Available Balance
history of Nigeria senate president
May 26, 2017
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Senator (Dr.) Abubakar Bukola Saraki, Senator
of Kwara Central, has experienced great
success in both the private sector and public
service of Nigeria.
Born on 19 December 1962, Senator Saraki
was educated in both Nigeria and the UK,
qualified and practiced as a medical doctor at
Rush Green Hospital in London. A young Dr.
Saraki decided to return to Nigeria in 1989
where he worked in the financial sector for
nearly a decade until he rose to the position of
Executive Director where he oversaw corporate
development and expansion programmes within
the financial industry.
In recognition of his experience and
professionalism, the Federal Government of
Nigeria appointed him as Special Assistant to
the President on Budget in 2000 where he was
responsible for preparing the 2000/2001
National Budget. Dr. Saraki equally initiated the
Fiscal Responsibility Bill and served on the
Economic Policy Co-ordination Committee,
where he was responsible for the formulation
and implementation of key economic policies
for Nigeria.
With a vision to translate his experiences into
progress and development for the people of his
home state, Dr. Saraki was called upon by his
people to contest for the position of Executive
Governor of Kwara State. He was elected and
sworn into office in 2003. Based on his
performances and achievements witnessed by
his people, and in demonstration of their
overwhelming support for him, the people of
Kwara State re-elected him in 2007 general
election for second term in office. As Governor,
Dr. Saraki garnered national and international
acclaim for his innovative approaches to
agriculture, health, education, fiscal policy and
environmental reforms. His spirit of team work
endeared him to his colleagues where he was
appointed as Chairman of the Nigeria
Governors Forum. In that capacity, he
championed a peer review mechanism among
the Governors of Nigerian states. He also used
the platform to create a harmonious working
relationship between the executive and the
legislative arm of government at the national
level. He was the first Nigerian Governor to be
awarded the National Honor of Commander of
the Order of the Niger (CON). As a man of the
people coupled with his level of achievements
in the political arena, he was conferred and
turbaned as a nobleman of high rank with a
traditional title of Turaki of Ilorin Emirate.
His transformational programs have been
praised and emulated within and outside
Nigeria, such as his community health
insurance scheme, environmental ‘Clean and
Green’ scheme, agricultural transformation by
turning Kwara State from a net importer to a
net exporter of food through the Zimbabwean
farmer’s project. Senator Saraki has worked
tirelessly to bring progress and greater
opportunity to Kwara State and the nation as a
whole.
In furtherance of his passion to serve the
people of Kwara State and in particular, Kwara
Central Senatorial District where he hails from.
Dr. Bukola Saraki was elected as a Senator in
2001 with overwhelming electoral votes. On his
assumption as a Senator of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria, he was appointed as the
Chairman, Senate Committee on Environment
and Ecology. His legislative interest also
includes the area of Health, Agriculture,
Education, National economy and
Environmental policy. Senator Saraki is also a
member of the Senate Committees on Capital
markets and Finance.
Out of his vision to ensure good governance,
Senator Saraki sponsored a motion on the floor
of the Senate on the need to end the fuel
subsidy regime in Nigeria which has been a
source of conduit pipe and wastages of national
resources. Amongst other motions and private
member bills, he has sponsored includes: the
National Oil Spill Detection and Response
Agency Amendment Bill 2012 which is aimed at
putting a halt to oil spills in the Niger Delta, the
Gas Flaring Prohibition Bill 2012, and a strong
supporter of the Climate Change Commission
Bill 2013.
As the Senate Committee Chairman on
Environment and Ecology, ubukola Abubakar “Bukola” Saraki (born
December 19, 1962) is a Nigerian politician who
has been President of the Senate of Nigeria
since 2015. Previously he was Governor of
Kwara State from 2003 to 2011. He was first
elected to the Senate in April 2011, representing
the Kwara Central senatorial district, and re-
elected in the March 2015 elections.
He is a current member of the All Progressives
Congress (APC) and previous member of the
People’s Democratic Party (PDP).
Early life and education
Abubakar Bukola Saraki was born on 19
December 1962 to the family of Olusola Saraki,
a senator (1979–1983) and a one time Senate
Leader of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and
his mother Florence Morenike Saraki. He
attended King’s College, Lagos , from 1973 to
1978, and Cheltenham College, Cheltenham ,
London from 1979 to 1981 for his High School
Certificate. He then studied at the London
Hospital Medical College of the University of
London from 1982 to 1987, when he obtained
his M.B.B.S (London).
Career
He worked as a medical officer at Rush Green
Hospital , Essex , from 1988 to 1989. He was a
director of Société Générale Bank (Nig) Ltd from
1990 to 2000. [1]
In 2000, President Olusegun Obasanjo
appointed Saraki as Special Assistant to the
President on Budget. [2] During his tenure,
Saraki initiated the Fiscal Responsibility Bill.
Saraki also served on the Economic Policy
Coordination Committee, where he was
responsible for the formulation and
implementation of several key economic
policies for Nigeria.
Governor of Kwara State
In 2003, he ran for the office of governor of
Kwara State on the platform of the People’s
Democratic Party (PDP) , and won. He was
sworn into office in May 2003. He ran again for
re-election in 2007 and won his second term.
As governor of Kwara, he led reforms in
agriculture, health, education, finance and
environment policy. One of his major
achievements was inviting displaced white
farmers from Zimbabwe to Kwara State and
offering them an opportunity to farm. This led
to the establishment of Shonga Farms
programme, which is now being replicated
across Nigeria. His charisma among his fellow
governors got him appointed chairman of the
Nigeria Governors Forum.
Power generation and electricity
Under Saraki, Kwara became the first state to
complete the Nigeria Independent Power
Project. In collaboration with the Power Holding
Company of Nigeria , Saraki re-energised the
Ganmo Power Station at Ilorin, and connected
over 375 rural communities to the national grid
through the development and installation of 725
transformers and 7 substations. [3] Kwara also
completed 4 electrification projects which meant
power became stable 18–22 hours a day. 90%
of people living in Kwara have access to
electricity, compared to a national average in
Nigeria of 30%. [4]
Primary health care
While in office, Saraki introduced new health
programmes, including a statewide campaign in
2008 to reduce maternal and child mortality
from malaria. This included distribution of
insecticide-treated nets and free malaria drugs
to pregnant mothers and to children under the
age of five. [5] A statewide programme of
hospital development was also implemented,
leading to the redevelopment of hospitals in
Afon , Patigi and Lafiagi. Other measures
included improved training and re-training for
medical staff; refurbishment of hospitals and
staff living quarters; and employment of
qualified medical doctors and other health
workers. Many of the primary care programmes
were sponsored by international agencies such
as WHO and UNICEF . [6]
Agriculture and farming
Saraki introduced agricultural policy reforms to
increase the commercial viability of farming, and
also the volume of exports to international
markets. The New Nigerian Farmers Initiative
was designed to improve the technical
capability of farmers and to ensure farmers had
a significant financial stake in new investment in
agriculture. The scheme utilised the under-used
agricultural expertise in the Zimba

welcoming of the most important month!!!!!
May 26, 2017
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The month of Ramadan holds a special place in
Islam and among Muslims because of two major
reasons:
Firstly, the book of eternal guidance the Holy
Quran was revealed upon Prophet Muhammad
(PBUH) in this month.
Secondly, the 30days of fasting in this month
lead to the glorious and auspicious occasion of Eid
ul Fitr for Muslims.
Observance:
The month is given great importance by Muslims
and Muslims in each part of the world welcome
and observe this month with all the reverence,
prestige and dedication it deserves. The mosques
are filled with people, the recitation of Quran takes
place and people become charitable. In this month
Muslims make special preparations to ask of
forgiveness from Allah Almighty and plead for His
blessings and mercy.Ramadan?
Find the dates for Ramadan 2014 in the multifaith
calendar
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic
calendar, when Muslims fast during daylight hours.
There are several reasons why Ramadan is
considered important:
The Qur’an was first revealed during this month
The gates of Heaven are open
The gates of Hell are closed and the devils are
chained up in Hell.
The Qur’an revealed
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the
Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs
for the guidance and the criterion (between right
and wrong)
[al-Baqarah 2:185]
The actual night that the Qur’an was revealed to
the Prophet Muhammad is called Lailat ul Qadr,
and to stand in prayer on this one night is said to
be better than a thousand months of worship.
Ramadan is often called ‘month of the Qur’an’
because of this, and Muslims attempt to recite as
much of the Qur’an as they can during the month.
Most mosques will recite one thirtieth of the Qur’an
each night during the Taraweeh prayers.
No one knows on which particular night the Qur’an
was first revealed, but it is said to be one of the
last ten nights of Ramadan.
The gates of Heaven are open and the gates of Hell
are closed
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“When Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are
opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the
devils are put in chains.”
(Agreed upon)
Muslims believe that their good actions bring a
greater reward during this month than at any other
time of year, because this month has been blessed
by Allah.
They also believe that it is easier to do good in
this month because the devils have been chained
in Hell, and so can’t tempt believers. This doesn’t
mean that Muslims will not behave badly, but that
any evil that they do comes from within
themselves, without additional encouragement from
Satan.
Almost all Muslims try to give up bad habits
during Ramadan, and some will try to become
better Muslims by praying more or reading the
Qur’an.
Muslims believe that this is one way that the
chaining up of the devils is manifested, since there
is no other reason for them to do so.
Top
Special practices
There are a number of special practices which are
only done during Ramadan.
Fasting the whole month long
Although Muslims fast during other times of the
year, Ramadan is the only time when fasting, or
sawm , is obligatory during the entire month for
every able Muslim.
Ramadan is intended to increase self-control in all
areas, including food, sleeping, sex and the use of
time.
Taraweeh Prayers
These are long night prayers, which are not
obligatory, but highly recommended.
Mosques are filled with worshippers who go to
attend these prayers, which usually last for one
and a half to two hours.
These prayers also give Muslims a chance to meet
at the mosque every day, and so they also help to
improve relationships in the Muslim community.
I’tikaf
I’tikaf refers to going into seclusion during the last
ten nights of Ramadan, in order to seek Lailat ul
Qadr by praying and reading the Qur’an. Some
people live in the mosque during this time for
serious reflection and worship. Others spend a few
hours at the mosque or home.
Top
The date of Ramadan
Find the dates for Ramadan 2014 in the multifaith
calendar
Confusion
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic
calendar and as with all months in the Islamic
calendar, its start is based on the sighting of the
new moon.
There can be confusion and disagreement over the
starting date of this month. Since the month is full
of blessings and marks the beginning of fasting, or
sawm , accuracy is very important.
Since Muslims live all over the world, but Islam
started in what is now known as Saudi Arabia, they
may not agree as to which country’s first moon
sighting marks the start of the month.
But although Muslims do often start and end
Ramadan on slightly different days, there is little
real ill.

What do you understand by human trafficking ????
May 24, 2017
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Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.[1][2] This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage,[3][4][5] or the extraction of organs or tissues,[6][7] including for surrogacy and ova removal.[8] Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim’s rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), forced labor alone (one component of human trafficking) generates an estimated $150 billion in profits per annum as of 2014.[9] In 2012, the I.L.O. estimated that 21 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery. Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor.[10]

Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of trans-national criminal organizations.[11]

Human trafficking is condemned as a violation of human rights by international conventions. In addition, human trafficking is subject to a directive in the European Union.
Although human trafficking can occur at local levels, it has transnational implications, as recognized by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to as the Trafficking Protocol or the Palermo Protocol), an international agreement under the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC) which entered into force on 25 December 2003. The protocol is one of three which supplement the CTOC.[13] The Trafficking Protocol is the first global, legally binding instrument on trafficking in over half a century, and the only one with an agreed-upon definition of trafficking in persons. One of its purposes is to facilitate international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting such trafficking. Another is to protect and assist human trafficking’s victims with full respect for their rights as established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Trafficking Protocol, which now has 169 parties,[14] defines human trafficking as:

(a) […] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal, manipulation or implantation of organs;

(b) The consent of a victim of trafficking in persons to the intended exploitation set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article shall be irrelevant where any of the means set forth in subparagraph (a) have been used;
(c) The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered “trafficking in persons” even if this does not involve any of the means set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article;
(d) “Child” shall mean any person under eighteen years of age.[15]

Revenue Edit
In 2014, the International Labour Organization estimated $150 billion in annual profit is generated from forced labor alone.[16]

The average cost of a human trafficking victim today is USD $90 whereas the average slave in 1800 America cost the equivalent to USD $40,000.
Human trafficking differs from people smuggling, which involves a person voluntarily requesting or hiring another individual to covertly transport them across an international border, usually because the smuggled person would be denied entry into a country by legal channels. Though illegal, there may be no deception or coercion involved. After entry into the country and arrival at their ultimate destination, the smuggled person is usually free to find their own way. According to the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), people smuggling is a violation of national immigration laws of the destination country, and does not require violations of the rights of the smuggled person. Human trafficking, on the other hand, is a crime against a person because of the violation of the victim’s rights through coercion and exploitation.[18] Unlike most cases of people smuggling, victims of human trafficking are not permitted to leave upon arrival at their destination.

While smuggling requires travel, trafficking does not. Trafficked people are held against their will through acts of coercion, and forced to work for or provide services to the trafficker or others. The work or services may include anything from bonded or forced labor to commercial sexual exploitation.[1][2] The arrangement may be structured as a work contract, but with no or low payment, or on terms which are highly exploitative. Sometimes the arrangement is structured as debt bondage, with the victim not being permitted or able to pay off the debt.

Bonded labor, or debt bondage, is probably the least known form of labor trafficking today, and yet it is the most widely used method of enslaving people. Victims become “bonded” when their labor, the labor they themselves hired and the tangible goods they bought are demanded as a means of repayment for a loan or service in which its terms and conditions have not been defined or in which the value of the victims’ services is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt. Generally, the value of their work is greater than the original sum of money “borrowed.”[19]

Forced labor is a situation in which victims are forced to work against their own will under the threat of violence or some other form of punishment; their freedom is restricted and a degree of ownership is exerted. Men are at risk of being trafficked for unskilled work, which globally generates 31 billion USD according to the International Labour Organization.[20] Forms of forced labor can include domestic servitude, agricultural labor, sweatshop factory labor, janitorial, food service and other service industry labor, and begging.[19] Some of the products that can be produced by forced labor are: clothing, cocoa, bricks, coffee, cotton, and gold.[21]

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), the single largest global provider of services to victims of trafficking, reports receiving an increasing number of cases in which victims were subjected to forced labor. A 2012 study observes that “… 2010 was particularly notable as the first year in which IOM assisted more victims of labor trafficking than those who had been trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation.”[22]

Child labour is a form of work that may be hazardous to the physical, mental, spiritual, moral, or social development of children and can interfere with their education. According to the International Labour Organization, the global number of children involved in child labor has fallen during the past decade – it has declined by one third, from 246 million in 2000 to 168 million children in 2012.[23] Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest incidence of child labour, while the largest numbers of child-workers are found in Asia and the Pacific.
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has further assisted many non-governmental organizations in their fight against human trafficking. The 2006 armed conflict in Lebanon, which saw 300,000 domestic workers from Sri Lanka, Ethiopia and the Philippines jobless and targets of traffickers, led to an emergency information campaign with NGO Caritas Migrant to raise human-trafficking awareness. Additionally, an April 2006 report, Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns, helped to identify 127 countries of origin, 98 transit countries and 137 destination countries for human trafficking. To date, it is the second most frequently downloaded UNODC report. Continuing into 2007, UNODC supported initiatives like the Community Vigilance project along the border between India and Nepal, as well as provided subsidy for NGO trafficking prevention campaigns in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.[25] Public service announcements have also proved useful for organizations combating human trafficking. In addition to many other endeavors, UNODC works to broadcast these announcements on local television and radio stations across the world. By providing regular access to information regarding human-trafficking, individuals are educated how to protect themselves and their families from being exploited.

The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) was conceived to promote the global fight on human trafficking, on the basis of international agreements reached at the UN. UN.GIFT was launched in March 2007 by UNODC with a grant made on behalf of the United Arab Emirates. It is managed in cooperation with the International Labour Organization (ILO); the International Organization for Migration (IOM); the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF); the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR); and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

Within UN.GIFT, UNODC launched a research exercise to gather primary data on national responses to trafficking in persons worldwide. This exercise resulted in the publication of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons in February 2009. The report gathers official information for 155 countries and territories in the areas of legal and institutional framework, criminal justice response and victim assistance services.[23] UN.GIFT works with all stakeholders — governments, business, academia, civil society and the media — to support each other’s work, create new partnerships, and develop effective tools to fight human trafficking.

The Global Initiative is based on a simple principle: human trafficking is a crime of such magnitude and atrocity that it cannot be dealt with successfully by any government alone. This global problem requires a global, multi-stakeholder strategy that builds on national efforts throughout the world. To pave the way for this strategy, stakeholders must coordinate efforts already underway, increase knowledge and awareness, provide technical assistance, promote effective rights-based responses, build capacity of state and non-state stakeholders, foster partnerships for joint action, and above all, ensure that everybody takes responsibility for this fight. By encouraging and facilitating cooperation and coordination, UN.GIFT aims to create synergies among the anti-trafficking activities of UN agencies, international organizations and other stakeholders to develop the most efficient and cost-effective tools and good practices.[26]

UN.GIFT aims to mobilize state and non-state actors to eradicate human trafficking by reducing both the vulnerability of potential victims and the demand for exploitation in all its forms, ensuring adequate protection and support to those who fall victim, and supporting the efficient prosecution of the criminals involved, while respecting the fundamental human rights of all persons. In carrying out its mission, UN.GIFT will increase the knowledge and awareness on human trafficking, promote effective rights-based responses, build capacity of state and non-state actors, and foster partnerships for joint action against human trafficking. For more information view the UN.GIFT Progress Report 2009.[26][27] UNODC efforts to motivate action launched the Blue Heart Campaign Against Human Trafficking on 6 March 2009,[28] which Mexico launched its own national version of in April 2010.[29][30] The campaign encourages people to show solidarity with human trafficking victims by wearing the blue heart, similar to how wearing the red ribbon promotes transnational HIV/AIDS awareness.[31] On 4 November 2010, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons to provide humanitarian, legal and financial aid to victims of human trafficking with the aim of increasing the number of those rescued and supported, and broadening the extent of assistance they receive.[32]

In December 2012, UNODC published the new edition of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.[33] The Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012 has revealed that 27 per cent of all victims of human trafficking officially detected globally between 2007 and 2010 are children, up 7 per cent from the period 2003 to 2006.

The Global Report recorded victims of 136 different nationalities detected in 118 countries between 2007 and 2010, during which period, 460 different flows were identified. Around half of all trafficking took place within the same region with 27 per cent occurring within national borders. One exception is the Middle East, where most detected victims are East and South Asians. Trafficking victims from East Asia have been detected in more than 60 countries, making them the most geographically dispersed group around the world. There are significant regional differences in the detected forms of exploitation. Countries in Africa and in Asia generally intercept more cases of trafficking for forced labour, while sexual exploitation is somewhat more frequently found in Europe and in the Americas. Additionally, trafficking for organ removal was detected in 16 countries around the world.The Report raises concerns about low conviction rates – 16 per cent of reporting countries did not record a single conviction for trafficking in persons between 2007 and 2010. As of November 2015, 169 countries have ratified the United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol, of which UNODC is the guardian.[14] Significant progress has been made in terms of legislation: as of 2012, 83 per cent of countries had a law criminalizing trafficking in persons in accordance with the Protocol.
In 2002, Derek Ellerman and Katherine Chon founded a non-government organization called Polaris Project to combat human trafficking. In 2007, Polaris instituted the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) where[35] callers can report tips and receive information on human trafficking.[36] Polaris’ website and hotline informs the public about where cases of suspected human trafficking have occurred within the United States. The website records calls on a map.[37]

In 2007, the U.S. Senate designated 11 January as a National Day of Human Trafficking Awareness in an effort to raise consciousness about this global, national and local issue.[38] In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, President Barack Obama proclaimed January as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.[39] Along with these initiatives libraries across the United States are beginning to contribute to human trafficking awareness. Slowly, libraries are turning into educational centers for those who are not aware of this issue. They are collaborating with other organizations to train staff members to spot human trafficking victims and find ways to help them.[40]

In 2014, DARPA funded the Memex program with the explicit goal of combating human trafficking via domain-specific search.[41] The advanced search capacity, including its ability to reach into the dark web has already allowed for prosecution of human trafficking cases.[42]

Because of its size and the access to its large airport, Atlanta, Georgia is known as the core of trafficking in the United States. A 2014 study by Urban Institute showed that some traffickers, or “pimps”, in Atlanta grossed over $32,000 in one week.[43]

Council of Europe Edit
On 3 May 2005, the Committee of Ministers adopted the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (CETS No. 197).[44] The Convention was opened for signature in Warsaw on 16 May 2005 on the occasion of the 3rd Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Council of Europe. On 24 October 2007, the Convention received its tenth ratification thereby triggering the process whereby it entered into force on 1 February 2008. As of May 2016, the Convention has been ratified by 46 states, with another one having signed but not yet ratified.[45]

While other international instruments already exist in this field, the Council of Europe Convention, the first European treaty in this field, is a comprehensive treaty focusing mainly on the protection of victims of trafficking and the safeguard of their rights. It also aims to prevent trafficking and to prosecute traffickers. In addition, the Convention provides for the setting up of an effective and independent monitoring mechanism capable of controlling the implementation of the obligations contained in the Convention.

The Convention is not restricted to Council of Europe member states; non-member states and the European Union also have the possibility of becoming Party to the Convention. In 2013 Belarus became the first non-Council of Europe member state to accede to the Convention.[46][47]

The Convention established a Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) which monitors the implementation of the Convention through country reports. As of 1 March 2013, GRETA has published 17 country reports.[48]

Complementary protection against sex trafficking of children is ensured through the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (signed in Lanzarote, 25 October 2007). The Convention entered into force on 1 July 2010.[49] As of May 2016, the Convention has been ratified by 41 states, with another 6 states having signed but not yet ratified.[50]

In addition, the European Court of Human Rights of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg has passed judgments concerning trafficking in human beings which violated obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights: Siliadin v. France,[51] judgment of 26 July 2005, and Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia,[52] judgment of 7 January 2010.

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Edit
Main article: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
In 2003, the OSCE established an anti-trafficking mechanism aimed at raising public awareness of the problem and building the political will within participating states to tackle it effectively.

The OSCE actions against human trafficking are coordinated by the Office of the Special Representative for Combating the Traffic of Human Beings.[53] In January 2010, Maria Grazia Giammarinaro became the OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. Dr. Giammarinaro (Italy) has been a judge at the Criminal Court of Rome since 1991. She served from 2006 until 2009 in the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Justice, Freedom and Security in Brussels, where she was responsible for work to combat human trafficking and sexual exploitation of children, as well as for penal aspects of illegal immigration within the unit dealing with the fight against organized crime. During this time, she co-ordinated the Group of Experts on Trafficking in Human Beings of the European Commission. From 2001 to 2006 she was a judge for preliminary investigation in the Criminal Court of Rome. Prior to that, from 1996 she was Head of the Legislative Office and Adviser to the Minister for Equal Opportunities. From 2006 to December 2009 the office was headed by Eva Biaudet, a former Member of Parliament and Minister of Health and Social Services in her native Finland.[citation needed]

The activities of the Office of the Special Representative range from training law enforcement agencies to tackle human trafficking to promoting policies aimed at rooting out corruption and organised crime. The Special Representative also visits countries and can, on their request, support the formation and implementation of their anti-trafficking policies. In other cases the Special Representative provides advice regarding implementation of the decisions on human trafficking, and assists governments, ministers and officials to achieve their stated goals of tackling human trafficking.[citation needed]
In India, the trafficking in persons for commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, forced marriages and domestic servitude is considered an organized crime. The Government of India applies the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013, active from 3 February 2013, as well as Section 370 and 370A IPC, which defines human trafficking and “provides stringent punishment for human trafficking; trafficking of children for exploitation in any form including physical exploitation; or any form of sexual exploitation, slavery, servitude or the forced removal of organs.” Additionally, a Regional Task Force implements the SAARC Convention on the prevention of Trafficking in Women and Children.[54]

Shri R.P.N.Singh, India’s Minister of State for Home Affairs, launched a government web portal, the Anti Human Trafficking Portal, on 20 February 2014. The official statement explained that the objective of the on-line resource is for the “sharing of information across all stakeholders, States/UTs[Union Territories] and civil society organizations for effective implementation of Anti Human Trafficking measures.”[54] The key aims of the portal are:

Aid in the tracking of cases with inter-state ramifications.
Provide comprehensive information on legislation, statistics, court judgements, United Nations Conventions, details of trafficked people and traffickers and rescue success stories.
Provide connection to “Trackchild”, the National Portal on Missing Children that is operational in many states.[54]
Also on 20 February, the Indian government announced the implementation of a Comprehensive Scheme that involves the establishment of Integrated Anti Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) in 335 vulnerable police districts throughout India, as well as capacity building that includes training for police, prosecutors and judiciary. As of the announcement, 225 Integrated AHTUs had been made operational, while 100 more AHTUs were proposed for the forthcoming financial year.[54]

The Anti-trafficking Policy Index Edit
The ‘3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index’ measures the effectiveness of government policies to fight human trafficking based on an evaluation of policy requirements prescribed by the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).[55]

The policy level is evaluated using a five-point scale, where a score of five indicates the best policy practice, while score 1 is the worst. This scale is used to analyze the main three anti-trafficking policy areas: (i) prosecuting (criminalizing) traffickers, (ii) protecting victims, and (iii) preventing the crime of human trafficking. Each sub-index of prosecution, protection and prevention is aggregated to the overall index with an unweighted sum, with the overall index ranging from a score of 3 (worst) to 15 (best). It is available for up to 177 countries over the 2000-2009 period (on an annual basis).

The outcome of the Index shows that anti-trafficking policy has overall improved over the 2000-2009 period. Improvement is most prevalent in the prosecution and prevention areas worldwide. An exception is protection policy,[56] which shows a modest deterioration in recent years.

In 2009 (the most recent year of the evaluation), seven countries demonstrate the highest possible performance in policies for all three dimensions (overall score 15). These countries are Germany, Australia, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Sweden and the US. The second best performing group (overall score 14) consists of France, Norway, South Korea, Croatia, Canada, Austria, Slovenia and Nigeria. The worst performing country in 2009 was North Korea, receiving the lowest score in all dimensions (overall score 3), followed by Somalia. For more information view the Human Trafficking Research and Measurement website.
In 2014, for the first time in history major leaders of many religions, Buddhist, Anglican, Catholic, and Orthodox Christian, Hindu, Jewish, and Muslim, met to sign a shared commitment against modern-day slavery; the declaration they signed calls for the elimination of slavery and human trafficking by the year 2020.[58] The signatories were: Pope Francis, Mātā Amṛtānandamayī (also known as Amma), Bhikkhuni Thich Nu Chân Không (representing Zen Master Thích Nhất Hạnh), Datuk K Sri Dhammaratana, Chief High Priest of Malaysia, Rabbi Abraham Skorka, Rabbi David Rosen, Abbas Abdalla Abbas Soliman, Undersecretary of State of Al Azhar Alsharif (representing Mohamed Ahmed El-Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al-Azhar), Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi, Sheikh Naziyah Razzaq Jaafar, Special advisor of Grand Ayatollah (representing Grand Ayatollah Sheikh Basheer Hussain al Najafi), Sheikh Omar Abboud, Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Metropolitan Emmanuel of France (representing Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew.)[58]

Anti-trafficking initiatives Edit
One of the organizations taking the most active part in the anti-trafficking is the United Nations. In early 2016 the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the United Nations held an interactive discussion entitled “Responding to Current Challenges in Trafficking in Human Beings”.[59]

One of the current efforts being done to combat human trafficking is an app called TraffickCam[60]. This app was created by the Exchange Initiative[61] and researchers at Washington University. TraffckCam was launched on June 20, 2016 and enables anyone to take photos of their hotel rooms, which then gets uploaded to a large database of hotel images. Since human trafficking victims are often found in hotel rooms for online advertisements, law enforcement and investigators can use these photos to help find and prosecute traffickers.[62]

Anti-trafficking awareness and fundraising campaigns constitute a significant portion of anti-trafficking initiatives.[63] The 24 Hour Race is one such initiative that focuses on increasing awareness among high school students in Asia.[64] The Blue Campaign is another anti-trafficking initiative that works with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to combat human trafficking and bring freedom to exploited victims.[65]

The Blue Campaign collaborates with law enforcement, government, non-governmental, and private organizations to end human trafficking and protect victims.

[66]

Vulnerable Groups Edit
Trafficking in Persons Report released in June of 2016 states that “refugees and migrants; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) individuals; religious minorities; people with disabilities; and those who are stateless” are the most at-risk for human trafficking. Governments best protect victims from being exploited when the needs of vulnerable populations are understood.

What do you know about humanity ??
May 23, 2017
0
TMPDOODLE1495530744193

Humanity: Hour I is the sixteenth studio album by German hard rock band Scorpions, which was released in Europe on 14 May 2007 and in the United States and Canada on 28 August 2007. Humanity: Hour 1 is a concept album based on a loose storyline by Desmond Child and futurist Liam Carl, which predicts a world torn apart by a civil war between humans and robots. This apocalyptic nightmare serves as a warning shot to all humanity, whose only hope of survival is to reclaim our humanity.

The album was produced by James Michael and Desmond Child, who also provide backing vocals. The song “Humanity” was performed for the first time by Scorpions on 24 March 2007 in Brussels, Belgium and released as the first single from the album.

Also of note is the band’s logo on the album’s cover: the text font is similar to their first two albums, as opposed to the band’s more famous logo. This marks only the third time in the band’s career (and the first time in 33 years) the less familiar font has been used. However, if one looks closely, their more familiar logo can be seen on the back of the neck of the gynoid.

The opening track “Hour I” has been used as the intro of the NHL’s Minnesota Wild since the 2007–08 season.
After Scorpions had finished the UK tour as special guest for Judas Priest, Rudolf Schenker revealed that band had started working on a live video album which would later become Unbreakable World Tour 2004: One Night in Vienna and also revealed that the band was planning to start working on a new album in late 2005.[1] In an interview for the Malay Mail in May 2006, Schenker confirmed that the band was working on a new album which would have been hopefully released in late 2006 or early 2007. Describing the upcoming album, Schenker said: “For now, I can only tell you that it’s going to pick up where Unbreakable left off. It will have superb power ballads and hard-rocking songs playable on commercial radio. I guess you can say that the new Scorpions album is going to sound fresh and rocking. Also one more thing, it’s going to be a great album and not an album with one or two great songs”.[2] Originally, the band had in mind to choose Dieter Dierks as album producer, but it did not work out because of a disagreement on the contract. After the planned collaboration with Dierks did not happen, Scorpions had in mind to produce album by themselves at Rudolf Schenker’s Scorpio Sound Studio, but were afraid that their efforts might not be good enough. Schenker said: “We knew we wanted to make a special record. We wanted to make sure that this album was going to be a masterpiece. When we do an album these days it has to be something special. If we only did it to make the fans happy – that’s one thing – but you also have to make yourself happy.”[3]

Scorpions had been working intensively on the songs during the concerts in 2006 and invited several producers to come over to Germany for an interview (one of them was Roy Thomas Baker), but band members weren’t really pleased with what producers had to offer, so in the end band decided to choose Desmond Child and James Michael as the producers of the new album. James Michael worked on the production of guitars, drums and bass.[4][5][6] In October 2006, Scorpions band members went to Los Angeles to start recording the new material and during the next month and a half they worked on recording the basic tracks for the album.[7][8] The band arrived there with 30 songs already written and soon after they began a second songwriting process. In the end of the second songwriting process, band had around 20 songs and many of those songs had a tone “too dark” from the lyrical standpoint, so band choose to eliminate many of the “darker” songs from the album and put in more optimistic songs. Among those songs are “The Game of Life” and “You’re Lovin’ Me to Death”. In order to make those songs fit the concept of the album, songwriting teams had to rewrite the lyrics and the choruses on those songs.[6][9] During the first couple of weeks, the band was working together in a rehearsal space, every day for eight hours. After the rehearsals, they started to arrange and record in different studios in the Los Angeles area. Guitars were recorded in one studio with James Michael, while Klaus Meine’s vocals were recorded with Desmond in another studio. Child also hired a vocal coach for Meine, to perform about an hour of vocal warm-up before the recording sessions. Matthias Jabs explained: “Vocal cords are like muscles and you need to warm them up. Desmond was a visionary guy and knew if the vocalist is in good form, then he’ll get what he wants from them”. In the period between October 2006 and February 2007, band managed to record thirteen songs, of which twelve managed to make the album. Among the remaining 37 songs, several were recorded only as a demos.
Among those 37 songs one was co-written by Meine with Michael Nord Andersson and Martin Hansen. Child liked that song, but he did not like the lyrics, so he and Meine rewrote the lyrical part and the song became “The Game of Life”.

After recording process was completed, the band immediately started the promotional tour. Since the album in that period was not mixed yet, the band had to collaborate with Desmond Child over the Internet in the mixing process. To do that, they had to download the whole album, get appropriate speaker system and later send comments to Child via Internet
Humanity: Hour I is a concept album based on a loose storyline by Desmond Child and futurist Liam Carl, which predicts a world torn apart by a civil war between humans and robots.[10] It’s a concept album where songs are connected under the global theme of humanity.[11]

Speaking of the album sound, frontman Klaus Meine said: “We wanted to make an album that was up to date, with a more modern sound to it without losing the Scorpion signature and I think it’s still there. A lot of people feel it’s a very good connection between the typical Scorpions sound but in a new way. It wasn’t so much that we were trying to experiment; we still wanted a Scorpions record but not so much a classic rock album like going back to the old days, the 80’s. We really wanted a record that would sound like 2007”.[12] Guitars on songs on this album are in drop D, drop C and drop C sharp tunnings and those tunings were chosen depending on the Meine’s vocal ranges on the songs. Matthias Jabs explained: “Sometimes if you play the guitar riff dropped to a D, it will not only sound different but play different. But what ever was the best for the vocals is how we proceeded. It is no point in recording something if it is too stressful for the singer to sing properly”.
The album title and artwork were first released through the official French Scorpions fan club Crazyscorps in February 2007.[13] The album artwork is featuring a human robot with the Scorpions logo on the back of its neck.[4] However, after nearly two months since the fan club released the artwork on its website, they received information from the webmaster of the official Scorpions website about the illegal leak of that material and that the band disclaimed Crazyscorps for posting the artwork without authorization. The fan club website was closed soon after.

The album was released in May 2007 in Europe and in August 2007 in North America. Delay of the album release in North America happened because the band had changed their US management and also because Desmond Child was afraid of the album leaking on the Internet.
Humanity: Hour I generally received very good reviews. Dan Marsicano from 411mania.com wrote that the “album really shows the band on fire and as powerful as they were 35 years ago”.[15] Chad Bowar from About.com stated that “Humanity Hour 1 proves that even though Scorpions have been around for a long time, their creative juices, excellent songwriting and musicianship are fully intact”.[16] Thom Jurek from AllMusic wrote that the album “deserved an American issue, since radio needs the Scorpions more than the Scorpions need radio at this point”.[17] For Don Kaye of Blabbermouth.net “it’s quite easy to say that Humanity – Hour 1 is probably the best Scorpions album since 1990’s Crazy World and that “Scorpions recovered their sting”.[19] The Metal Storm review remarks how Humanity – Hour 1 “has a distinct sound that sets it aside from the rest. Hard-rock yes, but with a slightly different radio vibe that might not please the die-hard fans”.[21] Grigoris Chronis from Metal Temple concluded his review saying that Scorpions “have still enough to say and to give to the world of music”.[22] RockReport review added that “this is the first album that bridges the old and the new Scorpions the way it should have been done, thanks to Desmond Child who showed the band the right direction”.[24]

The album also received some negative critics. Ben McViker from Daily Vault rated album with C- stating that “it sounds more like an album written by two architects of latter-day Aerosmith, with the Scorpions performing the music”.[18] Andrew Blackie of PopMatters also rated the album poorly and stated that “if Humanity is an unremarkable album in itself, complete with a frankly laughable social slant, the band sound more confident stuck to their hammy hard-rock than anywhere else”.

What do you know about humanity ??
May 23, 2017
0
TMPDOODLE1495530744193

Humanity: Hour I is the sixteenth studio album by German hard rock band Scorpions, which was released in Europe on 14 May 2007 and in the United States and Canada on 28 August 2007. Humanity: Hour 1 is a concept album based on a loose storyline by Desmond Child and futurist Liam Carl, which predicts a world torn apart by a civil war between humans and robots. This apocalyptic nightmare serves as a warning shot to all humanity, whose only hope of survival is to reclaim our humanity.

The album was produced by James Michael and Desmond Child, who also provide backing vocals. The song “Humanity” was performed for the first time by Scorpions on 24 March 2007 in Brussels, Belgium and released as the first single from the album.

Also of note is the band’s logo on the album’s cover: the text font is similar to their first two albums, as opposed to the band’s more famous logo. This marks only the third time in the band’s career (and the first time in 33 years) the less familiar font has been used. However, if one looks closely, their more familiar logo can be seen on the back of the neck of the gynoid.

The opening track “Hour I” has been used as the intro of the NHL’s Minnesota Wild since the 2007–08 season.
After Scorpions had finished the UK tour as special guest for Judas Priest, Rudolf Schenker revealed that band had started working on a live video album which would later become Unbreakable World Tour 2004: One Night in Vienna and also revealed that the band was planning to start working on a new album in late 2005.[1] In an interview for the Malay Mail in May 2006, Schenker confirmed that the band was working on a new album which would have been hopefully released in late 2006 or early 2007. Describing the upcoming album, Schenker said: “For now, I can only tell you that it’s going to pick up where Unbreakable left off. It will have superb power ballads and hard-rocking songs playable on commercial radio. I guess you can say that the new Scorpions album is going to sound fresh and rocking. Also one more thing, it’s going to be a great album and not an album with one or two great songs”.[2] Originally, the band had in mind to choose Dieter Dierks as album producer, but it did not work out because of a disagreement on the contract. After the planned collaboration with Dierks did not happen, Scorpions had in mind to produce album by themselves at Rudolf Schenker’s Scorpio Sound Studio, but were afraid that their efforts might not be good enough. Schenker said: “We knew we wanted to make a special record. We wanted to make sure that this album was going to be a masterpiece. When we do an album these days it has to be something special. If we only did it to make the fans happy – that’s one thing – but you also have to make yourself happy.”[3]

Scorpions had been working intensively on the songs during the concerts in 2006 and invited several producers to come over to Germany for an interview (one of them was Roy Thomas Baker), but band members weren’t really pleased with what producers had to offer, so in the end band decided to choose Desmond Child and James Michael as the producers of the new album. James Michael worked on the production of guitars, drums and bass.[4][5][6] In October 2006, Scorpions band members went to Los Angeles to start recording the new material and during the next month and a half they worked on recording the basic tracks for the album.[7][8] The band arrived there with 30 songs already written and soon after they began a second songwriting process. In the end of the second songwriting process, band had around 20 songs and many of those songs had a tone “too dark” from the lyrical standpoint, so band choose to eliminate many of the “darker” songs from the album and put in more optimistic songs. Among those songs are “The Game of Life” and “You’re Lovin’ Me to Death”. In order to make those songs fit the concept of the album, songwriting teams had to rewrite the lyrics and the choruses on those songs.[6][9] During the first couple of weeks, the band was working together in a rehearsal space, every day for eight hours. After the rehearsals, they started to arrange and record in different studios in the Los Angeles area. Guitars were recorded in one studio with James Michael, while Klaus Meine’s vocals were recorded with Desmond in another studio. Child also hired a vocal coach for Meine, to perform about an hour of vocal warm-up before the recording sessions. Matthias Jabs explained: “Vocal cords are like muscles and you need to warm them up. Desmond was a visionary guy and knew if the vocalist is in good form, then he’ll get what he wants from them”. In the period between October 2006 and February 2007, band managed to record thirteen songs, of which twelve managed to make the album. Among the remaining 37 songs, several were recorded only as a demos.
Among those 37 songs one was co-written by Meine with Michael Nord Andersson and Martin Hansen. Child liked that song, but he did not like the lyrics, so he and Meine rewrote the lyrical part and the song became “The Game of Life”.

After recording process was completed, the band immediately started the promotional tour. Since the album in that period was not mixed yet, the band had to collaborate with Desmond Child over the Internet in the mixing process. To do that, they had to download the whole album, get appropriate speaker system and later send comments to Child via Internet
Humanity: Hour I is a concept album based on a loose storyline by Desmond Child and futurist Liam Carl, which predicts a world torn apart by a civil war between humans and robots.[10] It’s a concept album where songs are connected under the global theme of humanity.[11]

Speaking of the album sound, frontman Klaus Meine said: “We wanted to make an album that was up to date, with a more modern sound to it without losing the Scorpion signature and I think it’s still there. A lot of people feel it’s a very good connection between the typical Scorpions sound but in a new way. It wasn’t so much that we were trying to experiment; we still wanted a Scorpions record but not so much a classic rock album like going back to the old days, the 80’s. We really wanted a record that would sound like 2007”.[12] Guitars on songs on this album are in drop D, drop C and drop C sharp tunnings and those tunings were chosen depending on the Meine’s vocal ranges on the songs. Matthias Jabs explained: “Sometimes if you play the guitar riff dropped to a D, it will not only sound different but play different. But what ever was the best for the vocals is how we proceeded. It is no point in recording something if it is too stressful for the singer to sing properly”.
The album title and artwork were first released through the official French Scorpions fan club Crazyscorps in February 2007.[13] The album artwork is featuring a human robot with the Scorpions logo on the back of its neck.[4] However, after nearly two months since the fan club released the artwork on its website, they received information from the webmaster of the official Scorpions website about the illegal leak of that material and that the band disclaimed Crazyscorps for posting the artwork without authorization. The fan club website was closed soon after.

The album was released in May 2007 in Europe and in August 2007 in North America. Delay of the album release in North America happened because the band had changed their US management and also because Desmond Child was afraid of the album leaking on the Internet.
Humanity: Hour I generally received very good reviews. Dan Marsicano from 411mania.com wrote that the “album really shows the band on fire and as powerful as they were 35 years ago”.[15] Chad Bowar from About.com stated that “Humanity Hour 1 proves that even though Scorpions have been around for a long time, their creative juices, excellent songwriting and musicianship are fully intact”.[16] Thom Jurek from AllMusic wrote that the album “deserved an American issue, since radio needs the Scorpions more than the Scorpions need radio at this point”.[17] For Don Kaye of Blabbermouth.net “it’s quite easy to say that Humanity – Hour 1 is probably the best Scorpions album since 1990’s Crazy World and that “Scorpions recovered their sting”.[19] The Metal Storm review remarks how Humanity – Hour 1 “has a distinct sound that sets it aside from the rest. Hard-rock yes, but with a slightly different radio vibe that might not please the die-hard fans”.[21] Grigoris Chronis from Metal Temple concluded his review saying that Scorpions “have still enough to say and to give to the world of music”.[22] RockReport review added that “this is the first album that bridges the old and the new Scorpions the way it should have been done, thanks to Desmond Child who showed the band the right direction”.[24]

The album also received some negative critics. Ben McViker from Daily Vault rated album with C- stating that “it sounds more like an album written by two architects of latter-day Aerosmith, with the Scorpions performing the music”.[18] Andrew Blackie of PopMatters also rated the album poorly and stated that “if Humanity is an unremarkable album in itself, complete with a frankly laughable social slant, the band sound more confident stuck to their hammy hard-rock than anywhere else”.

Operation Whitewaters: The Wrath of the Unknown Enemy – XIX
f-15-2243038_1920

Disclaimer: This is a pure work of fiction and any resemblance to any events or characters is purely coincidental.
Any Indian Military designations used are also imaginary and may or many not exist in real life.

Continued from : Operation Whitewaters: The Wrath of the Unknown Enemy – XVIII

Getting hold of the Big crocodile
___________________________________

It wasn’t as if Tamzer had not faced adversity before. However, he knew that the tide of the battle had been turned against them. He had to decide whether to ask for the mission to be aborted. That decision would come with a lot of personal image loss. Yet he just had 6 planes remaining, with others either damaged, or lost to enemy.
The loss of Ronh was the worst.
Yet if he remained and fought with courage, there was no guarantee if anyone would survive.
He had to decide fast, and fast enough.

XN12 to XN27: “Sir, 10 planes approaching us- engage or change course?”
“Change course for now, affirm: change course for now.”
Tamzer too turned North-West to avoid engaging the incoming planes.
However, he had to decide fast enough.
Suddenly he felt a jerk from the left side. It looked like a sudden air turbulence.
He tried to steer slightly towards the right side. However, he felt a jerk on the right side too.
For a few minutes, he could not make out what had happened.
However, after a few minutes what he saw shocked him.
He was escorted by 3 planes- bigger in size than his Eagles. Such a thing was rarely done and he did not expect his enemies to do such an arrangement.
The three planes had affixed like Nuts and bolts to his planes and were taking him downwards to the base.

A few minutes earlier, at the Colt III base,
Captain Ranbir asked Area commander Vikram Singh “How do we tame the crocodile of the pack. We ought to get him alive.”
To this Commander Vikram Singh said “Look, we can unleash our Turbines.”
He then started playing a video on his laptop “Watch.”
Captain Ranbir watched a simulation of how first a group of two aircraft carrier planes and then three and then four surrounded a fighter plane, and then glued on to the surface of that fighter plane using some kind of fasteners, and then escorted the plane down to the ground.
“Amazing Commander Vikram.”
“Yes Ranbir and we have named these as our Turbines- well I was a Mechanical Engineer student and had a fascination with turbines. So I kept there name as Turbines. Moreover, nobody will suspect Turbines to fly so high and capture a fighter plane!
And we are going to unleash these to get hold of the crocodile.”

It was early winter morning when Tamzer’s plane was bought down to the base- the chill was in full blow at 6:30 in the morning at Colt III, as the battle was taking a new turn…….
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx The Operation Whitewaters moves forward xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Image : From Pixabay – no attribution required

Life history of Nigerian president,Muhammadu Buhari
May 20, 2017
0
TMPDOODLE1495233077544

Muhammadu Buhari was born on December 17,
1942, in Daura, Katsina State, to his father Adamu
and his mother, Zulaihat. He’s the twenty-third
child of his father. Buhari was raised by his mom,
after his father died.
General Muhammadu Buhari is one of the most
notorious figures in Nigeria because of his past.
Even though he is most widely recognized for
being Head of State of Nigeria between 1983 and
1985, this has been long ago and since then he
has changed significantly.
Now General Mohammed Buhari is a new man that
ran for president once again. However, unlike the
last times when his efforts proved to be generally
unsuccessful, this time Muhammadu Buhari finally
managed to achieve his dream and be elected as a
president of Nigeria through a public vote.
According to the schedule, he will take office on
the 29th of May 2015. This is the first time since
Nigeria gained independence in 1960 that an
incumbent elected government will peacefully
transfer its power to an elected member of the
opposition. This just shows how much the times
have changed for the country and for this person.
The 29th of May will truly be a historical date for
Nigeria that one day might even be celebrated as a
national holiday. Nobody knows what the future
holds for this man and the whole country.
If you are interested in this intriguing person that isvision, April 1967 to July 1967.
Northern counter-coup of 28 July
1966
In July 1966 Lieutenant Muhammadu Buhari
was one of the participants in the “July
Rematch” or so called “Counter-Coup” , led by
Lt-Col Murtala Muhammed , that overthrew and
assassinated Nigeria’s first self-appointed
military Head of State General Aguiyi Ironsi , who
had assumed leadership of the Nigerian
government after a failed coup attempt on 15
January 1966 , which overthrew the elected
parliamentary government of Nigeria (also
known as first republic). Other participants in
the coup on 28 July 1966 included 2nd
Lieutenant Sani Abacha, Lieutenant Ibrahim
Babangida, Major Theophilus Danjuma ,
Lieutenant Ibrahim Bako among others. The
coup was a reaction to the January coup where
a group of mostly Igbo officers led by Major
Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu overthrew the
democratically elected government of Prime
Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa . Many
Northern soldiers were aggrieved by the murder
of senior politicians, Prime Minister Abubakar
Tafawa Balewa , northern regional premier,
Ahmadu Bello, and four senior officers from
northern Nigeria: Brigadier Zakariya Maimalari,
Colonel Kur Mohammed, Lt-Cols Abogo
Largema and James Pam. [16] The counter-
coup was very bloody leading to the murder of
mostly Igbo officers. Among the casualties were
the first military head of state General Aguiyi
Ironsi and Lt Colonel Adekunle Fajuyi , the
military governor of the Western Region.
Civil war
Buhari was assigned to the 1st Division under
the command of Lt. Col Mohammed Shuwa , [17]
the division had temporarily moved from
Kaduna to Makurdi at the onset of the Nigerian
Civil War . The 1st division was divided into
sectors and then battalions [18] with Shuwa
assisted by sector commanders Martin Adamu
and Sule Apollo who was later replaced by
Theophilus Danjuma . Buhari’s initial assignment
was as Adjutant and Company Commander 2
battalion unit, Second Sector Infantry of the 1st
Division. The 2 battalion was one of the units
that participated in the first actions of the war,
they started from Gakem near Afikpo and moved
towards Ogoja with support from Gado Nasko’s
artillery squad. [19] They reached and captured
Ogoja within a week with the intention of
advancing through the flanks to Enugu, the rebel
capital. [20] Buhari was briefly the 2 battalion’s
Commander and led the battalion to Afikpo to
link with the 3rd Marine Commando and
advance towards Enugu through Nkalagu and
Abakaliki . However, before the move to Enugu,
he was posted to Nsukka as Brigade Major of
the 3rd Infantry Brigade under Joshua Gin who
would later become battle fatigued and replaced
by Isa Bukar. [21] Buhari stayed with the infantry
for a few months has the Nigerian army began
to adjust tactics learnt from early battle
experiences. Instead of swift advances, the new
tactics involved securing and holding on to the
lines of communications and using captured
towns as training ground to train new recruits
brought in from the army depots in Abeokuta
and Zaria. [21] In 1968, he was posted to the 4
Sector also called the Awka sector which was
charged to take over the capture of Onitsha
from Division 2. The sector’s operations was
within the Awka- Abagana-Onitsha region which
was important to Biafran forces because it was
a major source of food supply. It was in the
sector that Buhari’s group suffered a lot of
casualties trying to protect food supplies route
of the rebels along Oji River and Abagana. [22]
After the war
From 1970 to 1971, Buhari was Brigade Major/
Commandant, Thirty-first Infantry Brigade. He
then served as the Assistant Adjutant-General,
First Infantry Division Headquarters, from 1971
to 1972. He also attended the Defence Services
Staff College, Wellington, India, in 1973. [23]
From 1974 to 1975 Buhari was Acting Director
of Transport and Supply at the Nigerian Army
Corps of Supply and Transport
Headquarters. [24]
Buhari’s participation in July
1975 coup
Then Lieutenant Colonel Buhari was among a
Muhammadu Buhari, now you can read the
Muhammadu Buhari biography which is made
available to NaijaGists.com .
There is a lot of new information in there, and as a
matter of fact you will find much more than you
think. Even the Muhammadu Buhari Wikipedia page
has some very significant facts that have been
missed out, however, this biography aims to tell
the full story of the general that was once a Head
of State and is now going to be the next Nigerian
president. It is a must read for all people
interested in Nigerian politics.
Muhammadu Buhari Writes Nigerians, States
Covenant
Previously few months that I’ve travelled spherical
this country on campaigns, I’ve skilled the sheer
great thing about our diversity. From Port Harcourt
to Kano, from Abeokuta to Gusau, I experienced
first-hand the everyday sufferings and struggles of
our folks. I also experienced the overwhelming
need of our folks for change.
After I arrived in Port Harcourt on the 5th of
January to start out my campaigns, I was met by
our teeming supporters, who stayed till late in the
night to welcome us. Amongst them were many
younger men and women, who within the few
minutes that I shared with them on the airport,
made me to mirror on what kind of future awaits
them in our nation.
Current an in depth strategy for protecting the
fundamental rights and freedoms provided for in
our Constitution. There will probably be emphasis
on the rights of susceptible individuals together
with girls, youngsters and individuals dwelling with
disabilities in addition to access to justice and
prisons reforms.
Battle for you, and alongside you. We’ll struggle
collectively to defeat terrorism. But I can be
sincere with you about our challenges and I’ll bear
the duties of my cost. I cannot lie to you or
exaggerate our triumphs. My administration will be
completely clear in each step of our day by day
struggle and together we will win the struggle.
Healthcare in Nigeria is in crises. Too many
individuals don’t get any treatment. For those who
do get handled, all too often, the care they receive
is poor. Far too many die from easily treatable
diseases and what must be routine therapy
typically finish in loss of life. Moreover, Nigeria is
about to overlook our MDG targets. The statistics
communicate for themselves.
Embark on a program of mass mobilisation to
ensure that all children of college age, regardless
of the place they may reside in our country, and
no matter the social conditions of their mother and
father, are in school. Working in co-operation with
the State Governments, we shall make the required
investments in infrastructure, learning facilities.

the biography of a richest businessman in Africa
May 20, 2017
0
TMPDOODLE1495232201422

Aliko Dangote GCON (born 10 April 1957) is a
Nigerian billionaire, [2] who owns the Dangote
Group , which has interests in commodities. The
company operates in Nigeria and other African
countries, including Benin, Ethiopia, Senegal,
Cameroon, Ghana, South Africa, Togo, Tanzania,
and Zambia. [3] As of February 2017, he had an
estimated net worth of US$12.5 billion. [2]
Dangote is ranked by Forbes magazine as the
67th richest person in the world and the richest
in Africa; [4] he peaked on the list as the 23rd
richest person in the world in 2014. [5] He
surpassed Saudi-Ethiopian billionaire
Mohammed Hussein Al Amoudi in 2013 by over
$2.6 billion to become the world’s richest
person of African descent. [6]
Early life
Dangote hails from a very prominent business
family that lived in Nigeria for many years. He
is the great grand son of Alhaji Alhassan
Dantata , the richest African at the time of his
death in 1955. Aliko Dangote, an ethnic Hausa
Muslim[7] from Kano State , was born on 10
April 1957 into a wealthy Muslim family. [8][9]
Dangote said, “I can remember when I was in
primary school, I would go and buy cartons of
sweets [sugar boxes] and I would start selling
them just to make money. I was so interested
in business, even at that time.” [10]
Business career
Business in Nigeria
The Dangote Group was established as a small
trading firm in 1977, the same year Dangote
relocated to Lagos to expand the company. [9]
Today, it is a multi-trillion naira conglomerate
with many of its operations in Benin, Ghana,
Nigeria, and Togo. Dangote has expanded to
cover food processing, cement manufacturing,
and freight. The Dangote Group also dominates
the sugar market in Nigeria and is a major
supplier to the country’s soft drink companies,
breweries, and confectioners. The Dangote
Group has moved from being a trading
company to being the largest industrial group in
Nigeria including Dangote Sugar Refinery,
Dangote Cement , and Dangote Flour.
In July 2012, Dangote approached the Nigerian
Ports Authorities to lease an abandoned piece
of land at the Apapa Port, which was
approved. [11] He later built facilities for his
flour company there. In the 1990s, he
approached the Central Bank of Nigeria with the
idea that it would be cheaper for the bank to
allow his transport company to manage their
fleet of staff buses, a proposal which was also
approved.
In Nigeria today, Dangote Group with its
dominance in the sugar market and refinery
business is the main supplier (70% of the
market) to the country’s soft drinks companies,
breweries and confectioners. [ citation needed ] It
is the largest refinery in Africa and the third
largest in the world, producing 800,000 tonnes
of sugar annually. Dangote Group owns salt
factories and flour mills and is a major importer
of rice, fish, pasta, cement and fertiliser. The
company exports cotton, cashew nuts, cocoa,
sesame seed and ginger to several countries. It
also has major investments in real estate,
banking, transport, textiles and oil and gas. The
company employs over 11,000 people and is
the largest industrial conglomerate in West
Africa.
Dangote has diversified into telecommunications
and has started building 14,000 kilometres of
fibre optic cables to supply the whole of Nigeria.
As a result, Dangote was honoured in January
2009 as the leading provider of employment in
the Nigerian construction industry.
He said, “Let me tell you this and I want to
really emphasize it…nothing is going to help
Nigeria like Nigerians bringing back their
money. If you give me $5 billion today, I will
invest everything here in Nigeria. Let us put our
heads together and work.” [12]
Other activities
Dangote played a prominent role in the funding
of Olusegun Obasanjo ‘s re-election bid in 2003,
to which he gave over N200 million (US$1M).
He contributed N50 million (US$0.25M) to the
National Mosque under the aegis of “Friends of
Obasanjo and Atiku”. He contributed N200
million to the Presidential Library. he book is titled – Aliko Dangote: The biography
of the richest black person in the world. And has
been accepted for publication by a publishing
company based in New York, USA will be
released to the market in June, 2012. This is the
first and only biography of this exceptional
Nigerian, and African. Written by Moshood
Ademola Fayemiwo and Margie Marie Neal.
Continue to read more about the book from the
publishers and more about the authors…
It is our pleasure to introduce to you the
biography of the richest black person in the world,
Aliko Mohammad Dangote. We were in Nigeria
for fourteen months for field work on this
important book. We visited the ancient city of
Kano in Northern Nigeria where Aliko was born,
Abuja, Lagos, Kaduna, Wudil and other important
places tracing the many paths of Aliko Dangote
and his successful career as Nigeria’s foremost
industrialist and Africa’s richest person.
You will agree with us that the achievement of
Mr. Dangote as the richest black person in the
world, according to the New York-based Forbes
magazine should be celebrated by all Africans
and the black race. In the book, we traced the
paternal family backgrounds of Mr. Dangote to
four generations beginning with Mr. Alhassan
Abdullah Dantata to Mr. Sanusi Dantata and Mrs.
Mariya Dantata-Dangote and Aliko Dangote. We
were able to secure rare photographs from the
family album in Kano, including the paternal
family of the richest black person in the world.
Our narrative included the political circumstances
that led to the death of Mr. Mohammad Dangote,
Aliko’s father in 1965 and the unrest ignited by
the removal of Mr. Mohammadu Sanusi, the Emir
of Kano and the grandfather of Dr Lamido Sanusi,
the current governor of the Central Bank of
Nigeria. We had rare interviews with many
Nigerians in Kano on how young Aliko grew up in
Kano and his formative years in the ancient city.
Next, we followed Aliko Dangote’s journey to
Lagos as a 15-year old young man under the
business wing of the late Mr. Usman Amaka
Dantata, Aliko’s uncle born in 1950 and the last
born of his maternal grandfather, who was the
younger brother of Aliko’s mother. We revealed
how Aliko Dangote had his first break in the
business world during the celebration of Festac’
77 and the first business relationship with then
35-year old Lt-Gen Olusegun Obasanjo and the
late Major-General Shehu Musa Yar’Adua. We
unearthed the secret of Mr. Dagote’s wealth
unknown to millions of people and his
contribution to the economic development of
Nigeria and Africa. In our book, we present the
“complete” Aliko Mohammad Dangote and his
private life; the actual number of children he has,
his wives and the many women in the life of the
richest black person in the world. For the first
time, we revealed the “secrets” of the business
success of Aliko Mohammad Dangote and draw
certain commonalities with other billionaires of
the world. Our searchlight did not escape the
philanthropic activities of Nigeria’s private
employer of labor as well, including his political
cum business connections with all Nigerian
leaders, beginning with Mr. Olusegun Obasanjo,
Shehu Shagari, the late Umaru Musa Yar’Adua
and the current Nigerian president, Mr. Goodluck
Jonathan.

does farmer has more benefits than doctor
May 20, 2017
0
A z

at a person’s value
depends on what they do for a living.
We are all equally important. I don’t
think I am “better than” anyone else,
but my life’s experiences give me a
unique perspective – just as do the life
experiences of everyone else.
BTW, I think I would have liked to be
a farmer – My Scandinavian
forefathers farmed in Sweden and
Norway, then moved to Kansas, where
they farmed for decades more. We all
have to make decisions about what
we do with our lives to benefit society
the most. Practicing medicine gave me
the opportunity to raise and educate
children who are all contributing to
the betterment of society as a whole –
probably not something I could have
accomplished while farming – but –
based on the experience I had with
my grandfather – it certainly seems
like a more serene lifestyle. (And –
although my father was an engineer
by trade, I could tell he was really
happy when we visited my my
grandfather and spent time fixing the
tractors, etc.)
Normally not a question I would
address, but your elitism seems to
have pushed my button today.
If you are interested in “No Nonsense”
answers to serious medical questions,
please follow me. (>200 answers on
cancer, medicine and human
behavior.)
14.2k Views · 21 Upvotes
Updated 30 May 2016
Gary
Larson Gary Larson, Medical
Director – Procure Proton
Therapy Center, OklahomaFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which is
endangering our lives more and more.
If you look at farmers from another
perspective, they are saving us, the
environments and our surroundings; they
are playing a role to protect us and by
these farmers are growing crops as well for
us to eat and grow. So it is right to say that
farmers and kind of doctors because a life
without trees in the world would be a
‘poisonous life’ for us and our next
generations to come.
Doctors on the other hands we need them
in our lives to make sure we are healthy and
to treat us when we are not healthy. Without
doctors a lot of people will be dead and
there will not be 7.6 billion people in the
world but about half that amount. Without
doctors there will be more tears in the
world (more people will be crying and
morning due to their relative dying), there
will be more fighting(people will be going
through extreme length and measures to get
drugs to heal themselves and others around
them) which could involve killing, bombing
and so on. So to conclude Doctors are
essential to our life and that is an
unchangeable fact. Period!
Finally, With all due respect to doctors,
Farmers are playing a stronger roll although
it does not seem so when compared to
doctors. The trees farmers’ plant helps the
whole world and everyone benefits from it
and when farmers do harvest, we all benefit
from the food which helps us nourish our
bodies. Doctors do help our lives so we
should be grateful to them but they are not
available all the time (24/7). On the other
hand cars will always be used around the
world and new & faster cars which will be
produced (more Carbon dioxide) and the
trees will always be there to ‘soak’ in and
absorb the C02 which helps us, daily
monthly, yearly. It’s also important for us
(humans) to remember that when trees are
burnt they are used as ‘fuels’ because we
are running out of fossil fuels and this helps
to keep our generations going.

does farmer has more benefits than doctor
May 20, 2017
0
A z

at a person’s value
depends on what they do for a living.
We are all equally important. I don’t
think I am “better than” anyone else,
but my life’s experiences give me a
unique perspective – just as do the life
experiences of everyone else.
BTW, I think I would have liked to be
a farmer – My Scandinavian
forefathers farmed in Sweden and
Norway, then moved to Kansas, where
they farmed for decades more. We all
have to make decisions about what
we do with our lives to benefit society
the most. Practicing medicine gave me
the opportunity to raise and educate
children who are all contributing to
the betterment of society as a whole –
probably not something I could have
accomplished while farming – but –
based on the experience I had with
my grandfather – it certainly seems
like a more serene lifestyle. (And –
although my father was an engineer
by trade, I could tell he was really
happy when we visited my my
grandfather and spent time fixing the
tractors, etc.)
Normally not a question I would
address, but your elitism seems to
have pushed my button today.
If you are interested in “No Nonsense”
answers to serious medical questions,
please follow me. (>200 answers on
cancer, medicine and human
behavior.)
14.2k Views · 21 Upvotes
Updated 30 May 2016
Gary
Larson Gary Larson, Medical
Director – Procure Proton
Therapy Center, OklahomaFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which isFarmers’ vs. Doctors?
Do you believe farmers are more important
than Doctors? Well, If you do not believe
you should. Farmers plant trees and grow
fruits whilst Doctors work in hospital to
save lives. Nonetheless they are both doing
the same job.
Firstly, It is believable to say that there are
farmers everywhere in the world and there
are also Doctors everywhere in the world
but why should they both be compared and
what do they have in common?
Farmers as we all know grow trees and
plant and these trees take in Carbon dioxide
(CO2) which reduces the carbon foot prints
for us humans in the world. Carbon dioxide
is produce by cars and it’s agreeable to say
that there are millions of cars in this world,
meaning there are a lot of CO2 being
produced daily, monthly year which is
endangering our lives more and more.
If you look at farmers from another
perspective, they are saving us, the
environments and our surroundings; they
are playing a role to protect us and by
these farmers are growing crops as well for
us to eat and grow. So it is right to say that
farmers and kind of doctors because a life
without trees in the world would be a
‘poisonous life’ for us and our next
generations to come.
Doctors on the other hands we need them
in our lives to make sure we are healthy and
to treat us when we are not healthy. Without
doctors a lot of people will be dead and
there will not be 7.6 billion people in the
world but about half that amount. Without
doctors there will be more tears in the
world (more people will be crying and
morning due to their relative dying), there
will be more fighting(people will be going
through extreme length and measures to get
drugs to heal themselves and others around
them) which could involve killing, bombing
and so on. So to conclude Doctors are
essential to our life and that is an
unchangeable fact. Period!
Finally, With all due respect to doctors,
Farmers are playing a stronger roll although
it does not seem so when compared to
doctors. The trees farmers’ plant helps the
whole world and everyone benefits from it
and when farmers do harvest, we all benefit
from the food which helps us nourish our
bodies. Doctors do help our lives so we
should be grateful to them but they are not
available all the time (24/7). On the other
hand cars will always be used around the
world and new & faster cars which will be
produced (more Carbon dioxide) and the
trees will always be there to ‘soak’ in and
absorb the C02 which helps us, daily
monthly, yearly. It’s also important for us
(humans) to remember that when trees are
burnt they are used as ‘fuels’ because we
are running out of fossil fuels and this helps
to keep our generations going.