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the important use of microscope
May 20, 2017

The importance of
Microscopes help the scientists to study the
microorganisms , the cells , the crystalline
structures and the molecular structures , They are
one of the most important diagnostic tools when
the doctors examine the tissue samples .
Microscopes has opened up a whole new
dimension in science , By using Microscopes
scientists were able to discover the existence of
the microorganisms , study the structure of cells ,
and see the smallest parts of plants , animals , and
fungi .
Electron microscopes help create the very tiny
electrical circuits found on Silicon microchips ,
Scanning microscopes are much more
sophisticated , and they have higher magnifications
than light-refracting microscopes .
Microscopes are used to diagnosis the illness in
the hospitals and the clinics all over the world ,
Microscopes magnify the blood samples , so , The
doctors can see the malaria parasites attacking the
red blood cells .
Microscopic examination confirms the laboratory
tests that may be positive for the disease ,
Technicians count the number of red blood cells
infected with malaria to give the doctors an idea of
how advanced the disease is in a patient .
Microscopes use the simple visible light refracting
lenses , Electrons , x-rays , and infrared rays ,
They are to detect the smaller and smaller
structures , Scanning electron microscopes are
able to resolve the viruses which are far smaller
than any cell , They enlarge the view of tiny viruses
, which allows scientists to develop the vaccines
and cures for infectious diseases in the humans
and the animals .
Scanning electron microscopes have the
magnifications up to several million times to view
the molecules , the viruses and the nano-particles ,
They use the corrective software to increase the
magnification and the resolution of images , The
computers help the nano-technologists use high-
powered electron microscopes to view the objects
only a few molecules thick .
Electron microscopes help prepare the small
surfaces for sectioning into small slices ,
Microscopes enlarge the images of silicon chips to
help the engineers create more efficient electronic
devices , When more circuits are fitted onto a
small chip , the computational power of silicon
microchips increases.
The optical or light microscopes are the most
commonly used and the oldest type of
Microscopes , Where the light is passed through
the machine and through the specimen being
viewed to magnify it , They use a specialized
camera to produce a film or even digital image ,
The stains are used on the glass slide to make the
cells or the structures more easily seen .
Electron microscopes use the beams of electrons
rather than the light to create an image , They are
used to visualize the objects such as the
microorganisms and the crystal structures which
are too small to be imaged with an optical
microscope .
Probe scanning microscopes are used to create
the images of objects that are rather flat , They use
a probe that scans the object’s surface and then
the software is used to render the results into a
viewable image .
The virtual microscopy uses the computer
technology to convert the images on the glass
slides into the electronic data that has a resolution
similar to that achieved with the use of an optical
microscope , This technique enables the electronic
transport and the storage of data from the slides
and also it allows the slides to be reviewed
remotely .
Microscopes are used in viewing the specimens
that are relatively very small in size , they are
used to view the cellular structures of organs ,
germs and bacteria , They play a very important
role in laboratory for the tissues and organisms
which are too small to be seen clearly with the
naked eye .
All branches of biology uses Microscopes
especially in Molecular Biology and Histology
( study of cells ) , Microscopes are the backbone of
studying biology , The biologists use it to view the
details that cannot be seen by the naked

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