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25 Best Self-Help & Personality Development Books to Read in 2018

This maxim of Zig Ziglar is amply highlighted by astounding success of thousands of wealthy people around the world. Indeed, reading any type of book enriches knowledge, expands vocabulary, relieve stress while promoting eloquence.

Billionaires Who Read

Warren Buffet: American business magnate, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway and billionaire, spends at least 80 percent of his day reading books.

Mark Zuckerberg: CEO, Facebook reads at least two books every month. “Reading has given me more perspective on a number of topics — from science to religion, from poverty to prosperity, from health to energy to social justice, from political philosophy to foreign policy, and from history to futuristic fiction,” he says.

Elon Musk: CEO, SpaceX and Tesla, says, he learned to build rockets “by reading books.”

Oprah Winfrey: Globally acclaimed host of TV talk shows, CEO Oprah Winfrey Network, actress and philanthropist credits her rise from dithering poverty to billionaire woman to reading inspirational books. She now runs the ‘Oprah Book Club’ that promotes reading.

Bill Gates: The world’s richest man and founder of Microsoft reads at least 50 books per year. “Reading books is one of the chief ways that I learn, and has been since I was a kid. It is still the main way that I both learn new things and tests my understanding,” says Gates.

These examples clearly highlight the importance of reading books, regardless of their genre, for everyone who wishes to become successful in career and life. Some decades ago, buying good books, especially latest releases, was fairly arduous since one had to wait for an up-market bookstore to import them.

Prices were also fairly high and hence, unaffordable to the masses.

Fortunately, online stores like Amazon India, ShopClues, Flipkart, Crossword and others have made it possible to buy the latest releases immediately, at very affordable rates.

Best Self-Help & Personal Development Books

Amazon Kindle offers thousands of free e-books. Hence, you too can further your personal development by reading. Here we list 50 ‘must read’ self-help books from 10 assorted genres that you can read.

1. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People- By Dr. Stephen R. Covey

World famous American motivational speaker and author, Dr. Stephen R. Covey gives readers an insight into how habits formed since childhood mould future of individuals. This book is a “must read” for anyone aspiring for success.

The first three habits discuss the stages of every human, regardless of nationality and ethnicity, about development from state of dependence as child to independence, around teenage.

The next three habits revolve around the stage of females and males moving from independence to interdependence. The last habit speaks about living in an interdependent society.

2. The Eighth Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness – By Dr. Stephen R. Covey

The Eighth Habit is a sequel of sorts to the earlier book by Dr. Covey. This book opens up a totally new dimension of human potential for everyone. The author highlights, everyone has capabilities to become great.

He discusses how tapping into four attributes- talent, need, conscience and passion effectively, can lead us all from effectiveness to greatness. While in “The Seven Habits”, Dr. Covey speaks of living in an interdependent society, this book shows how one can flourish in such society.

We recommend reading both the books.

3. The Power of Onlyness- By Nilofer Merchant

Nilofer Merchant encourages readers to release their individual capabilities, without the need of approval from peers or others. She speaks about how the Internet has opened new opportunities for everyone to give wings to their creative thoughts and ideas to make a “dent” in the world.

Nilofer Merchant coins the new phrase “Onlyness” in her book, which signifies the unique spot in this world where you stand with your history, vision, knowledge and hope, among other elements.

The Power of Onlyness shows how we can release our trapped creativity and help solve problems that hitherto had no answers.

4. The Net and the Butterfly- By Olivia Fox Cabane and Judah Pollack

This is a very unique book by any standards. The two authors delve deep into human psychology and come up with a unique concept that anyone can utilize for personal development. They point out the human mind is like a butterfly- beautiful yet often restless.

Therefore, all ordinary humans are unable to exploit their brains to the fullest potential to progress in life and career. Hence, we need to use a net to catch this butterfly. The authors disclose several simple ideas on getting the mind under control.

The book contains very interesting exercises and tests that can be performed individually or with family and friends.

5. The Great Questions of Tomorrow- By David Rothkopf

Every human is directly or indirectly impacted by various imminent factors ranging from political scenarios to wars, technological advances to economic downturns. Technology has made this impact more inescapable for everyone on this planet.

In his book ‘The Great Questions of Tomorrow’, the author, David Rothkopf explores how we can gain deeper insights into these changes and develop new ideas that are not only essential for basic survival but also to lead a fruitful and positive life.

This book deals a lot with basics of human psychology in context with the modern world, where every life is connected like a small element in an electronic circuit that depends upon the other.

Self-Help Books on Making Money

6. Rich Dad, Poor Dad- by Robert Kiyosaki

Anyone aspiring to be rich should read this global bestseller by Japanese-American businessman and author, Robert Kiyosaki. The book, ‘Rich Dad, Poor Dad’ is based on the author’s life. Born into a poor family of Japanese migrants to the US, the author’s best childhood friend hailed from a very affluent family.

The book talks about what fathers from economically weaker families teach their children such as the importance of education, value of money and hard work. He also discusses teaching gained from the rich father of his childhood pal, who groomed his son differently.

The basic difference, says Kiyosaki, is in thought patterns of rich and the poor. Changes in thinking can lead even a poor person to become wealthy and happy, says Kiyosaki, with examples from his personal life.

7. The Power of Broke- by Daymond John

Not many are familiar with the name Daymond John. However, he is the founder and CEO of FUBU brand of fashion apparel of the US. This book is ideal for every aspiring entrepreneur.

The author speaks about his personal experiences of starting a business with hand-sewn shirts from sidewalks of Queens in New York. Beginning with a very humble budget of US$ 40, Daymond John speaks about how innovative thinking and new ideas led him to build a multi-million dollar empire.

He aptly states that starting broke- or with very limited budget- gives entrepreneurs a clearer idea about how and where to invest. This, he says, spurs creative thinking leading to newer and out-of-the-box ideas that are essential to launch any successful business.

8. Own It- By Sally Krawcheck

For every woman aspiring to succeed financially at work or business, ‘Own It’ by Sally Crawcheck is a book that simply cannot be ignored. The authoress laments that most working women and entrepreneurs try to imitate men and end up competing or lagging behind.

Instead, women can make greater headway by effectively deploying their unique, feminine thinking and behavioral traits bestowed by nature and education.

She rightly points out that by recognizing and realizing personal potential, women will no longer need to compete with men for a top post at companies or stay underdogs in business. Sally Krawcheck’s book is aptly titled since it shows how women can own their success- as professionals or businesswomen.

9. It’s Rising Time- By Kim Kiyosaki

American authoress Kim Kiyosaki literally exhorts women into financial rebellion through this excellent book. She encourages women who do not want to depend upon their spouse, parents or other persons for financial stability.

Kim Kiyosaki also highlights how women need to play vital roles in making financial decisions for their households, personal finance and business. In very simple manner, the authoress encourages women to take charge of their financial affairs and shows ways and means to do so with boldness.

She speaks about how women can overcome traditional inhibitions, lack of confidence and other limitations to become great investors for personal finance and run their successful business. This is a “must read” for every woman who wants to secure her financial future without undue dependence on husbands and fathers.

10. Play Like a Man, Win Like a Woman- By Gail Evans

In her book, Gail Evans aptly points out, very few biggest entrepreneurs and millionaires are women. Women, she says, are never taught entrepreneurial skills and nor do they exert extra efforts to acquire them through independent efforts.

In her book, the authoress speaks of ways and means that women can become successful at business and also overtake male counterparts by ‘playing like a man,’ in various spheres. The authoress has taken extra care to make her book very interesting to both genders by interspersing chapters with interesting and humorous real life experiences she encountered during her career.

She empowers women by providing them the right tools required for success at business and work. Interestingly, this book is not female specific. It also provides male executives and businessmen with a better understanding how to fully utilize the potential of women for promotions to very senior management levels.

Personal Development Books on Spiritual Guidance

11. The Real You- By Radhanath Swami

Born as American citizen in Chicago, Illinois as Richard Slavin the author is now better known worldwide as Radhanath Swami. He has been a globally renowned spiritual teacher and Bhakti Yoga practitioner of India’s largest spiritual movement, International Society for Krsna Consciousness (ISKCON).

‘The Real You’ is among the nearly a dozen books he has authored. ‘The Real You’ is suited for followers of all faiths. It focuses on two traits of human life, ‘Wisdom of Heart’ (of mind) and ‘Wisdom of Art (of action).

Radhanath Swami shows how combining wisdom of thoughts and actions in our daily lives can lead away to peeling away of undesirable traits that creep into every human being. The book takes readers on a journey towards spiritual progress, regardless of the religion they follow.

Hence, it helps you become a better citizen of the world by developing desirable traits like compassion, forgiveness, selflessness and other commendable qualities.

12. The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari- by Robin Sharma

This book is ranks as global bestseller. Based on fiction, it talks about a successful, wealthy lawyer Julian Mantle, who suffers a heart attack. Renouncing his wealth, he travels to India in search of spiritual life and succeeds.

This book teaches us how to live a simple yet meaningful life, regardless of wealth. Though the book is based upon a fictional character, it reveals the banality of living a purely material life based on personal achievements, selfish motives and greed for wealth.

The author subtly display to readers, how materialistic goals seldom bring lasting happiness during our lifetime. Author Robin Sharma does not encourage anyone to leave their jobs or business in favor of sainthood or other spiritual conquests.

The book opens vistas for the modern man to strike a proper balance between material requirements essential for life while attaining spiritual growth to become happy and spread goodness in the society.

13. The Alchemist- By Paulo Coelho

Brazilian author Paulo Coelho’s book The Alchemist has changed millions of lives around the world. The story revolves around a fictional boy named Santiago, who works as shepherd in Andulasia’s hills. Santiago often dreams of pyramids in a distant and unknown land, where treasures are hidden.

Believing the dreams to be true, he embarks on a near impossible journey in search of wealth. On his way, Santiago meets people from different cultures and walks of life. Every encounter with a new person imparts him some wisdom.

Eventually, Santiago realizes that wisdom is the greatest treasure and returns home a happy lad, though he cannot find material wealth. Dialogs between the shepherd boy and various characters in the book are loaded with wisdom for every reader, regardless of their religious inclinations, culture or nationality.

14. Miracles of Your Mind- By Dr. Joseph Murphy

Modern scientific research has proven beyond doubt that every human utilizes only a fraction of their brain during lifetime. Dr. Joseph Murphy, a Roman Catholic New Thought Minister ordained in Religious and Divine Science shows in this book how to unleash miracles by tapping hidden resources of the mind to achieve a fulfilled yet spiritually accomplished life.

He discusses the ‘power of attraction’ which helps readers to view their lives in a different light that strikes balance between demands of the modern world and materialism as well as intrinsic vacuum for spirituality in humans.

Dr. Murphy also gives examples of how a few simple steps can help improve your life by becoming more successful at work or business, attain financial success, lead a happier family life and become a very responsible and respected member of the society.

Though the author is Roman Catholic by faith, ‘Miracles of Your Mind’ is well suited for followers of every religion since it has blends spirituality without religion and practicalities for modern life.

15. Living the Mystery of Life- By Sri Sri Ravishankar

Everyone faces various challenges in life- sickness, financial problems, family discords and lots more. Often, we are flummoxed by these challenges and become despondent, leading to unhappiness and discontent.

The book ‘Living the Mystery of Life’ by Sri Sri Ravishankar, internationally acclaimed Yoga guru from India and founder of Art of Living Foundation, provides practical answers to these perplexing issues we humans encounter at every stage of life.

Once again, Sri Sri Ravishankar does not base his book on any religious teachings, which makes it suitable for people of all faiths, cultures and nationalities. The book features short talks, questions and answers from real life people and profound insights into human attitudes that make every adverse situation a problem.

Books on Effective Parenting

16. Know Your Child- By Sri Sri Ravishankar

Authored by Sri Sri Ravishankar in a rather humorous way, ‘Know Your Child’ is essential for every parent. Indeed, it is a guide for every parent on how to raise their kids from childhood till the time they become independent.

It guides parents on how to counsel their kids for everything from behaving at home, school and the society. ‘Know Your Child’ also educates teachers and academic experts on how to ensure a child learns better and retains vital knowledge throughout their lives.

Through this book, Sri Sri Ravishankar has made millions of parents worldwide to rethink about the manner of upbringing of their kids. The eminent Yoga guru and spiritual teacher give great examples about how parents and teachers should behave towards kids since they influence a child’s future development and personality.

17. The Smartest Kids in the World- By Amanda Ripley

The most common question among parents around the world remains: why kids from a particular country or geographic location better at specific skills than others. For example, kinds from China may be better at sports while their American counterparts have better analytical and pedagogic skills.

Indians make great IT experts while most renowned chefs of the world hail from Europe. In her book ‘The Smartest Kids in the World’, the authoress takes in-depth look at cultural influences on children around the world that molds them as adults.

She speaks of different types of upbringing methods and parenting patterns that eventually form habits in children. Sans proper parenting, children cannot attain their fullest potential.

She highlights her points by examples of a few exemplary kids who went on to become youngest millionaires of the world and what went into their parenting. A must read for every parent who wishes their kids to be very successful.

18. Positive Parenting- By Rebecca Eans

Every parent wishes the best for their children. However, a majority of parents take to nagging, punishments and other unpleasant techniques to get kids to behave in the manner they view appropriate.

The book ‘Positive Parenting’ is not a fictional guide about how to raise kids. Instead, authoress Rebecca Eans speaks of her own struggles and trials while trying to raise her children. She speaks about how the right kind of counseling for children to focus on their development rather than admonition for unruly behavior.

The authoress also highlights various examples where children can be encouraged to cooperate into studying well, maintaining proper etiquette and become great classmates and friends.

The book is not meant for foreign parents only. It suits every nationality since it deals with child psychology rather than laying emphasis on any specific culture or ethnicity.

19. Strong Mothers-Strong Sons- By Meg Meeker

Interestingly, Meg Meeker, MD, has also written another bestseller, ‘Strong Fathers- Strong Daughters’. Both these books deal with various phases of growths of a son or daughter. It deals with various sensitive topics such as reasons why sons or daughters move away from their mom or dad.

These books are based on the generally accepted principle worldwide that daughters are closer to their dads while sons are more inclined towards the mom. As mother of a son and daughter and a medical practitioner by profession, Dr Meg Meeker authors these books from her personal experience.

It contains interesting revelations about child psychology of which parents would be unaware. These books are also excellent guides to anyone having young children.

The book ‘Strong Mothers-Strong Sons’ speaks about maternal influence on some of the world’s most successful men while the ‘Strong Fathers-Strong Daughters’ speaks of how girl kids generally are influenced in various decisions of life by their father’s preferences.

20. The Danish Way of Parenting- By Jessica Joelle Alexander and Iben Dissing Sandahl

Wondering why Danish way? According to global survey of populations of the world, Denmark as the topmost where people are happiest. Happier populations are a result of superior parenting.

In their book, ‘The Danish Way of Parenting’, the two authors have studied in-depth the manner in which Danes groom their children from birth till the time they become independent.

The two writers are also parents and have given examples of how their modes of grooming kids led to happier children and eventually, happy adults. The book lays bare the myths of various countries around the world that their own, homegrown methods of parenting are correct.

It has helped millions of people worldwide to look at parenting with a totally new perspective while modifying techniques and beliefs. Indeed, the book is said to be a guide for enjoyable parenting since bringing up kids in the modern world can prove fairly difficult.

Books for General Knowledge

21. Manorama Yearbook 2018- from Malayala Manorama Media, Kerala, India

Anyone preparing for entrance exams for government jobs, admissions to institutions of higher education or wanting to excel in quiz contests can find latest information in India’s most popular general knowledge publication, Manorama Year Book 2018.

Indeed, this book is recommended for students aspiring to enter anything from Chartered Accountancy to Indian Administrative Service or eying a profession in India’s large banking and finance sector.

The comprehensive yearbook is an encyclopedia of the world and India of sorts. It has been published by the Malayala Manorama Media Group based in Kottayam, Kerala since 1959, when it made its debut in Malayalam language.

The book is available in English since 1965, Bengali since 1990 and Hindi since 1991. Regardless whether you are student or retiree, Manorama Yearbook should be an essential in every household.

22. Britannica Ready Reference Encyclopedia- from Encyclopedia Britannica Inc, UK

The full version of Encyclopedia Britannica costs as high as Rs. 29,000. It is considered the most comprehensive publications of its kind in the world covering nearly half a million topics and a larger number of subtopics.

However, a cheaper variant, Britannica Ready Reference Encyclopedia that covers a fewer but very relevant topics on general knowledge can be bought for about Rs.1,500 each.

The distinct advantage by owning this great publication is, you get excellent, verified and comprehensive general knowledge about various topics such as history, science, countries, economy, politics and lots more.

This book is ideal for students and retirees too who wish to broaden their knowledge either for excelling at quiz contests, increasing awareness about various topics or simply for entertainment. The book contains excellent illustration and explanations with footnotes.

23. Random House Unabridged Dictionary – from Penguin-Random House, USA

With nearly 320,000 entries, 2,400 illustrations, 75,000 example sentences, 35 page atlas of the world and 45 boxed charts and tables, the Random House Unabridged Dictionary is worth investing in for anyone who strives for career development.

For students, employees and business persons in India, framing proper correspondence or writing in English often proves a problem. India is not included in the list of 18 native English speaking countries of the world. Local accents and use of archaic terms greatly influence the manner in which English is spoken and written in India.

For a price of nearly Rs.12,000 the Random House Unabridged Dictionary is indeed an expensive to own. However, the benefits of owning one far outweigh the expense you incur.

Since English is commonly used in almost every transaction and all types of communications in India, this dictionary allows you to vastly improve your vocabulary while developing excellent interpersonal skills while dealing with foreigners.

The huge popularity of this book can be gauged by the fact that it is now published in India by a leading UK based media group, Hachette’s local division.

24. Limca Book of Records-2018- from Hachette India

Limca Book of Records-2018 is a comprehensive listing of India’s achievements from historical to modern times. The book is updated every year to include the latest information available at time of going to print.

The publication consists of all developments in India’s education, defense, political, government, entertainment, literature, arts, science, adventure, tourism, wildlife and myriad other sectors.

Additionally, the book also provides a comprehensive listing of various world records in various spheres. The 2018 edition contains more information about technology, business and economy and has easy-to-understand charts, graphs, tables and illustrations as well as graphics.

Real life pictures taken across India and in various parts of the world make it a coveted possession for every knowledge lover.

25. Mathurbhumi Yearbook Plus 2018- from Mathrubhumi Printing & Publishing Group, Kerala

The Mathrubhumi Yearbook Plus 2018 is excellent for every member of your family. It contains comprehensive information about various issues in India and the world and a listing of eminent personalities, world records, defense and economics related information.

Further, there are also insights into various new policies launched by the Indian government. Often, the Mathrubhumi Yearbook Plus comes with a free CD or DVD that also contains similar but abridged information that can be easily accessed on a computer.

The Mathrubhumi Yearbook Plus 2018 is not similar to the other Manorama Yearbook 2018. Indeed, both these yearbooks complement one another. Hence, it makes good sense to possess both.

However, the Mathrubhumi Yearbook 2018 is available only in English and Malayalam versions from bookstores and online.

India’s Decline in Reading

The reading habit in India has suffered a body blow thanks to mobile Internet and easy availability of affordable smart-phones. An anonymous author once said: “We live in an era of smart-phones and dumb people.” Sadly, Indians seem to be exerting extra efforts towards making this quote a reality.

According to NOP World Culture Score report for 2004-2005, Indians ranked as the world’s most avid readers. Studies by various media groups and independent organizations revealed, on average an Indian spends 10 hours per week or about 1 hour, 44 minutes per day on reading.

This made Indians the most avid readers of the world.

Thailand ranked as second country with people spending average of about nine hours, 24 minutes per week on reading followed by China at eight hours, Egypt with seven hours and 50 minutes, the Philippines at seven hours and 36 minutes followed by Czech Republic with about seven hours and 25 minutes per week.

In Conclusion

Widespread proliferation of mobile handsets and smart-phones over the last few years is suspected to have caused severe decline in reading habits of Indians. Rather than spending time to read books that increase knowledge and word power, an increasing number of Indians now engage in playing games or watching videos on smart-phones.

A study by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2015 found, Americans spend only about 19 minutes per day on reading. However, people in the US access newspapers and e-books online- a trend that is in embryonic stage in India.

Nobel Prize winner and world renowned physicist, Albert Einstein once commented: “I fear that day that technology will surpass our human interaction. The world will have a generation of idiots.”

Indians seem to be striving hard to fulfill Einstein’s prophecy. Unless Indians revive reading informative books and inculcate the habit in children, this country could be saddled with people having limited or zero general knowledge.

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HR Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers & Experienced

Every jobseeker looks forward to an interview call. Regardless whether you are a fresher or veteran in your field, an interview will be conducted by any prospective employer, before hiring.

Sometimes, questions asked can be predicable. However, an interviewer can occasionally toss an odd or awkward interview questions that can overwhelm an experienced jobseeker too. Hence it is vital to know the significance of an interview and what it entails.

What is an interview?

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary of English Language defines interview as: A formal consultation usually to evaluate qualifications as of a prospective student or employee.”

Chambers 21st Century English Dictionary describes it as “A formal meeting and discussion with someone, especially one at which an employer meets and judges a prospective employee.”

From these definitions, two words stand out- ‘evaluate’ and ‘judge’. This is exactly what will happen with you during an interview: One or more interviewers will evaluate and judge your educational skills, personality, work aptitude, socio-economic status and much more.

Regardless of what you mention on your Curriculum Vitae (CV), Resume or Bio-Data, every employer will conduct an interview to assess whether you are worth hiring.

Are interviews tough?

A job interview is not a test of your skills. It is a test of your abilities to use these skills at the right time and place. “Job interviews are like first dates. Good impressions count, awkwardness can occur, outcomes are unpredictable,” says an unknown author.

Job interviews are not necessarily tough. As fresher, you will be asked a few basic interview questionsduring interview. For professionals and experienced applicants,interview questions will focus more on past and current employment.

To help prepare better we present a list of common and off-beat HR interview questions and answers for fresher and experienced.

HR interview questions & answers for fresher

Mostly, interviewers do not ask very complex questions whereas they just ask basic interview questions to a fresher. Understandably, a fresher cannot possess in-depth knowledge about the work, since this would be their first employment.

Regardless, a fresher can face some truly tough interview questions for a job. Here are some examples how to answer HR interview questions:

Q-1: Can you tell us something about yourself?

A: Answer this question by describing your family background and academic achievements briefly. Read this to know how to answer this.

Q-2: What do you know about this job?

A: Some research into profiles of the job applied for will give you a good idea about tasks you may have to perform.

Q-3: What do you know about this company?

A: Again, doing some basic research about the company, its business, products and services as well as history will help you answer some Top hr interview questions.

Q-4: Why are you applying for this job?

A: You need to convince yourself first about the career you choose. This will help you assure the interviewer you are serious about the job.

Q-5: What are your strengths and weaknesses?

A: Stick to only those strengths and weaknesses that are relevant to your job and can impact your career. Highlight your weaknesses that will work in favour of your career.

Q-6: Can you define your career goals?

A: Here, it is best to stick to short and medium term goals that you expect to fulfill while working for the employer. Keep your career goals simple and achievable. Provide a deadline by which you expect to attain them.

Q-7: Are you willing to work extra hours, late nights and on weekends/ holidays?

A: Answer affirmatively. Saying yes increases your prospects of getting the job. As fresher, you also get to learn more, test your skills independently. You can also earn more by overtime work.

Q-8: Why should we hire you?

A: Speak about your skills that can be best utilized by the employer. Highlight that you are willing to go the extra mile to make a career in that organization.

Q-9: Can you work under pressure?

A: Yes, why not? Remember, every job entails pressure regardless whether you are fresher or experienced. Such pressures are occasional and allow you to improve your skills.

Q-10: What family commitments do you have?

A: Be frank enough to tell your interviewer about commitments you have towards your parents or spouse and kids. Speak of how a career in that company will help fulfil these family obligations.

Q-11: Do you have any vices or bad habits?

A: Should you be consuming alcohol occasionally or smoking, say so. If you answer negative but arrive someday at work reeking of booze, you can lose the job. The odour of tobacco smoke cannot be concealed. Stains on teeth will clearly indicate if you chew ‘paan’ or tobacco.

Q-12: Can you travel at short notice?

A: Of course, yes. Traveling for work is exciting and interesting. It allows you to test your skills in new locations. Further, you also get an opportunity to develop a network of contacts in your field of work.

Q-13: Are you willing to relocate to another city or town?

A: Once again, accept the challenge. Relocating to another city or town for work can provide you better pay and work conditions. Understandably, you will develop better skills on your own capabilities and make friends in new places.

Q-14: Are you a good team player?

A: For a fresher, some job HR interview questions may be tough to answer. However, you can speak about how you studied or played in teams during school and college days. Point out that you enjoy working in teams since it allows you to learn more about the work.

Q-15: What motivates and inspires you?

A: Speak about your short and medium term ambitions and dreams. Speak about the extra efforts you are willing to exert to attain them. Be careful and skip talking about long-term goals since the company might not be able to offer you much career development avenues.

Q-16: Can you tell us about other career options you are eying?

A: Once again, as fresher hoping to embark on a career, you can be honest about other options you are considering. However, ensure these options are in line with your educational qualifications and personal aptitude.

Q-17: Will working with us help fulfil your career objectives and goals?

A: Respond to this most common HR interview questions with utmost caution. With some prior research into the employer’s profile, you can assess how rapidly you can grow in your career. Reply affirmatively to this type of typical interview questions. Tell your interviewer how you can use and develop skills while working for them.

Q-18: What is the guarantee you will not leave us soon?

Point out to the interviewer you are not merely looking for money. Instead, you are more interested in developing a career, acquiring new skills and developing your talent. Also highlight that jumping jobs frequently will reflect poorly on your CV, Bio-Data or Resume.

Q-19: Why should we hire a fresher instead of experienced candidates?

Never deride an experienced candidate. Instead, you can point out that as fresher, you are open to new ideas, can adapt easily to the work culture, handle extra pressures and work load. Point out to your educational and extra-curricular achievements that can be useful for the employer.

Q-20: How would you handle criticism from teammates and seniors?

Say that criticism does hurt. Yet it teaches some vital lessons. Show that you are open to positive, justifiable criticism as long as it helps you develop as a better person and make a good worker.

Q-21: Do you have any hobbies and interests?

You can safely mention your hobbies and interests even if they include something as mundane as collecting stamps and coins or watching movies. Also talk about extra-curricular activities you took interest while studying such as sports, story, poem and essay writing or joining Scouts and Guides, National Cadet Corps, National Social Service and other similar organizations.

Q-23: What were your favourite and hated subjects while studying?

Here, you can briefly answer which subjects in your field of study interested you and assign reasons. You can safely discuss which subjects you lagged and why you loathe them.

Q-24: What are your salary expectations?

Some employers indicate what salaries they are willing to pay. Others do not. Some research into existing pay scales for fresher in your field will indicate the size of your remuneration. You can ask for a pay package in line with prevailing market rates.

Q-25: Would you like to ask me any questions?

This question opens up several vistas to display your skills. Ask the interviewer about your job profile. Seek more details about the company, the size of your team, managerial structure and the current market share for its products or services. You can also enquire about future plans of the company and its expansion, forthcoming launches and information related to your industry. Avoid speaking about your prospective employer’s competition and rivals.

Note:

As fresher, you may also be quizzed about your family, especially parents, their educational qualifications and work. Some interviewers may ask about your daily routine. Yet others can ask about your political and religious beliefs. If such questions do feature in your interview, answer them with utmost honesty but without being judgmental about anything. We include some such questions later in this article.

HR questions for experienced

Understandably, jobseekers with previous work experience will face tougher questions at interviews. However, some questions that will feature during an interview can be similar to those asked to a fresher. HR questions for the experienced will mainly revolve around work skills, past and current employment and work conditions. Some common list of interview questions and answers for experienced all the answers to interview questions are mentioned blow.

Q-1: Can you describe your employment history?

A: It is vital to remember what you mention on your application. Give a concise yet accurate account of your past employers- beginning from the first to the latest or current. Mention the approximate period you worked at each job, designations held and your responsibilities.

Q-2: Why are you looking for a new job?

A: Take care not to criticize your former and current employers. Instead, speak about how your skills can be better utilized by the place where you have applied for work. Point out areas where your skills were redundant you could not use to optimum in previous workplaces.

Q-3: Why do you believe our company can fulfil your needs?

A: Harp on your skills. Tell your interviewers, the new job will help you develop and fine-tune your skills that can prove beneficial to the company and add value to its products, services and functioning.

Q-4: How do you rate job satisfaction at previous workplaces on a scale of one to 10?

A: It is best to give an honest assessment of your job satisfaction levels at previous workplaces. The interviewer can interject and ask you more questions about some workplace where you rate job satisfaction as low. Be ready to provide answers without criticizing any employer, its policies, management and colleagues.

Q-5: What additional skills have you acquired from your previous employment?

A: You can answer this question best, since you will have definitely gained vital experience, developed new skills and learnt a few tricks of the trade during your tenure with past and current employers. Highlight how these skills can benefit the interviewer’s company.

Q-6: What roles do you foresee for yourself in this company?

A: Talk about your short and mid-term goals and skills you offer. Talk about how to intend to achieve these goals and progress in the company by optimal use of your education and skills. Shun talking about specific designations. However, you can speak of various functions and departments where your skills are useful.

Q-7: Can you briefly explain reasons for leaving your past employers?

A: Once again, do not run down your past employers or their staff. Point out to your application and highlight that it shows an upward move in your career. You can explain you switched jobs for progressing in your career.

Q-8: What problems do you face in your current (or past) job?

A: Here too, stick to your objectives of career development. Speak about areas where you could have done better in your current or past job. Cite reasons such as lack of opportunities or unavailability of technology to develop and utilize your skills. Once again, shun criticism.

Q-9: You seem to change jobs frequently. Why is that?

A: Understandably, this question can unnerve anyone who has a history of frequent job changes. It does not disqualify you automatically from the new job. However, you will have to provide valid and acceptable reasons for frequently switching jobs.

Q-10: Why are there are several periods of unemployment in your career?

A: Regardless of your great qualifications and unbeatable experience, patches of unemployment indicate something may be wrong with you. It could include anything from domestic problems to illness, addictions to inability to cope with work pressure, strained relations with seniors and colleagues. Answer this question very truthfully. Remember, you are called for the interview, meaning the employer would be willing to overlook this flaw.

Q-11: How long would you work for us?

A: Honestly, no mortal can foresee the future. However, you can respond to this question in a tacit manner. State that you are looking for a prolonged career that offers you high job satisfaction and allows you to utilize your experience and skills for the employer’s benefit.

Q-12: Could you describe your former (or current) manager and management style?

A: You will have to answer this skill with great tact. Any criticism about your previous or former boss should be presented in a positive manner. Highlight their achievements and good character or qualities. Speak about how they helped you and your great experiences while working with them.

Q-13: What is your working pattern and style?

A: Give a brief description of your daily routine at work. Provide details about your work and how to go about executing it effectively. You can also speak about how you collate between tasks and coordinate with colleagues. Also include details about any work related assistance you provide juniors.

Q-14: Does anything prevent you from performing better?

A: Please be very honest about factors that impede you from utilizing your skills and experience to the maximum. This could be anything from lack of sufficient opportunities, technical snags, long commutes, family problems and issues at workplace such as obsolete technology. Shun speaking about irascible bosses and uncooperative colleagues.

Q-15: What would you require from us to excel at work?

A: This is a question you should welcome. It signifies the company wants to enhance its performance and looks forward to you for doing so. Be modest in your demand and ensure that existing staff will be able to cope with any new technology you are likely to introduce. State that cooperation from all levels of staff at the company will help you work better.

Q-16: How would you approach a problem at work or in life?

A: Indubitably, you would have done a lot of troubleshooting in your previous jobs and at home. We all have our own unique ways to approach problems and solve them. You can talk about these methods you derive from experience.

Q-17: How would you rate your professional success and failure a scale of one to 10?

A: A detailed answer is best for such questions. You will have to sort your skills and rate your achievements at work on this scale. At the same time, describe instances where you skills proved useless or were redundant causing you to fail at some tasks. Honest self assessment is always treasured by interviewers. It leaves a good impact and furthers your chances of bagging the job.

Q-18: Would you be able to cope up working with a younger team?

A: Of course you would be. Younger employees are more energetic and open to newer ideas. They also have their own ideas about how a particular task can be best executed. Working with a younger and often lesser or inexperienced team is great fun. Accept this challenge whole-heartedly.

Q-19: Do you have any issues in reporting to a younger boss?

A: None whatsoever. Younger bosses have better grasp of modern technologies and other skills, thanks to newer trends in education. Indeed, you can learn loads of new stuff by working with a younger boss. Further, you will also be able to chip in vital information with your experience.

Q-20: Could you tell us something about harassment at your previous jobs?

A: Regardless whether you were harassed or adored at your previous jobs, never speak anything negative about your former seniors and colleagues. However, you may cite a couple of instances where you felt you were overburdened with work without valid reasons.

Q-21: What value can you add to this company, if employed?

A: You will need to do some research into the company on Internet or other sources to prepare yourself for this common question. You can point out areas where you believe the company could fare better and maximize its profitability. Feel free to discuss any changes that you wish to see or can bring about, without harming existing employees or drastically altering its corporate culture.

Q-22: How would you point out to wrong decisions taken by your boss?

A: The answer is fairly simple. Say that you would meet your boss in total privacy, indicate the reason you are there and provide solid reasons why you believe a decision is wrong. That you would do it in a very positive manner, bereft of criticism and for better of the company.

Q-23: Are you a member of any organizations, clubs, political parties or trade unions?

A: Generally, companies are wary of hiring people with strong connections to political parties or are members of trade and labour unions. However, if you are a member or affiliated to such groups, it is best to disclose. Remember, it does not mar your chances of getting the job since such choices are generally considered personal and do not have any bearing upon the company.

Q-24: Are you willing to join us for this amount of salary?

A: This is purely your decision. We have no suggestions to offer. You need to base your decision upon your liabilities, monthly expenses and other costs. If you are jobless, the salary can prove a boon. You may wish to settle for less if offered a good designation or for better career prospect in a large corporation. However, the decision about your remuneration is at your sole discretion.

Q-25: Can you tell us something about the projects you are working on and plans of your current employer?

A: Avoid answering this question at all costs. It is tantamount to leaking information to a competitor. In any case, you should safeguard any sensitive information about your past or current employers. Say you cannot divulge this information since it would mean breach of trust of your former employer. An interviewer may ask you this question for two reasons: To assess your integrity as an employee or to gain some insider knowledge about a competitor. In both cases, never disclose such information.

Offbeat HR interview questions

Often, interviewers toss off-the-cuff questions at jobseekers. These HR questions during interview do not come under any specific topic and are unrelated to your educational qualifications or work experience. Instead, they are asked to judge your presence of mind, wit and quick thinking as well as problem solving abilities. Or they could be asked to test your general knowledge. A few such questions while are:

Q-1: How do you view the current political scenario of this country?

Q-2: What is your assessment of our national economy?

Q-3: Where would you go on a vacation?

Q-4: Can you describe an ideal spouse?

Q-5: How would you spend a million dollars won in lottery?

Q-6: Who are your favourite film stars and why?

Q-7: Would you return home if your dress got stained while going to work?

Q-8: Do you think you are too old for this type of a job?

Q-9: How many hours you spend on mobile, TV, Facebook etc?

Q-10: Can you describe your in-laws and their habits?

Q-11: How much money you need to become rich?

Q-12: If there is a fire in this building, what would you do?

Q-13: Can you describe your circle of friends?

Q-14: In your opinion, who is an ideal employer?

Q-15: How would you select the best employee for promotion or an award?

Q-16: What makes you jealous about your colleagues?

Q-17: Do you believe that life exists in outer space and why?

Q-18: How many days can you go without food and sleep?

Q-19: What goals you wish to fulfil before retirement?

Q-20: How would you invest this much amount of money and why?

Q-21: Which of your dreams you wish to see fulfilled?

Q-22: Do you believe in environmental protection?

Q-23: Can you drive a vehicle when drunk?

Q-24: How often do you pray?

Q-25: How important is money for you?

Above is the list of top offbeat hr interview questions for which u should be prepared before interview.

Useful tips

Firstly, never expect an interview to be easy. Unlike in the past, interviews nowadays do not focus only on your educational qualifications and skills. Interviewers are also trained to assess jobseekers upon their body language or non-verbal communications. They are quickly able to judge whether you are speaking the truth or pulling a tall one.

Furthermore, your confidence and demeanour during an interview also count. Over-confidence is harmful and diffidence is suicidal. Pre-interview stress and panic are common among jobseekers, especially those who are currently employed or were working earlier. Such stress and panic levels are lower in a fresher, who views an interview as an adventure of sorts. Prepare well for an interview by learning more about the prospective employer.

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Best & Latest Resume Format For Freshers in MS Word Free to Download

Applying for any job begins by sending an application letter and resume.

Indeed, these two distinct documents impart the first impression about a jobseeker to every recruiter. Well crafted and visual resume stands a better chance of being shortlisted, regardless of your skills and experience. Often this translates into an interview call.

Having a professional CV writer to draft your resume is fine but is oft expensive.

Common Resume Writing Mistakes

Several inadvertent mistakes and errors that are best avoided in a resume, especially when applying as fresher.

  • Use of archaic, flowery language.
  • Understating achievements.
  • Failure to highlight hobbies.
  • Lack of personalized touch. Meaning, your resume should read as though it is speaking to the reader.
  • Too much or very scant information on projects, internships, and experience.
  • Zero or negligible emphasis on extra-curricular activities and hobbies.

Thanks to the Internet, here you may find resume maker online or  you can free download simple resume format for fresher and sample resumes easily.

Best Resume Format For Freshers

For those with excellent writing skills, these Simple resume format for freshers in word file serve as a guideline while others can create a great one by simply filling in relevant details, sans altering the language.

Points to Check for Using this Resume Format for Fresher

Before you embark on drafting a resume, either with your skills or using a sample, here are some vital points to remember.

  • Include your job objective at the top. This is the key to a successful resume. Some recruiters judge jobseekers based solely on their stated clear career objective before reading further for qualifications.
  • Type in fonts that are reader-friendly. Employers do not prefer large, gaudy and hard to read fonts. Though they may appear great on the computer, their appearance can be different in print.
  • An ideal and best resume format for freshers should not exceed one-and-half A-4 size page unless merited by the number of achievements and projects.
  • Avoid clutter by writing too many words. Provide ample space between sections and use tabulation, where possible.
  • Run a spell-check for punctuation and grammatical error.
  • Never exaggerate or downplay your achievements.
  • Stop sending photocopies of your resume to save costs. Photocopied resumes impart a bad impression.
  • Do not speak about remuneration, if any, received during internship or project work, on your resume.
  • Ensure that information provided on your resume is valid and provable by an employer, should they decide to run an employee background check that is common nowadays.
  • As far as possible, try and avoid mentioning your references in your resume, unless the would-be employer has expressly demanded the information. Instead, you should mention that references can provide them upon request.

This helps you to select from the wide circle of your parents social circle who are best suited to the industry for which you are applying.

Multiple Resumes Advantages

The best way to apply for any job as fresher is to create multiple resumes. This can be done easily by downloading the latest resume format for freshers from the Internet and following the set pattern. This enables you to send a resume that best suits the profile of your applied job.

It is also important to note what document has an employer sought from job seekers: Curriculum Vitae (CV), Resume or Bio-Data. These are three distinct documents and serve different purposes.

A lot of companies that call for applications from fresher as well as experienced staff are unaware about what document to ask from jobseekers and hence, loosely use the word ‘Resume’.

However, others, especially larger corporations with highly professional human resources managers, will be very specific about the document they require from you along with the application letter.

It is therefore worthwhile to also download sample CVs and Bio-Data and create your own.

Happy Job Hunting

A great looking resume, CV or bio-data increases your chances of getting an interview call.

Psychological research worldwide proves job hunting is one of the most stressful experiences of life for everyone- fresher and experienced.

You can take some bite off this stress by sending an excellent resume that helps you at time of interview with HR and other managers. One way to assess your resume is, have it read by parents and if possible, by an HR manager.

In every probability, they may be able to point out areas where you can fare better by mentioning something you may have overlooked or missed.

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Unemployment in India: Unemployment Rate, its Types & Causes

Unemployment is of concern to every country, including India. Unemployment is not merely people without jobs: it defines economy of a nation and influences politics, crime and foreign relations.

Thankfully, there is a drop in unemployment in India over the last few years, due to various reasons.

Unemployment Definition

“What is Unemployment?” India is a signatory to the International Labor Organization, its various treaties, and conventions.

Hence, India also endorses ILO definition of unemployment. ILO and other international forums broadly define unemployment as:

“Persons of legally working age that is unable to find an activity for wages or profits despite a willingness to work and available on the job market.”

Understanding Unemployment Rates

Before studying unemployment rates in India, it is vital to remember points.

Unemployment rate in India

  • Unemployment is a major political issue. Hence, political parties attempt to cover up actual unemployment figures or bloat them disproportionately, to sway votes in their favor.
  • Astute reporting on unemployment rates in India is not possible because this is due to limited access and lack of technology in various states of India: while some province have world-class infrastructure while others lag far behind.
  • Certain types of self-employment are viewed as ‘unemployed’ in India by the general public. Further, some persons list themselves as ‘unemployed’ for tax evasion and get benefits from the state.

Unemployment Rate in India 2018

About 31 million or 3.8 percent of India’s population is unemployed, according to figures released for 2017 by World Bank.

However, International Labor Organization says the rate of unemployment in India is about 3.6 percent. In 2018, rate of unemployment in India is expected to stand around 3.8 percent.

This is due nearly 6.8 percent increase every month in the number of people that do not have jobs for any reason in 2018, says Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE).

Causes of Unemployment in India

Cause of unemployment in India, unlike other parts of the world, has several unique reasons. Thankfully, steps taken by the Indian government over the last four years is lowering unemployment rates, some causes continue to persist stubbornly.

Useless Educational Degrees

Holding useless educational degrees is the main cause of unemployment in India, according to Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry (ASSOCHAM).

For example, over 1.5 million Indian women and men graduate as engineers every year. Among these, 80 percent engineers are unemployable because they hold degrees acquired from ‘B’ and ‘C’ grade educational institutions including some ‘Deemed’ and ‘Private’ universities.

The same holds true for graduates of Master of Business Administration: only seven to eight percent graduates that hold degrees from top business schools find jobs.

In brief, their degrees exist only on papers while graduates possess no skills to match their qualifications and job market demands.

According to Ministry of Human Resources and Development, there were 819 universities of all types in India at the end of June 2017.

The figure could have marginally increased in 2018.

Reluctance to Relocate

Majority of Indians are unwilling to relocate within the country for employment purposes due to family ties and xenophobia.

Despite excellent job opportunities available in different states, a large number of qualified women and men do not wish to take jobs outside their town or city.

Indian women are biggest victims of this phobia to relocate. Archaic Indian traditions demand that a woman lives with her parents till she gets married.

In spite of modern trends, most Indian parents ardently hold fast to the idea that sending a daughter to work elsewhere can adversely impact their reputation, the woman’s character, and matrimonial prospects.

Some shift in this trend is evident among educated families living in metro cities.

Preference for Government Jobs

Traditionally, Indian women and men prefer employment jobs with the Central and state governments or Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).

Hence, they are unwilling to work for the private sector despite holding excellent academic qualifications. Excellent perks enjoyed by ‘government servants’ attracts most graduates to keep trying for state jobs rather than find gainful employment with the private sector.

Unfortunately, jobs with the Central and state government are considered as secure. Promotions and salary increments are handed on the basis of seniority instead of efficiency and competitiveness.

Unsuccessful candidates for government jobs eventually work for the private sector but get counted in the unemployment rate of India till they begin earning.

Stigmas and Caste System

The antiquated caste system of India places restrictions on women and men performing certain types of jobs.

For example, people from so called ‘higher’ caste will never take employment for roles that were traditionally performed by those from ‘lower’ caste.

Unfortunately, a lot of organizations in India tacitly enforce the caste system: while they willingly hire people from matching castes, they reject jobseekers from other communities as unsuitable for the job.

Further, the ‘Reservation’ system enforced by the government allotting quotas for underprivileged sections of the society also prevents people from ‘lower castes’ seeking employment in the private sector.

This increases the unemployment rate in India.

Gender Inequality in India

Stigmas are attached to women working as cabbies, auto-rickshaw drivers, bus conductors and other similar jobs that are traditionally viewed as a male domain. Consequently, thousands of Indian women go unemployed.

Despite recent strides by the Indian government to eradicate gender inequality in jobs, the problem persists.

For example, qualified and aspiring Indian women cannot take up several types of jobs in the Indian Armed Forces.

Nor does Indian Railways hire women ticket checkers for deploying on long-distance trains, though the system is now being changed.

Types of Unemployment in India

There are different types of unemployment in India that are similar to many other parts of the world. Understanding them is crucial to get an overall picture of unemployment in India.

Vulnerable Employment

Over 77 percent of Indian workforce consists of people holding vulnerable employment.

This means, people working informally, without proper job contracts and sans any legal protection. Vulnerable employment is the main type of unemployment in India.

Such employees work in poor conditions and have almost no rights. They do not earn much money.

Usually, persons with vulnerable employment are deemed ‘unemployed’ since records of their work are never maintained.

Disguised Unemployment

Put simply, disguised unemployment means or is a situation where a large number of unskilled and poverty-stricken people are hired for seasonal work for very low wages.

Hence, their records are not maintained and figure as ‘unemployed’. Disguised unemployment in India is rampant in the large agriculture, construction and unorganized hospitality sectors.

Disguised unemployment commonly found in rural areas of India, though some examples are also evident in large metros.

Structural Unemployment

Structural unemployment is also rampant in rural and urban India. It occurs because skills of a worker do not match requirements of an employer.

Structural unemployment also occurs sometimes because an economy cannot provide jobs to highly skilled workers.

Make in India initiative launched by the Indian government and influx of foreign companies that require highly skilled employees is causing structurally unemployed in India.

As discussed earlier, educational institutes are churning fresh graduates without skills matching their degrees.

Cyclical Unemployment

Thankfully, cyclical unemployment figures in India are negligible. Cyclical unemployment occurs when demand for a particular set of skills is lower among individual and industrial consumers.

Since India has a booming industrial base, there is a demand for almost every skill in this country.

Frictional Unemployment

Frictional unemployment rates are modest in India. Main cause of frictional unemployment in India remains the reluctance among people to relocate to other places to take jobs.

Insufficient knowledge about employment opportunities is also a contributory factor and can be blamed on adult illiteracy: a lot of people that are willing to relocate do not know where to go since they cannot read or write.

These type of unemployed people are called frictionally unemployed.

Seasonal Unemployment

This is another variant of Vulnerable, Disguised and Frictional unemployment categories. Seasonal unemployment occurs in India on account of extreme weather conditions making work impossible.

It also happens because some industries in India function seasonally- such as before festivals or elections and other occasions.

Addiction Unemployment

Sadly, addiction unemployment is a completely neglected sphere in India, unlike in other countries. As the term implies, this category of unemployment occurs when a skilled person cannot find work due to alcohol or drug addiction.

Addiction employment can be effectively curbed through proper rehabilitation of addicts. Yet, myths surrounding addictions is inhibiting eradication of this type of unemployment in India.

Accident and Chronic Sickness Unemployment

In India, nothing is being done to wipe out unemployment caused by accidents and chronic sickness. Employers shun skilled workers that sustain physical disabilities due to accidents or become chronically ill for any reason.

This forces them to live a life of penury and sometimes live on streets. Very limited resources are available for victims of accidents and chronic sicknesses to find employment in India.

Crime Related Unemployment

Developed countries have elaborate programs for rehabilitating former convicts of crimes into the mainstream society. In India, such programs are conspicuously lacking and at best, inadequate.

Crime-related unemployment is a very serious issue in India. Yet it lacks any serious attention from the government or NGOs.

Reformed criminals in India often find themselves unable to find suitable, well-paying jobs to restart life as responsible citizens, due to social stigmas. The situation often forces them back to crime.

Calamity Unemployment

Again, this type of unemployment is most neglected in India.

Calamity unemployment occurs when people from one region are forced to migrate to another geographical location due to natural or human-made disaster.

Consequently, they cannot find jobs and are forced to eke existence as beggars. This situation affects people with limited skills. Floods, droughts, earthquakes, landslides, terrorism, and insurgency cause people to move away from their native land.

They sacrifice their jobs in favor of safety and security for family and self. Yet, they are unable to find employment in other areas of the country.

Though all these types of unemployment in India are common, future projections appear quite healthy for the country’s prospective and aspiring workers.

Future of Unemployment in India

India’s unemployment rates compare well with most developed and developing countries. A lot of people remain voluntarily unemployed.

The figure of 3.6 percent to 3.8 percent unemployment among the working age group is expected to drop drastically by the year 2020.

  • Skill India: The Indian government’s Skill India program will provide vocational skills to over 400 million women and men in different sectors of importance to the national economy. Skill India courses are also designed for manpower export from this country, meaning several Indians will find jobs and have excellent income with skill India abroad.
  • Industrial Boom: Indian industry is on the upswing, thanks to political stability and consistent increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This will translate as 160 million to 170 million new jobs by the year 2020, a joint study by ASSOCHAM and Thought Arbitrage found. Tourism, infrastructure, food processing, logistics, e-commerce and various other sectors will emerge as large employers in India, according to projections.

Unemployment Related Crime

Unemployment is the main cause of major and minor crime in India. It is also the single largest contributor towards suicide, after failed relationships.

Data from various sources indicate, migrants to other states take to crime after failing to find suitable employment.

While some engage in petty offenses such as stealing money and stuff to buy food and other needs, others enter organized gangs with the hope of striking rich fast.

Final Thoughts

There are various figures of unemployment in India. ILO and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) pegs India’s unemployment figure at 3.4 percent.

Interestingly, the US Central Intelligence Agency World Fact Book estimates India’s unemployment rate at 8.80 percent.

However, the CIA figure also includes substantial underemployment or people that do not have jobs matching their skills and part-time workers.

Unemployment is a major threat to every economy, including India. Rapid industrialization and increasing self-employment opportunities are reducing unemployment in India to some extent.

However, unemployment in India caused by factors such as gender inequality, reluctance to relocate and useless educa

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Philosophical questions that need to know for your information

Philosophical questions about human nature and the human condition

What harsh truths do you prefer to ignore?

Is free will real or just an illusion?

Is there a meaning to life? If so, what is it?

Is the meaning of life the same for animals and humans?

Where is the line between art and not art?

If someone you loved was killed in front of you, but someone created a copy of them that was perfect right down to the atomic level, would they be the same person and would you love them just as much?

Does fate exist? If so, do we have free will?

What does it mean to live a good life?

Why do we dream?

Is it possible to live a normal life and not ever tell a lie?

Does a person’s name influence the person they become?

What should be the goal of humanity?

If you could become immortal on the condition you would NEVER be able to die or kill yourself, would you choose immortality?

How will humans as a species go extinct?

What actions in your life will have the longest reaching consequences? How long will those effects be felt?

How long will you be remembered after you die?

If a child somehow survived and grew up in the wilderness without any human contact, how “human” would they be without the influence of society and culture?

Where does your self-worth come from?

How would humanity change if all humans’ life expectancy was significantly increased (let’s say to around 500 years)?

Where do you find meaning in your life?

What do you think would be humanity’s reaction to the discovery of extraterrestrial life?

Will religion ever become obsolete?

If you could teach everyone in the world one concept, what concept would have the biggest positive impact on humanity?

Is suffering a necessary part of the human condition? What would people who never suffered be like?

Does hardship make a person stronger? If so, under what conditions and at what point is it too much hardship? If not, what makes a person stronger?

Would things get better or worse if humans focused on what was going well rather than what’s going wrong?

What benefits does art provide society? Does art hurt society in any way?

Some art

How likely do you think it will be that humans will last another 1,000 years without killing ourselves off?

What do you attribute the biggest successes in your life to? How about your largest failures?

If freedom is simply being able to do what you want, are animals freer than humans?

Would you want to know you are going to die before hand or die suddenly without warning?

Is humanity headed in the right or wrong direction?

Does the study of philosophy ever lead to answers or simply more questions?

What is the best way for a person to attain happiness?

If you had to guess, what do you think would be the most likely way you’ll die?

Is it better for a person to have a broad knowledge base or a deep knowledge base?

What is the best way to train people to see the gradients in the world around them instead of just a simplistic “this is good, that is wrong” view of the world?

Is intelligence or wisdom more useful?

Which of your beliefs are justified and which ones aren’t?

What do you contribute back to society?

What are you going to do with the one life you have?

Is it more important to help yourself, help your family, help your society, or help the world?

What life-altering things should every human ideally get to experience at least once in their lives?

What is the most important goal every person should have?

Is it better to be a big fish in a small pond or a small fish in a big pond?

What are you capable of achieving?

By what standards do you judge yourself?

Can human nature be changed? Should it be changed?

How replaceable are you?

Why don’t we as a species take more advantage of the fact that we have almost infinite knowledge available to us?

What two questions would you ask to get the most information about who a person truly is?

Some people believe that if life has no purpose, then there is no reason for living. While others think that if life has no purpose, that frees a person to find/create and follow their own personal purpose. Which is a more valid point of view or are they both equally valid?

Does absolute power corrupt absolutely?

Why do we judge ourselves by our intentions but judge others by their actions?

What activities cause you to feel like you are living life to the fullest?

Does knowledge have intrinsic value or does it need to have a practical use to have value?

What would you genetically change about humans to make them a better species?

How important is play in living a healthy and fulfilling life?

Where do you think is the most worthwhile place to find meaning in life? Work, family, hobby, religion, philosophy, helping others, all the small miracles, or something else entirely?

What is the biggest waste of human potential?

Is a life that focuses on avoiding pain and seeking out pleasure a good and worthwhile life? Why or why not?

Does jealously have value in driving humans to improve themselves or is it a purely negative emotion?

What percentage of your life do you feel truly alive? When do you feel that way? How can you feel that way more often?

What do you think your future self will remember about you now?

“Know thyself” is an ancient concept going back much further than Socrates and is at the root of much of philosophy. With that in mind, what are the most important things to learn about one’s self or is all self-knowledge equal?

Philosophical questions about the universe and reality

Philosophical questions about the universe and reality

What do you think existed before the universe was created?

Is math something that humans created or something we discovered? Is looking at reality mathematically an accurate representation of how things work?

Is it possible for a human to fathom the true depths of reality and existence?

If the universe is finite, what would beyond the edge of the universe be like?

What is the best path to find truth; science, math, art, philosophy, or something else?

As more and more is being discovered about quantum physics, we become less and less able to comprehend the nature of reality. Is this something temporary and our minds will adapt and begin to understand this new reality or is it possible that the human mind will soon reach its limits of comprehension? If it’s only temporary, is there is a limit to what the human mind can comprehend? If we are reaching our limits, how do we continue to study our reality?

Is there inherent order in nature or is it all chaos and chance?

What in life is truly objective and not subjective?

There has always been something. Before there was something, there was only nothing. Which do you think is more likely?

Philosophical questions about the human mind, consciousness, and intelligence

Philosophical questions about the human mind, consciousness, and intelligence
Is happiness just chemicals flowing through your brain or something more?

Why are humans so susceptible to magical thinking?

If every neuron in a human was accurately simulated in a computer, would it result in human consciousness?

Is it possible that some animals are self-aware and think about their ability to think?

How do you define consciousness?

Is it possible to prove that other people besides yourself have consciousness?

How conscious do you think animals are?

Assuming evolution is correct, do you think that if humans went extinct another species as intelligent as humans would evolve? If life exists long enough on a planet, is intelligence and consciousness inevitable?

Would it be more frightening to discover that humans are the most advanced species in the universe or that we are far from being the most advanced species in the universe?

How would you define genius?

There is zero chance that ALL your firmly and dearly held beliefs are true. So, which of your beliefs are most likely to be wrong and which are most liable to be true?

How much does language affect our thinking?

Why are humans so confident in beliefs that can’t be proven?

If all your memories were erased, what kind of person would you be?

Why do humans have such a strong urge to distract ourselves from the real world?

What is the benefit of consciousness from an evolutionary stand point?

Is the concept of “you” continuous or does past “you” continually fade into present and future “you”? In other words, what part of “you” sticks around over time considering that the atoms that make up your body are constantly being replaced and your memories are always changing?

Is it possible that someone’s genes might affect their political leanings? If no, why not? If so, what would be the ramifications?

Can rational thought exist without language?

Would selectively breeding an animal such as a dog based on intelligence, increase its intelligence over time? If so, how intelligent could dogs become? If not, how does intelligence emerge in a species?

Are there limits to human creativity?

Why do we resist doing things that we know are good for our well-being while craving things that are detrimental to our well-being?

Is it be possible for humans to create something completely novel and new that is based on nothing that previously existed? Or is human creativity just rearranging and building on previous ideas?

If there existed a perfect clone of you, would it also be you? Would it act in exactly the same manner as you (like a mirror) or would it act differently? If it acted differently then would it still be you? At what point would it not be you?

Would you be able to tell if time had been altered in some way?

Your perception of the world is just what your brain constructs for you from the signals sent by your senses. Plus, there is a slight delay, so you aren’t even experiencing the simulation in real time. What would it be like if humans could perceive what the world is actually like and do it in real time? Also, what are the ramifications of every single person’s reality being a little different and unique to them?

If language influences how we perceive color, what other things could languages be changing our perception of?

Is a sense of humor a byproduct of consciousness or something else entirely?

Are intelligence and happiness tied together in any way? If you are highly intelligent, is it more likely that you’ll be more, or less happy?

Human memory has been shown to be incredibly unreliable. With that in mind, how do you know which of your memories are genuine and which have been altered or made up?

Different people and different organisms perceive reality in vastly different ways. With that in mind, what is real and what is just our perception of reality? Or does every organism live in its own personal reality?

Ethics and morality philosophical questions

Philosophical questions about ethics and morality

When, if ever, is taking a human life justified?

Can animals have morals?

Without religion would people become more, less, or be equally morally corrupt?

If humanity was put on trial by an advanced race of aliens, how would you defend humanity and argue for its continued existence?

What rights does every human have? Do those rights change based on age?

Do animals have rights and do those rights extend to all animals or do the rights change based on the complexity of the animal?

Is justice a human construct or is it independent of humans?

Why do people expect a universe full of randomness to be fair?

With no laws or rules to influence your behavior, how do you think you would behave?

What’s the difference between justice and revenge?

If it was discovered that personality traits were partly genetic and could be removed with gene therapy, would it be ethical to edit out negative character traits that harm others like extreme aggression, compulsive lying, or cruelty?

If you could press a button and receive a million dollars, but one stranger would die, would you press the button? And if so, how many times?

What would be the most ethical way to give away five million dollars?

Are people ethically obligated to improve themselves?

Is privacy a right?

At what point is overthrowing a government ethical, considering all the violence a revolution usually entails?

Can morality ever be objective or is it always subjective? If it can be objective, in what instances? If it’s always subjective, how do we decide whose concept of morality is correct?

Are intentions or outcomes more important when judging whether actions are moral?

Should there be limitations on the right to free speech?

If it was discovered that most animals were conscious of their existence and eventual death, what would be the ramifications of that discovery?

Should euthanasia be legal? Why or why not?

If scientists could accurately predict who was more likely to commit crimes, what should society do with that information?

Do business owners have the right to refuse service to customers?

If babies are considered innocent, when do people cease to be innocent?

Why do humans often associate beauty with morality?

If you can save another’s life and don’t because doing so would break the law, are you ethically justified in your decision?

Are all individuals morally obligated to save another person’s life if they are able? What if that person lives in another country?

Is it just and right to deny entry to a country when doing so probably means death for the immigrant and their family?

Should we terraform planets if it means that we may be destroying undiscovered microscopic alien life?

Does anonymity encourage people to misbehave or does it reveal how people would choose to act all the time if they could?

What is the most fertile soil for hatred? Fear, ignorance, jealousy, or something else entirely? Is it possible that some people are genetically predisposed to hatred?

If doing something good for others makes us feel good, can there ever be such a thing as pure altruism?

What is your definition of evil?

Do all people have equal value regardless of their actions or is a person’s value based on their actions?

Why are humans so fascinated by mass murderers if their actions are universally considered evil and vile?

As people, we feel our moral obligation weaken with physical as well as emotional distance from individuals in need. For example, you’re more likely to help someone dying of hunger at your feet than someone dying of hunger in another country. How does this human trait of morality dependent on distance shape our world?

If I steal a loaf of bread from you and eat it, when does the bread itself cease to be yours and becomes mine?

How much effort should an individual put into not offending others?

Philosophical questions about society and government

Philosophical questions about society and government

If you could start a country from scratch, what would it be like?

Would a government run with algorithms, A.I., and statistics be better or worse than the government we have now?

Would the world be a better or worse place if everyone looked the same?

What causes the most harm in the world, but is completely avoidable?

How far should governments go to prevent its citizens from causing harm to themselves?

Do people in wealthier countries have a moral obligation to help those in poorer countries?

What should the role of a government be, what boundaries and limitations should it have?

Is poverty in society inevitable?

How should we measure the productivity of a society?

What would a utopia be like, how would it function and continue to exist?

Do you think there will ever be a global government? If a world government did come to power, assuming it wasn’t particularly cruel or evil, would it be a good or bad thing?

What is the biggest threat to the social contract in our country?

Is it more or less difficult to be successful in the modern world than it was in the past (10, 50, 100, or 1,000 years ago)?

Could societies exist without a way to transfer value (i.e. without money or a barter system)?

What would happen if a maximum income of was implemented?

What will the economy of wealthy countries look like in 50 to 100 years?

What do you think the long-term effects of so many people being glued to their screens will be?

If all humans want the same basic things, why is there so much violence and strife between people?

Is the human tendency to create groups an overall positive or a negative trait in terms of general human flourishing?

What would happen to a society in which no one had to work, and everyone was provided enough food/water/shelter/healthcare for free?

Is the cultural trend of individualism and the rejection of collectivism a beneficial or detrimental trend?

Considering that the technology exists to enable a real democracy, would a true democracy (every single person can vote on every single legislation) be advantageous or detrimental?

If everyone said what they were actually thinking, what would happen to society?

What are the benefits and drawbacks of diversity in society?

Under our government are there any rights that you have but shouldn’t? How about rights you don’t have but should?

What is the most important right our government allows for?

Has social media been a net positive or a net negative for our society? Why?

How would society change if men were able to get pregnant and men and women both had an equal chance of getting pregnant?

Why have many societies begun to place such a high value on emotions and being emotional?

Is it right or wrong that everyone seems to be accustomed to the fact that all of humanity and most of the life on Earth could be wiped out at the whim of a handful of people?

In an ideal government, what should a good citizen provide to their government and what should that government provide that good citizen?

Should tax payers have the option to explicitly say what they don’t want their tax dollars spent on?

Can a society exist without laws?

Will humanity ever be able to escape tribalism and the creation of in and out groups? Should it?

How much privacy are you willing to sacrifice for safety?

How would the world change if there was an accurate measure of aptitude?

Is hierarchy necessary for all successful human communities?

Is some degree of censorship necessary?

What are the biggest moral dilemmas your country is facing now?

Was the agricultural revolution and the explosion of civilizations that came from it an overall good thing for humans or a negative? In other words, would it have been better or worse for people to stay in small tribes?

What will be/are some of the by-products to society of everyone having the ability to take pictures or a video at any time?

Does marriage as an institution need to be updated or is it fine how it is?

If you were given the ability to reform how your country’s leaders were chosen and how they serve, what would you change?

Philosophical questions about science and technology

Philosophical questions about science and technology

At what point is a technologically enhanced human not a human anymore?

Does the modern age make global conspiracies more or less feasible?

Is technological advancement a net positive or a net negative?

Is technological progress inevitable as long as humans exist or can it be stopped?

Is true artificial intelligence possible with our current technology and methods of programming?

What scientific breakthrough would have the biggest effect on humanity?

Why did technology progress more slowly in the past than it does now?

Will we keep leaping to even greater technological and scientific breakthroughs that radically change society, or will the rate of progress slow and humanity’s progress be limited to incremental improvements?

If a robust and cheap genetic engineering industry existed, would you have your genes edited? If so, what genetic changes would you choose to make? If not, why not?

Assume that in the future there will be huge leaps in human augmentation. Given a scale from completely human to completely machine, how far would you choose to augment yourself with robotics? What parts would you augment and why?

If the transporters in Star Trek existed and you used it, your particles would be disassembled and then reassembled, do you die every single time? Are you ever alive at two places at once? Are you ever completely dead?

Should full access to the internet be a fundamental human right?

Has the invention of the atomic bomb made the world a more peaceful place?

Do you think the singularity will occur? If so, what time frame do you think it will happen in?

If emotions are the product of biochemical reactions, then in the future we will be theoretically able to control them. If we could control emotions through technology, should we?

Is there a limit to what humans can create through technology and science?

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Top 9 Websites to earn money by writing reviews

If you are a shopping junkie then we got something very special for you today. There are lots of ways to make money online but most of them are really dull and boring. So after sometimes most of the people stop using that method.

However, there are a few ways which are creative enough to keep you going for long and one such way is writing reviews.

You write your experience about products which you have used and get paid for it. And the best thing is that you can be completely honest while writing such reviews.

This is great for people who love shopping, you can shop as much as you want and use those products. Once you are bored with them, you can write about them, get paid, and then buy new things from that money to restart this cycle.

That why today we have brought you a list of top nine websites to earn money by writing reviews.

Earn money by writing reviews

1. Review Stream

Review Stream is one of the most popular paid review websites when it comes to multiple product categories.

You can choose from categories like software, electronics, hotels, restaurants, books, clothes and more. I won’t have to mention that with all these categories, there are thousands of different products to choose from for writing a review.

2. Software Judge

You are going to like this one If you are a tech geek like me. Software Judge allows you to write reviews on different software and you get paid for it.software-judge

You can earn $1 per review and a maximum of $50 if your review is chosen by the editors.

There are thousands of software to choose from so there are plenty of chances to find your favorite apps on the list.

However, the only problem is that the site allows you to write only 3 reviews per day meaning you can only earn a limited amount of money per month.

join softwarejudge

3. Shared Reviews

If you like browsing social networking websites then you will definitely like Shared Reviews. There are more than 400 different products to choose from for writing reviews.

The website shares 50% of its revenue with users so there is no fixed amount you can earn. What separates them from other review websites is that when you vote on any other review, then you also get paid for it.

shared-review

Meaning you not only earn from writing reviews by yourself but by reading other people’s opinion as well.

join sharedreviews

4. Sponsored reviews

This one is a little different from the other review websites mentioned here. It’s for people who has established blogs and are looking to make a good amount of money from a single review.

sponsoredreviews

Sponsored helps you to find paid review opportunities. You write a review about any product on your website, and you link the web page of that product on your review. You can earn somewhere from $50-$500 per review

 

5. Ciao

Ciao is one of the most famous paid survey websites which also pay its users for writing reviews on various products.

There are some unique categories for writing reviews like travel destinations and recipes which are not available on any other paid review websites. Other categories include beauty products, books, electronics, entertainment, food, and household products.ciao

There are no fix payments for writing a review and you are paid according to the ratings given by other users on your review. The payment threshold is quite low as you only need to reach £5 for requesting a payment.

join ciao

6. Dooyoo

Dooyoo is a website which cares for real reviews rather than people who are ready to write reviews on any product without using it. There are plenty of rarely found categories like Audio and Computer among others to write reviews.

However you don’t directly earn money from Dooyoo, instead, you get DooyooMiles for writing each review which can be turned into cash or vouchers later.dooyoo

Something which we really appreciated is the fact that you can also donate your income to any of the charities you choose. You also get extra reward points (or DooyooMiles ) whenever someone reads your review.

join dooyoo

7. User testing

If surfing new websites is your passion, then User testing is a heaven for you. You’ll have to browse different websites for 10-20 minutes giving your views. You’ll have to test the site on the basis of friendliness, load time, ease of navigation etc.

A tester is paid $10 for every such review which is a very good amount. However, you’ll need to be really creative for joining User testing as you’ll not only have to make a video of browsing those websites but speak throughout about the site as well.user-testing

Another thing is that you’ll need to get approved as a website tester before start reviewing. You’ll need to review a dummy website first while submitting your application. The site owners will see your application and you can start making money once you are accepted as a tester.

join usertesting

8. Epinions

Epinioms (or E-Opinions ) is another great website for both writing reviews and checking them. They care more about getting honest reviews instead of just spam reviews.

epinions

That’s why, you don’t get paid for writing reviews instantly, instead your account is credited every time a customer clicks on your review. This is a great feature for people who write real and creative reviews but remain unnoticed.

join epinions

9. Gen Video

Do you like making videos? Then why do it for free? Gen Video is a website which focuses on Video-based reviews rather than written reviews.

You make video reviews about the given project and get paid for it. However, you’ll need to be a good speaker to create video reviews and make money.

gen-video

A great feature of the website is that they also offer referral commission meaning you can encourage your friends and family to join the site as well while making money from it. You can also take paid surveys to earn some extra bucks.

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Learn Conversational Spanish: A Simple Guide
Young Woman Holding Digital Tablet Asking Do You Speak Spanish

Spanish is the second most spoken language in the world.

It serves as the native tongue to one out of every twenty people on Earth.

And research shows that Spanish is much more likely to become spoken by more people over time: not less. It is predicted that by 2050, the United States could be the largest Spanish speaking country on Earth.

Have you ever thought about learning Spanish? Even if it was just to learn conversational Spanish?

It could help you in many ways and can be done with a lot more ease than you think.

Get Access to Learn Conversational Spanish

The Internet has made things so much easier for us over the years.

This includes how easy it has made our ability to access information.

For starters, you can discover more phrases and sentences simply by Googling for websites. There are countless websites to choose from.

Another great way to learn conversational Spanish is through video sharing sites like YouTube. They make videos for people at all skill levels, and you could even start with videos made for children if that was the comfort level you wanted to start from.

I have one word for you: MOOCs.

MOOCs are Massive Open Online Courses that are free or very cheap to the public. Websites like Khan Academy, Coursera, Academic Earth, Stanford Online, and many others offer free foreign language courses all year long.

You can also just go on your phone and download apps like DuoLingo for free, and trade in your Candy Crush time for some conversational foreign language (that still plays like a game).

It Opens Up Doors that You Wouldn’t Expect

When you learn a new language, even if you just learn it at a conversational level, you could be doing yourself a great financial service.

The fastest growing job skill to have on your resume is being multilingual: even if it is just at a base level, you knowing some of a language, gives you a huge advantage over other people in the job market.

Maybe you want to try a new career path completely relating to language.

But maybe you are happy with your current job, and if so, that is great too!

Learning conversational Spanish could help you make a little extra dough by picking up internet gigs such as tutoring online.

Many foreign countries are paying for online English tutors, and this includes Spanish speaking places. If you need some extra money and learn conversational Spanish at least at a base level, this could increase your chances of getting jobs people who only strictly speak English could not.

Learning Spanish Could Make Traveling A Lot Easier and A Lot Brighter

If you enjoy traveling, it is considered polite in most cultures to at least try and speak the native language of the location.

Spanish is the official language of: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, and Venezuela, or about one out of every ten countries in the world.

So, chances are, if you want to do some vacationing, you may end up going to a place where your Spanish may come in handy.

Repeat this to yourself: I want to learn conversational Spanish, but it is ok if I am not perfect. I want to learn conversational Spanish, but it is ok if I am not perfect.

In most places around the world, people just appreciate your efforts and that you are trying to speak to them in their native tongue.

You’d be surprised how many people speak English when you travel around the world, but do not rely on that.

Start with Spanish and go from there.

Connect With Your Neighbors

Over 10% of American citizens’ first language is Spanish, and it is projected that the number will be closer to 15% by 2020.

So, if you live in a city where there is a Spanish speaking population: why not try talking to some of your neighbors?

Not only can it be comforting to them [if you have ever been to a foreign country, you know the comfort of hearing someone speaking your native language (even if it is broken)], but it also allows you to practice.

Learning to speak conversational Spanish would allow you to connect with more people from your community.

And who knows? Maybe you could find someone to give English lessons to in trade for some Spanish ones.

Learning Conversational Spanish Expands Your Entertainment Options

Learning even the most basic Spanish could help you broaden your options when it comes to what there is to watch on television.

Here in the United States, there are tons of television channels in Spanish.

Tragic love stories, horror movies, intense soccer games? You could watch them all, and with the most basic understanding, pick up on a lot of whats happening.

Another benefit that comes from this is that when you watch television in a foreign language, your brain tends to remember the phrases you already know better, and it can also help you pick up on new words and phrases as well.

It Can Make You Better at English

When you are learning a new language, you have to pay attention to things you do not pay much attention to in your first language.

When you have to think more in-depth about a second language and “its rules,” it makes you think more about English on a linguistic level.

Because you have to pay attention to things like syntax and grammar during translation between the two, it can help you build different sentence structures, and look at your own language through new eyes.

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4 Tips for Creating a Viral Facebook Post
hashtag man use Social Media Blog Post computer and chat

So you want to go viral. It could be for future fame, financial gain, or because you really believe in your message.

All three desires are worth their own merit and can be the driving force behind your viral Facebook post. And all three can be a reality for you if you follow these tips!

Read on to figure out how to use Facebook to your advantage and get your name or message out to the masses.

1. Creating a Viral Facebook Post: The Hook

You can’t have a viral Facebook post without a topic. The topic and how it’s worded is going to be the “hook” that catches your readers. If the information is not of interest to them, they will keep on scrolling, looking for something better.

The title of your post, or the linked image, will be the first thing your audience sees and notices. Creativity, humor, or shock value matter.

The reader’s first taste of the article or post should be relevant to them and give them a taste of what they may be in for when they begin to read. Many people are not going to become engaged in an article that doesn’t interest them in some way. This means they likely won’t share it, hindering the likelihood of a viral post.

2. Images Are Your Friend

Images and infographics are also another great tool. Something visually pleasing and related to your article will entice the reader to share this great article or piece of information they’ve found.

Using visually pleasing components in your post will allow for the reader to remember what you say and take away some cool statistics or information. When information is paired with memorable images, the likelihood of the reader retaining the facts increases.

When posting to your own page, Facebook covers are equally important. These photos will draw the eye into your page and make people curious as to what you have to say.

3. Be Clear and Concise

Regardless of what age your main audience is, it’s no secret that the age of computers and smartphones has shortened the attention span of most readers.

When composing a post that you want to be shared over and over again, keep this in mind. Unless doing in-depth research, people are not going to be engaged in an extremely lengthy article.

They want facts and bullet points, and easy to read information. Don’t dumb it down too much, but keep in mind the vocabulary you use, as well as the topic at hand.

4. Ask and You’ll Receive

If you find that you’re still having a hard time getting your information or post out there to the masses, it might be time too take a look at social media influencers.

There are a couple ways to go about using these accounts that have tons of followers, but the easiest two are going to be joining in relevant conversations, or flat out asking for a mention of a quote.

Just being able to associate your post with this type of account should drive traffic and shares.

The Line & Sinker

Overall, creating a viral Facebook post isn’t incredibly hard. But it does require a good bit of thought and effort.

The other component is somewhat luck of the draw, but if you include these tips in your next attempt to go viral, you may just have some of that good luck.

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6 Tips for Getting into the Fashion Business

Did you know that fashion designers make anywhere from $44,000 to $80,000 annually? There’s stiff competition in the fashion business.

But, if you’re determined to start a clothing brand, it’s worth the fight. If your brand goes global, that salary could be a lot bigger.

If you’re ready to get into the fashion business, take a look at these six tips.

Vegas, California or New York

If you’re in the United States, the major fashion capitals are New York, New York, Las Vegas, Nevada, and Los Angeles, California.

Outside the U.S., Paris, France, and Milan, Italy held the top spots for many years. In 2017, New York City beat out all the fashion capitals for the top spot.

If you’re dreaming of breaking into fashion, it’s best to be in one of the major fashion cities.

Fashion Business

Fashion is fun, but first, it’s a business. To build a successful business, think like any other entrepreneur.

Study the fashion industry and understand how it works.

Write out a business plan that includes short, medium, and long-term goals. Be clear about your goals with investors and buyers.

Raise start-up cash through investors. Understand funding and financing. This is important because you’ll spend lots of money before you’ll make any.

Visual Communication

In today’s world of social media, know how to communicate your design brand visually. Don’t spread yourself too thin.

Start with one product line and build from there. While it’s good to grow as a brand, it’s important to know your style. With social media, it’s imperative to get the best photos.

Take up-close detail shots of buttons, zippers, and hooks. Make sure your label shows. Include details of the seams and lining, as well as any emblems.

If you don’t know photography, hire a professional.

Know Your Target Market

Be clear about your brand and who it’s designed for. Don’t try to be all things to all people. Carve a clear niche and market accordingly.

If you know your why and who, you’ll have a better chance of success. Don’t take this industry on unless you’re passionate about your designs.

But, if you believe you have something unusual and valuable to offer, pursue your goals despite the obstacles.

Understand Production

Visit the manufacturers personally. Understand how production works. In the beginning, you’ll order small quantities which means you’ll pay higher production costs.

You’ll pay the manufacturer long before you see any money come in from sales. This part is tough for first-time fashion designers. Hang in there!

Selling and Distributing

Find your distribution channel.

Put yourself in front of buyers and explain why your designs will sell. This is where knowing your target market helps.

Find the buyers who sell to your target audience. Study your competition and know what sells. Then see how your styles compare to what’s popular.

Buy products from sites like ssense.com and pay attention to the quality and style.

Go for It!

Once you’ve done the legwork and understand the business, you’re ready to sell your brand.

The fashion business is tough, like any business. It takes passion, hard work, and perseverance, but it can be done.

If fashion is your dream, make it happen! Is your fashion business ready for the start-up phase? Let us know!

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Art of Listening & Leadership – Bill Clinton Shows the Way

I attended a two days “Leaders in London” Conference end of last year. The speakers’ line-up was impressive. Tuesday started with Mr Mikhail Gorbachiv (in person), Professor Marvin Zonis, Alan Leighton, Terence Conran, Lou Gerstner, Professor Clayton Christensen of Harvard and many others including the one and only Bill Clinton (live via Satellite).

On the Art Of Listening and Leadership – “Something I have been trying to learn for the last 25 years” I want to share with you the lesson and the leadership by example that Bill Clinton tough us all in the conference on the art of listening.

After he made his speech, he started taking questions. I asked one too, the President and the audience were visibly amused by my name especially after assuring them that “I am the nice one”.

Among the attendees there was a lady who didn’t speak good English and earlier in the day when she was given the microphone to ask a question, she went on and on for 5 minutes and no one understood what she was trying to ask or say and we all laughed. When it came to Clinton question time, she raised her hand again to ask a question, the moderator warned her to be quick and to the point. The lady took the Microphone and started to rumble on and on. Again it seemed that no one understood what she was saying, people started to laugh, boo, clap their hand for her to stop. After a few minutes of this saga the moderator cut her microphone off and gave the question time to someone else. People were cheering his decision to move on, after all no one wanted to be embarrassed in front off the great president.

While all this saga was taking place and all of us laughing and disapproving of this behaviour from the lady, only one person was NOT laughing, Bill Clinton. In fact he leaned forward to the camera and put his hand on his ears and focused intently and seriously. 30 minutes passed while he answered a few other questions from the audience and when the time came to close, he said very politely; Wait Rene, before you close… Earlier on a lady asked me a long question and I would like to talk about that for a minute.

The hall dropped into silence, he continued by saying, in fact the lady made a very important point, and he went on to summarize her point which was about families in the developing world (none of the audience knew that), and he asked to be allowed to answer this important question, which he himself put together from her scattered little stories before we the audience interrupted and stopped her.

Now I began to understand at the hands of the guru of leadership and listening in practice and what he was trying to teach by his actions. When we JUDGE any one or any thing, we stop listening. It seems that the act of judgment trigger some chemicals in our ears that physically stops us from listening. Pre-judgment seems to be the mother of all sins on this planet. There seems to be no other solution to world problems but the forgotten art of listening and stopping judgement. This is what I learned that day and I hope it stays with me forever.

This was also an impressive performance by a world leader who is not only very intelligent but also listens very seriously to what people are saying.

I will never forget this incident which taught me a lot about leadership and what listening is all about and here I am humbly sharing my experience with you hoping that it adds a little to our understanding of the Art of listening.

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