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Sadaqa e Jariya: The Rewards For Ongoing Charity in Islam
September 22, 2016
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tree-Sadaqa e Jariya: The Rewards For Ongoing Charity in Islam

Giving charity to the poor is highly recommended in Islam. In fact, every Muslim is required to share his or her wealth with the poor for distribution of wealth in society and easing pain and suffering of those in need.

Allah has promised great rewards for the smallest act of goodness. For those deeds that continue to benefit Allah’s creation ever after the doer has passed away, the rewards and blessings from Allah are unlimited indeed.

In a hadith, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated :

“If a person dies, then his good deeds stop except for three: a Sadaqa Jariah (continuous charity), a beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who prays for him.” – Sahih Muslim

This hadith points out some very important points for all Muslims:

Islam encourages us to think not only for ourself but also of others. Most of us are so wrapped up in our own quest for wealth, possessions and earning more money we forget millions of those people who live below poverty line and do not even have enough to feed one decent meal to their children.

Sadqa Jariya or continual charity is one which keeps on benefiting people long after we have gone to the grave.

It can be building a school where students can keep getting education, it can be digging of a water source like canal or well which will provide water to those who are struck by famine or drought,

It can be building of a shelter for old people, the homeless, the poor or orphans, a library, a hospital or even planting a tree which gives shade on a hot summer day or bears fruit for people and birds to eat. Donating medical machinery or wheel chairs in a hospital is also a way to earn continuous charity.

Beneficial knowledge can be a book, research work in any field of science, technology, medicine etc, or religious tafsir or anything related to field of education which benefits human beings.

Another way to earn rewards for Sadqa-e-Jariya is to spread knowledge about Islam, the holy Quran or to invite people towards good things. Even teaching another person a prayer is form of earning Sadqa-e-Jariya because as long as that person recites that prayer or teaches it to other people, we will get blessings for it.

“The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He pleases. And Allah is All-Sufficient, All-Knower.”

[Quran: Al-Baqarah 2:261]

So we should make plans and goals not only for this life, but also do something that will keep on benefiting people long after we are gone.

 

 

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    1. Charity is not recommended in Christianity. It’s required, as you say it is also required in Islam. If you say you’re a faithful Christian and don’t practice charity, you’re a hypocrite. No IFs, ANDs or BUTs. You could even be poor but still have the ability to show some form of charity to another person, be they rich or poor. Faith, hope and charity (love). The greatest gift is love or charity. The words both mean the same in the scriptures. In the New Testament when the word hypocrite is mentioned, there’s a warning attached to it. WOE! Acts of charity are not optional for anyone who professes to be a Christian.

       
      • @cmoneyspinner There is more than one type of charity in Islam. Zakat is compulsory charity where a person has to give 2.5% of his accumulated wealth each year. Paying Zakat is one of the fundamental requirements of being a Muslim and there is great punishment for those wealthy people who do not pay zakat honestly.

        Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Allah has enjoined upon rich Muslims a due to be taken from their properties corresponding to the needs of the poor among them. The poor will never suffer from starvation or lack of clothes unless the rich neglect their due. If they do, Allah will surely hold them accountable and punish them severely.”

        The other types of charity are optional but come with great blessings like expiation of sins, a means of getting rewards on Judgement Day and a source of becoming closer to God.

         
        • Ah! I see. There are no such distinctions made in New Testament Christianity, nor any percentage requirements, when it comes to giving. We are taught that “It is more blessed to give, than to receive” and that we must all give cheerfully and not grudgingly or selfishly, in hopes of receiving a reward for being charitable. A reward, that is, in this life. We know we will receive a reward for remaining faithful when we depart this life. We must also not give out of our need. We are to give as we have been “prospered.” In other words, if we do not have anything to give because we have not been blessed with wealth, then we are not obligated or required, and should not feel as if we will be punished because we are lacking or poor. God does expect more from us than we are able.

          With respect to comments made by @shivamani – I respectfully disagree. “Humanism” is a philosophy or a teaching of man and it is sorely lacking with regard to how humans should treat one another. It is not “a way” I would choose to follow. Religion is defined in the scriptures: “Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.” Now that’s a guideline or teaching I can easily apply and live my life by.

          Thank you for this continued discussion. We are the “people of the Book”. Are we not? Blessings!

           
          • @cmoneyspinner I am glad your comment got published. Yes indeed we are People of the Book. We believe in Jesus Christ as a great Messenger of Allah, born of virgin birth who performed miracles by Will of Allah. We believe that he was not crucified but raised to Heaven and Jesus Christ will return before end of time to establish Truth and lead the people again.

            We also believe that the needy, the poor, the sick, the orphans and the widows have many rights given to them by Islam and it the duty of wealthy individuals and society to take care of them.

            Thank you for your input. I believe that such discussions dispel many misconceptions and we should be able to discuss religion and politics in a polite manner. It is not up to us to judge people as Allah is the Lord of Day of Judgement and it is to Him we shall all return.

             
    2. I totally agree with the content. This is where the main foundation of Islam is very very strong. It is this attitude that can make the flow a continuous one.

      Giving charity is one of the best principles in Islam. Give as much in charity to the others who are in need. Given them alms as food, a house for a homeless, knowledge in the form of donation or money to study. Whatever you give it becomes the ten fold

      All the Mughal Emperors have strictly followed the above principle. They donated lands to the educated to feed their families and make things easy for them to continue their education. They donated lands event to the Hindus (called by the term Inam Land). The great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb has excelled himself in following this principle. He lives with what he was getting by selling the caps stitched by him. Even Akar is not a match for him in this respect.

      The wealth they were getting was being distributed among the poor and needy and only 1/5 (pls. correct if I am wrong) was retained by the Emperor.

      The principle clearly mentions and talks about the charity but does not and nowhere states that this should be only to the Muslim. This is exactly here we are deviating from the principle. We are donating only to the Muslims. Of course, there may be several reasons, which is not a place here to discuss. The Madarasas are meant for Muslims only.
      Some uneducated Muslims during festivals give charity to the Muslim Organizations only. What they understand is the charity is meant for the Muslim only. This tendency is changing slowly on account of the interference and interaction of the educated.

      I have visited Baba Sharfuddin Darga in Penukonda. The interesting fact I noticed is that most of the devotees were Hindus only. They came along with their wives and were going inside. Their wives were sitting outside the Sanctorum only, as it is a practice not to allow a lady inside similar to in some of the Hindu Temples.

      I personally donate 2 pairs of clothes to Muslims during the great festival Ramadan.I leave the decision of selection to the Almighty only.

      The emphasis should be more on humanism than on Religion.

       
      • @shivamani Thank you for your kind comments. Zakat is compulsory charity in Islam that can be given only to the Muslims but it is incumbent upon Muslims to help all those in need irrespective of their faith and religion. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “He is not a believer whose stomach is filled while his neighbour goes hungry.”

        There is no room for hatred, bias or rigidity in Islam. Any Muslim who wants to follow his faith according to Quran and ways of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has to take care of the poor and needy in his community without regard of their religion.

         
    3. God said: I am going to judge you according to your deeds. Yes, though poor you can show show some charitable works like visiting the sick in the hospital, like visiting in prison and make some counseling to the prisoners. I am not wealthy, but every Christmas I am feeding some hungry children. I also give donations every time there is flood in my country. What a happy feeling to serve our humanity.How nice to share and show our kindness to the needy.Amen.

       
      • @lovern I agree. we need not be rich to share our blessings with others. A warm meal or a bowl of soup for a hungry person, clothes and shoes or books or small amount of money can make a difference in the life of another person. It is the thought that counts and the heart that can make this difference.

         
    4. Yes, giving charity to the poor is the continuous goodness on earth even after death it remains continues on earth and will remain n earth till the Day of Judgement. We made them (Abraham and his sons) imams who guided in accordance with our commandments, and we taught them how to work righteousness, and how to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat). To us, they were devoted worshipers.

      [2:215] “They ask you about giving: say, “The charity you give shall go to the parents, the relatives, the orphans, the poor, and the traveling alien.” Any good you do, God is fully aware thereof.”

      [9:60] Charities(Sadaqaat) shall go to the poor, the needy, the workers who collect them, the new converts, to free the slaves, to those burdened by sudden expenses, in the cause of Allah, and to the traveling alien. Such is GOD’s commandment. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise.

      [2:3] who believe in the unseen, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them, they give to charity.

      [2:110] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat). Any good you send forth on behalf of your souls, you will find it at Allah. Allah is seer of everything you do.

       
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