, had a farewell party because she was hired in Nebraska, and I personally felt my heart started to miss our boss; she was so kind and considerate. We felt the total loss of a nice boss and person.

In fact, even to a virtual friend met at a site, we also cannot avoid to feel the aching of our heart. I have so many virtual friends I met in different writing sites and after those sites shut down without clear reasons, virtual friends would eventually scatter anywhere as long as there is an opportunity to explore to have a passive income. This time, it is not enough to carry on your shoulder one job. Prices soar high and if there is no back -up income, it will be hard for a family to pay the bills and most especially of the family has many children, parents are obliged to work hard, if possible they do not sleep. There are so many overseas workers and they find it hard to be far from his family, but there is no choice for if will listen to his emotion, he is still alone solving the crises at home. Those parents who left their children sacrifice much the longing of their beloved children. Every now and then they are restless for they are thinking about the money sent for them if properly spent by the guardians. This time, we have to be very practical for we are now living in the world of survival. It is like elimination of the unfit and survival of the fittest. Sorry, I forgot the author of this. This was our lesson during college.

It really hurts to say goodbye when you mean to part your ways with your girlfriend-boyfriend. Yes, this kind of feeling is like killing the person. It must be remembered that the feeling is temporary after some days you can move on and gladly give yourself another chance to be happy in your own expected ways. It is also hurting to say goodbye to some friends here for they believed this site would soon shut down due to non-payment of the writers. Though some of them could still meet again somewhere, but the usual activities here will not be forgotten. Some has built a solid friendship. I do not know if this site can rise again. It really hurts to say goodbye and we cannot also avoid shedding some tears of losing some nice friends. They are virtual friends, but they are more than real friends. They can give awesome supports and suggestions. They are great. Let us hope Literacy Base will rise where it falls. My heart aces for this reality and I cannot avoid myself to cry. Goodbye nice friends and LB. May you won’t be shutting down. May you can resolve some conflicts so we will be happy again in this awesome and wonderful blogging site. I might be a sentimental one, but , yes, I am.Sick! To God be The Glory…

Image by Pixabay

Sometimes it’s Difficult to Tell Whether the Persons are Children or Adults
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With so many adults behaving like children these days it may be difficult to imagine any maturity coming from the individuals. Not everyone will mature properly. Some will display child-like behavior their entire lives. There’s a lot of children who behave more maturely than some adults. There is nothing wrong with having fun but there’s a lot of trouble making going on these days. The best thing to do is to just continue on with whatever is going on because sometimes there will be individuals who will use immaturity to try and gain attention.

No time for the immaturity. Keep the distance from the instigators. The ones who not only display immature behavior but also behave as if there is no brain activity going on. Isn’t there better things to do? Perhaps not. Some may engage in immature behavior because of boredom and then there are some who will do so because they’re competing. No matter what the reasons are. No person should become stressed over childish behavior. If some are unwilling to behave maturely then they’ll receive an” ignore.” That’s right!

Ever wonder why some people continuously cause trouble? Sometimes all that’s offered is a head shake. Yes indeed. The world is filled with jokers and all sorts of “personalities.” There is a choice to feed into the behavior or to keep going. Some may behave in such a manner because they’re trying to cause a disconnection. There can be many reasons why some choose to engage in destructive behavior. Of course the playtime will occur but some go way too far in their playfulness.

Not every individual which engages in immaturity behavior is doing so intentionally some can not control their actions due to some disorder. Not much can “be accomplished” if there is focus on the immature behaviors. The words will flow about from some could come from some underlying issues not dealt with. Not able to control what others will say or do but there are ways to control how we’ll react to such behaviors. In fact so many are seeking reactions.

Proceed no matter what occurs. If some want to behave like children then that’s their choice. The ones who try to be mature will go further. There is a time to have fun and then there are times when work must occur. There are so many environments riddled with a lot of the behaviors expressed here. A lot of the actions can cause a person who is trying to move further to be slowed down. “It’s best to just continue making progress” and avoid engaging in unstable environments. What some will try to do won’t work because they’re refusing to use the proper methods.

“I’m not Discouraged by Because I’m Headed Somewhere.” Still Blessed and Encouraged.”By: Tanikka Paulk

Image may contain: 1 person, sunglasses

 

 

Photo Belongs to Tanikka Paulk

Photo of the Purple Buildings Credit: Pixabay Free to use Even Commercially

 

 

Have you ever heard classless society???
May 20, 2017
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Classless society refers to a society in which no one is born into a social class. Such distinctions of wealth, income, education, culture, or social network might arise and would only be determined by individual experience and achievement in such a society.

Codere defines social class as a segment of the community, the members of which show a common social position in a hierarchical ranking.[1] Codere suggest that a true class-organized society is one in which the hierarchy of prestige and status is divisible into groups each with its own social, economic, attitudinal and cultural characteristics and each having differential degrees of power in community decision.[1] However class organised societies rarely follow this structure, suggesting that a classless society might be better.

Since determination of life outcome by birth class has proved historically difficult to avoid, advocates, such as anarchists, communists, etc. of a classless society propose various means to achieve and maintain it and attach varying degrees of importance to it as an end in their overall programs/philosophy.
The term classlessness has been used to describe different social phenomena.

In societies where classes have been abolished it is usually the result of a voluntary decision by the membership to form such a society, to abolish a pre-existing class structure in an existing society or to form a new one without any. This would include communes, of the modern period, such as various Utopian communities, the kibbutzim, etc. as well as revolutionary and political acts at the nation-state level such as the Paris Commune, Russian Revolution, etc. The abolition of social classes and the establishment of a classless society is the primary goal of communism, libertarian socialism and anarchism.

Classlessness also refers to the state of mind required in order to operate effectively as a social anthropologist. Anthropological training includes making assessments of and therefore becoming aware of one’s own class assumptions, so that these can be set aside from conclusions reached about other societies. This may be compared to ethnocentric biases or the “neutral axiology” required by Max Weber. Otherwise conclusions reached about studied societies will likely be coloured by the anthropologist’s own class values.

Classlessness can also refer to a society that has acquired pervasive and substantial social justice; where the economic upper class wields no special political power and poverty as experienced historically is virtually nonexistent as it can’t be achieved.

According to Beck, classlessness is achieved with class struggle,”It is the collective success with class struggle which institutionalizes individualization and dissolves the culture of classes, even under conditions of radicalizing inequalities.”[2] Essentially classlessness will exist when the inequalities and injustice out ranks societies idea of the need for social ranking and hierarchy.

Social classes in present day Edit
The state of social classes in society today is debated. If the actual development is taken by the discussion, then western society has moved passed classes to a classless society. This is reinforced by the statement from Becker and Hadjar, “The weakening of class identities is also postulated by Savage (2000, p.37), who assumes that although individuals may still refer to social class, class position no longer generates a deep sense of identity and belonging.”[3] However, society today has not completely abolished classes because distinctions not attributed to experience and success still exist.
In Marxist theory, tribal hunter-gatherer society, primitive communism, was classless. Everyone was equal in a basic sense as a member of the tribe and the different functional assignments of the primitive mode of production, howsoever rigid and stratified they might be, did not and could not, simply because of the numbers, produce a class society as such. With the transition to agriculture, the possibility to make a surplus product, i.e. to produce more than what is necessary to satisfy one’s immediate needs, developed in the course of development of the productive forces. According to Marxism, this also made it possible for a class society to develop, because the surplus product could be used to nourish a ruling class, which did not participate in production.
In Marxist theory, tribal hunter-gatherer society, primitive communism, was classless. Everyone was equal in a basic sense as a member of the tribe and the different functional assignments of the primitive mode of production, howsoever rigid and stratified they might be, did not and could not, simply because of the numbers, produce a class society as such. With the transition to agriculture, the possibility to make a surplus product, i.e. to produce more than what is necessary to satisfy one’s immediate needs, developed in the course of development of the productive forces. According to Marxism, this also made it possible for a class society to develop, because the surplus product could be used to nourish a ruling class, which did not participate in production.

The problem of underage biking
bike
What is the age when you learned to ride a bike? In the olden days, there were not many people who tend to ride a motorcycle before the age of 18. But nowadays, things have changed. The problem of underage biking has increased causing a major public nuisance and also a problem to their life. The main problem of children under the age of eighteen using bikes is that they drive rashly ending up in an accident taking away their life. What they see as a publicity stunt brings horror to the family. Also, the children using the bikes are not very much afraid of the police and even if they were caught by them they will easily bribe them and comes clean without a fine or a case. This careless act by the police department is only making things worse. But not all of them to be blamed. It is the misleading act of few which brings a bad name to the overall police department. Then whom is to be blamed? The parents who allow their children to take the bikes and allow them to ride before taking license are to be blamed. It is the carelessness of the parents allowing the children not properly making aware of the problems poses serious threats to their lives.
This is an issue to be taken seriously and create awareness as much as possible. Schools should take responsibility in making the children understand the problems that come in riding a motorcycle before the proper age. Also, the parents should be made understand the problems and this can be done by the government. Now recent studies show that the rules have been made strict such that if any children are caught then the bike is given to their parents in person and also they will have to pay a huge fine. The rules are made strict as this is a major problem among the students studying tenth and twelfth standard. These two phases are crucial and the mist important in their life and it is the duty of the parents and teachers to make them understand the importance of the things that are important.
Thanks for reading. Good luck.
The Term CONFUSION, Causes And What It Causes
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What is confusion? “to pour together;” “to mingle together;” “to confuse”) is the state of being bewildered or unclear in one’s mind about something.

 

The term “acute mental confusion” is often used interchangeably with

delirium ,in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and the

Medical Subject Headings publications to describe the pathology . These refer to the loss of orientation, or the ability to place oneself correctly in the world by time, location and personal identity. Mental confusion is sometimes accompanied by disordered

consciousness (the loss of linear thinking) and memory loss (the ability to correctly recall previous events or learn new material).

Let’s see if we can figure out what’s causing your confusion.

Confusion may result from drug side effects or from a relatively sudden brain dysfunction. Acute confusion is often called delirium (or “acute confusional state”),  although delirium often includes a much broader array of disorders than simple confusion. These disorders include the inability to focus attention; various impairments in awareness; and temporal or spatial dis-orientation. Mental confusion can result from chronic organic brain pathologies, such as dementia, as well.

Other

Alcoholism

Aluminium Toxicity

Anemia

Anxiety

Brain Damage

Brain Tumor

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Concussion

Dehydration

Encephalopathy

Depression

Fatigue

Fever

Brain Injury

Heat Stroke

Hypoglycemia

Hypothermia

Hypothyroidism

Jet Lag

Kidney Failure

Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

Lassa Fever

Lewy Body Dementia

Listeria

Lyme Disease

Meningitis

Postpartum Depression

Reye’s Syndrome

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)

Schizophrenia

Seizure (Epilepsy)

Shock (Medical)

Sick Building Syndrome

Sleep Apnea

Stroke

Yellow Fever

STDs in Men

Streptococcal Infections

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke)

Acute Porphyria

West Nile Virus[

Alcoholism= What Is Alcoholism?

Alcoholism is also known as alcohol dependence and alcohol use disorder. It occurs when you drink so much that your body eventually becomes dependent on or addicted to alcohol. When this happens, alcohol becomes the most important thing in your life.

People with alcohol dependence will continue to drink even when drinking causes negative consequences, like losing a job. They may know that their alcohol use negatively affects their lives, but it’s often not enough to make them stop drinking.

Some people may drink alcohol to the point that it causes problems, but they’re not physically dependent on alcohol. This is sometimes referred to as alcohol abuse.

CONCUSSION What is a concussion?

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). It can occur after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury that causes your head and brain to shake quickly back and forth. A concussion results in an altered mental state that may include becoming unconscious.

Anyone can become injured during a fall, car accident, or any other daily activity. If you participate in impact sports such as football or boxing, you have an increased risk of getting a concussion. Concussions are usually not life-threatening, but they can cause serious symptoms that require medical treatment.

A concussion is different from a contusion. A concussion specifically affects your brain, but contusions are bruises. Contusions can occur on your head, but they aren’t typically serious and tend to resolve within several days..

Description of Confusing Cause and Effect

Confusing Cause and Effect is a fallacy that has the following general form:

1. A and B regularly occur together.

2. Therefore A is the cause of B.

This fallacy requires that there is not, in fact, a common cause that actually causes both A and B.

This fallacy is committed when a person assumes that one event must cause another just because the events occur together. More formally, this fallacy involves drawing the conclusion that A is the cause of B simply because A and B are in regular conjunction (and there is not a common cause that is actually the cause of A and B). The mistake being made is that the causal conclusion is being drawn without adequate justification.

In some cases it will be evident that the fallacy is being committed. For example, a person might claim that an illness was caused by a person getting a fever. In this case, it would be quite clear that the fever was caused by illness and not the other way around. In other cases, the fallacy is not always evident. One factor that makes causal reasoning quite difficult is that it is not always evident what is the cause and what is the effect. For example, a problem child might be the cause of the parents being short tempered or the short temper of the parents might be the cause of the child being problematic. The difficulty is increased by the fact that some situations might involve feedback. For example, the parents’ temper might cause the child to become problematic and the child’s behavior could worsen the parents’ temper. In such cases it could be rather difficult to sort out what caused what in the first place.

In order to determine that the fallacy has been committed, it must be shown that the causal conclusion has not been adequately supported and that the person committing the fallacy has confused the actual cause with the effect. Showing that the fallacy has been committed will typically involve determining the actual cause and the actual effect. In some cases, as noted above, this can be quite easy. In other cases it will be difficult. In some cases, it might be almost impossible. Another thing that makes causal reasoning difficult is that people often have very different conceptions of cause and, in some cases, the issues are clouded by emotions and ideologies. For example, people often claim violence on TV and in movies must be censored because it causes people to like violence. Other people claim that there is violence on TV and in movies because people like violence. In this case, it is not obvious what the cause really is and the issue is clouded by the fact that emotions often run high on this issue.

While causal reasoning can be difficult, many errors can be avoided with due care and careful testing procedures. This is due to the fact that the fallacy arises because the conclusion is drawn without due care. One way to avoid the fallacy is to pay careful attention to the temporal sequence of events. Since (outside of Star Trek), effects do not generally precede their causes, if A occurs after B, then A cannot be the cause of B. However, these methods go beyond the scope of this program.

All causal fallacies involve an error in causal reasoning. However, this fallacy differs from the other causal fallacies in terms of the error in reasoning being made. In the case of a Post Hoc fallacy, the error is that a person is accepting that A is the cause of B simply because A occurs before B. In the case of the Fallacy of Ignoring a Common Cause A is taken to be the cause of B when there is, in fact, a third factor that is the cause of both A and B.

What truly inspires us passionately and greatness in life ?
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What truly inspires us passionately and greatness in life ?

Is your heart flawlessly solid? When you experience something in these circumstances?

The sentiment of our heart that cannot be hurt, however the misery did. Do whatever it takes not to surrender affection too effortlessly and feasibly, Arguably, a substantial number of individuals will love or connect to something beyond reasonable doubt. If conceivable best not to settle on a conclusion or decision on any inspiration and motivation, likewise, we certainly will lament a lifetime.

An irritating and awkward sentence or word that will effortlessly do incredible damage to the relationship of the one that once we adored and cherished. There is no single battle or conflict in our relationship that won’t damage us severely, yet most significantly, it is just only our wounded heart that declines to tolerate or persevere.

There is no one who won’t be irate, feeling is not an experience diversion or redirection, but its only our forgiveness heart that we ought to grasp most. Good destiny, by virtue of the heartfelt; genuine emotions, to be not to desert or betray.

In this world, if an individual who genuinely adores you, he would not mean to damage or hesitate to hurt you. On the off-chance that you are not remarkably essential in their souls, you can feel and notice it. The alleged flawless turn, there are others can not comprehend the profundity of evaluation.

On the voyage of life, there are numerous who are accompanying you along the way, be that as it may, there are just only a handful of individuals who are willingly and readily accompany you throughout your life.  Who is waiting silently. Who never leaves, who can always there and be for you. In this world, don’t anticipate that everybody will welcome us , you will not too easily encounter and experience a couple of people in your lifetime.

We simply demonstrate some thoughtfulness, there are so limited or few individuals will truly demonstrate their sensitivity and affectability of fondness and genuinely mind. Delineation , our warmth and feeling are delicate, yet we are magnificently well to envision and keep our inclination concealing in our heart and not open up to others.

Progressively reality, just when the notion will the hardest for us to be confined once we are enamored with love, when our acknowledgment of being adored by our loved ones , this is our weakest or the hardest minutes for us to choose what is essentially right or illogical solutions when we entangled with a relationship.

Once again, is your heart flawlessly solid? When you experience something in these circumstances?

job first or sancturay city first?
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Sanctuary cities a lot of towns today want to be a Sanctuary city but I say there is one problem I am not talking about the terrosit I am talking about before we bring in more people to our towns number one we need to bring in jobs that have livable income, two get our home less veteran off the street and every one else to. We need to find a way to get rid of the gangs that some towns have and rebuild the slums with out taking down historical buildings.
but today the cities want to bring in people and give the people jobs and a place to live even if they came in to the us as illegal aliens. I do welcome all people who come to the us thought the right channels. My grand folks had to sneak out of Russia in their time but they came to us through the right channels.what good is a sanctuary city if there no money for people to have jobs and place to live . I think it will bring more towns in to slum area. I say let fix up the towns get jobs, take the homeless off the street , Have some kind of nation medical for every one and then after all that is fix up then bring people in and make the city a sanctuary city. Yes I know it hard to tell who the bad people are and who are the good people.
I know some other countries have a pre screen which we can not do in US because it call race profiling or some thing like that .this is why we can not do it in the us . Yes there is some people in us who like to change the law so the us can do it. But if that happens other things can go wrong to.Just let you know I am not against sanctuary cities I just want to see jobs come to the town or city first. if every one works then there more money to spend and if more people come in and have a job then more money to spend. OK that it for this one.

What Are IGOROTS That Other People Are Criticizing For?
igorots

Have you experienced being criticized by other people because of your culture, the way you wear clothes, or your feature? Well, generally as an Igorot, we are being criticized for no reason or should I say we are criticized by illiterate individuals. In social media, there are many people who talked about us unknowingly what they are taking about.

Anyways, Igorot is one of the Filipino tribes located in the Northern part of Luzon particularly in the Cordillera. In addition, Cordillera is composed of 13 provinces. Igorots are subdivided into many dialects like Kankanaey, Ibaloi, Kalanguya, and others. Many Igorots have rosy cheeks especially women from Benguet. Going back to history the descendants of the first Igorots are Indonesians before the other foreign descendants like Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish. By the way, as to what I have read, some people are saying that Igorots are Aita’s. Well, actually we, Igorots are not Aita. Aita is another Filipino tribe and they have their own characteristics, way of clothing, and way of living. They have curly hair; they have dark skins, and are shorter. Although, Igorots who are living in the Province of Kalinga have light dark skin but they do not have curly hair, and they are tall.

Have you heard of the other people’s judgment about us, Igorots? They said that we have tails. Oh! Such an ignorant people who talked about us without even knowing if it is true or not? Actually, we never get hurt about that kind of criticism because it’s nonsense, instead, we laugh at those who are saying such words. We even feel pity for them for they are too ignorant and disrespectful. Actually, they base their judgment on our costume, particularly the men’s costume (we called it “BAHAG”).

They also said that Igorots are ignorant. Really? Do you think we are ignorant? First, I want to say that we are not what you think we are. Yes, some of our ancestors may not be educated because they focus in working at the farm. Yes, some of our great grandparents do not know how to read, but you know what? If you speak with them in English, they will definitely answer you fluently and without hesitation. Not being arrogant but I am proud that most of our parents are professionals because of the efforts of our grandparents. And also, most of today’s’ generation are all educated. Some people are also basing their criticism on how our parents wear clothes. Some of our parents probably do not wear trendy clothing. They prefer being the old fashion one or something that is not expensive but is comfortable to wear. However, do you know what? Behind those old fashion clothes of our parents, they can provide luxurious life to their children. If you can only observe most of the men here in our place even those farmers, they wear branded pants, t-shirt, and jackets like levis, jag, lee, and other known brand but they still don’t have to talk about how branded or how expensive their clothes are. Parents can give anything that their children needs, from shelter, to foods, to education, and even those material things. Some parents can even provide land to each of their children as their own property. The only thing is, we grow up not to be showy. Igorots grow up as humble people.

There are many things that I want to talk about who I am and where I came from but I will write it some other time. Though, my only point on my discussion above is that never criticize other people without knowing what is behind those ways of living, ways of wearing clothes, or their culture. Sometimes, what you see is just simply the opposite of it. Respect is very important if you want to live in a peaceful world.