Available Balance
The Wisdom of Publilius Syrus, a Slave by Manifold Names

According to an erroneous belief, Publilius Syrus (1st century BC), in ancient times was called also Publius. Publilius’ real name was finally established by Woelfflin:

“Until the beginning of the sixteenth century the Sentences  were attributed to the philosopher Seneca, from whose credit to that of Publilius they were transferred by Desiderius Erasmus. It was, moreover, only quite recently at the hands of Sillig the editor of Pliny, that the name of Publilius was substituted for the monstrosum nomen [monstrous name] (so E. Woelfflin calls it) of Publius, although the latter form was preserved in manuscripts of Cicero, the Senecas, Gellius, Macrobius and Jerome. Woelfflin, supported by Ritschl, definitely established the name Publilius, which has been accepted by such authorities as Baehr and Teuffel.” (Bickford Smith).

Besides, Publilius was also surnamed Syrus because he was a native of Antioch, Syria. Indeed,  his full name had a rough path. As Bickford Smith  wrote, Publilius was named also Lochium, because Pliny the Elder in his Natural History would call him  Publilius Lochium, so that, “Both O. Jahn and Woelfflin have conjectured that the name should be Antiochium, which seems not unlikely, as we find his cousin called Antiochus. Woelfflin points out a similar error in the Medicean manuscripts of Tacitus (13. 7) where Lochium is found for Antiochum. This of course agrees very well with the cognomen of Syrus, which is usually given him, probably out of Macrobius.”

Publilius Syrus was a libertus (=freedman), and  one of the most famous mimes in  the age of Caesar. He was a slave, but his ability as a mime  gained  him manumission, and he became so popular that under Julius Caesar he was called to Rome where there were public games (“per Caesaris ludos” [games]) [ Macrobius’ Saturnalia, 2, 7, 7-8). The ancient writers did not say in what year Publilius Syrus died, but the famous Latin writer Petronius Arbiter said that Publilius made his career under the Emperor Nero, and  that he died at  a good old age.

Publilius Syrus was the most successful writer of mimes. The mime was of Greek origin,  providing both a very strong form of realism, and using a trivial and scurrilous language. Despite Publilius Syrus had been both the leading mime-writer and actor in Rome, almost nothing of his writings remains, except four doubtful  fragments. On the contrary, there are about 700 proverbs or Sententiae still very well-known.

Publilius Syrus, despite the messy business of his name,  owned a fair amount of  wisdom; and, for example,  for those familiar with the business, he wrote a collection of  moral sentences worthy of mention:

Avarus animus nullo satiatur lucro (No amount of gain satisfies Avarice); or  Effugere cupiditatem, regnum est vincere (Avoid cupidity, and you conquer a kingdom). Bona, imperante animo, siet pecunia, (Money is worth something when good sense disburses it).

Other well-known sentences related to money are :

“A small loan makes a debtor, a great one, an enemy.”

“Bitter for a free man is the bondage of debt.”

“When reason rules, money is a blessing.”

“Money does not sate Avarice, but stimulates it.”

“The guilty man deserves to lose the money with which he would bribe the judge.”

“The gain acquired at the expense of reputation, should be counted a loss.”

“When utility is our aim, a little delay is advisable.”

Not too bed for a man who was not only under slavery, but who suffered also a millenary identity crisis.

 

Notes

 

The Sentences were translated by D. Lyman, Publilius Syrus, a Roman Slave, Cleveland, O., L.E. Bernard & Company, 1856, pp. 3, 14, 16, 17-18, 25,  27.

Publilii Syri Sententiae, Edited by R.A.H Bickford Smith, M.A., London, C.J. Clay & Sons,  Cambridge University Press, 1895, Introduction, p. I.

Rate This Content
God is concerned with our hopes and joys which lead us straight to heaven

Facing trials can cause us joy, though its hard to imagine. But God calls us to joy when unbelievers persecute us because of our faith or when our situation is merely difficult. It is a joy to him that we have stood firm in faith, and he calls us to share his delight. That doesn’t mean we seek out trials but that we face the situation hand in hand with God. In trials, our spiritual strength increases.

The trouble you face here on earth will seem small in heaven. No pain from this life will impede you there. Blessing for faithful service to God will replace each heritage that discourages you today. When trials and troubles beset you, cook ahead to heaven. Jesus promises you an eternal reward if you keep your eyes on him.

Trials have a purpose in our lives. As a smith heats up Gold to purify it, God heats up our lives to make spiritual impurities rise to the surface. If we cooperate with him, sin is skimmed off our lives, purifying our faith. Cleansed lives bring glory to God and joy to us. If a trial lies before you today, envision the joy ahead.

Despite his deep troubles, as Jeremiah sorrowed over Judah’s exile, hope remained in his heart. Though he and his nation faced terrible trials, the prophet understood that God would still uphold them. God’s compassion never fails his hurting people. No matter how we struggle, we share the prophet’s hope. God alone comforts our hearts as we stumble along a rocky trail.

As God’s child, you have his ear 24/7, if only you will pray. Every need, trouble, or praise is his concern and not only will he hear about your trials, but he will deliver you from them. If you feel discouraged by your troubles, you need not stay that way. Just spend time with Jesus. His help is on the way.

You are wise. The Bible says so. You don’t need a lot of education or a certain IQ. Real wisdom is found in God. Simply obey your Lord’s commandments and make knowing him well your first priority. Seek after wisdom, and you will find it in him. As you daily search for truth in the word, your understanding grows.

To this world, God’s wisdom doesn’t look very wise. Anyone who denies Jesus is blind to the depth of insight God showed in sending his son to die for us and then raising him from the dead. But those who accept his sacrifice understand that God’s ways are greater than ours and his astuteness far outweighs our own. As his wisdom fills our once-foolish lives, we gains a new perspective on his perception.

Wisdom without humility isn’t wisdom at all. When we feel astute under our own power, we are actually in big trouble and are heading into foolishness. The truly wise person recognizes that all wisdom comes from God, not frail humans. As we tap into his mind and connect with his astuteness, we are wise indeed. No one is wiser than God.

The virtuous woman’s mouth speaks kindly wisdom. Hers is no sharp tongue that destroys relationships. As we seek to do God’s will, truthful yet caring speech must be ours. Wise words heal hurting hearts. If we have trouble knowing what words bring God’s healing, we need only to ask him to let his Spirit bring wisdom and kindness to our tongues. When we speak as his Spirit directs, we are wise indeed.

Listening to others who are wise brings us wisdom, too. Before we make serious choices, we need to seek the counsel of others. We recognize the wise ones as those who have experience and faith ad who have made decisions that blessed their lives can pass their wisdom on to us, too. There must be wise persons whom we can consult.

Rate This Content
Walking by faith: Called to God’s kingdom

We can lean on God without any fear of becoming too dependent. As we grow in God’s life of grace, God is there to lead and support us each step of the way.

 

God prepared the way for Jesus by sending John the Baptist. John was a prophet, someone called to speak God’s message to humans.

 

We meet God and share in God’s grace through the sacraments, especially the Eucharist. Through the waters of Baptism, and through the power of the Holy Spirit, we become children of God. Sacraments are our celebrations of God’s presence in our lives. God choses each one of us without any merit on our part. God’s gift of grace cannot be earned. God gives grace to us freely out of love of us. The gift of the Holy Spirit helps us trust completely in God’s plan for us and cooperate with it.

 

We are not always ready to cooperate with God’s plan. When we put ourselves at the centre of our lives, the Spirit of God is squeezed into a small corner. God’s Spirit leads us to pray even when it seems that words will not come. The Spirit shows us God’s love even when we have turned away from it. God’s Spirit helps us become s holy people.

 

We cannot see God’s Holy Spirit, though we can see the results of the Spirit’s work.

 

God’s grace is available throughout our journey of faith.

 

The people Jesus blesses are living signs of God’s kingdom. True happiness can be found only by seeking righteousness, the attitude of being in the right relationship in God’s kingdom.

 

We see ourselves and others as made in God’s image. We are children of God, and we have the love of God as well as many other blessings. The beatitudes help remind us of our attitude, our way of thinking, and our way of living in relationship in the kingdom of God.

 

When we become the best we can be, we become who God calls us to be. We want to be best selves because that is part of God’s plan for us. God calls us to do good, and virtue helps us respond to God’s call.

 

God will give us the gift of wisdom, from which all other virtues flow.

Rate This Content
How to Whiten Teeth With Baking Soda
January 23, 2017
5
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Using proper ways to whiten teeth over the years has simply been said to be fixed by a brand of toothpaste, but what if you wanted a more natural method that was 100% more effective and safer for your gums.? Our teeth can easily be stained, or have food stuck in your teeth that can cause the oral hygiene to be unpleasant smell of breath. An easy way to fix those problems would be probably flossing out the meat from your teeth? Trust me it keeps your mouth clean. The real remedy to fix this issue would be with this easy cheap product baking soda. The process of how baking soda whitens the teeth would be due to the sodium bi-carbonate. The chemical with alkaline compound that looks like white crystals. It also removes acids, stains, kills bacteria, clears plague to cleanse a lower chance of teeth decaying and so on. Baking soda Is a perfect non-toxic way to make your smile a healthy happy smile.
Here are some easy quick steps:
THINGS YOU WILL NEED
1 toothbrush
1 box of baking soda
Water
STEPS
• Place 1 teaspoon of baking soda with water to make a thick paste onto of toothbrush.
• Brush your teeth with this paste three times a week only
Other ways
• Or apply baking soda to teeth and leave for 2 minutes. Then brush your teeth with a toothbrush.
• Add lemon juice(twice a month) and salt or honey for flavor plus baking soda create your own toothpaste
• Add turmeric for its benefits as well
• Coconut oil
• Banana strip
Forget regular toothpaste that might give you a stomach ache in the mornings change the routine for a better one. Don’t say no until you see the proof for yourself & feel the difference.
Follow these steps and create your perfect smile, naturally! Safe! & 100% effective

Rate This Content