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Facebook Boss, Zuckerberg Apologises In Newspaper Adverts
March 26, 2018
0

A man reads a full-page advertisement, taken out by Mark Zuckerberg, the chairman and chief executive officer of Facebook to apologise for the large-scale leak of personal data from the social network, on the back page of a newspaper, in Ripon, England on March 25, 2018.
Oli SCARFF / AFP

Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg took out full-page ads in nine major British and US newspapers on Sunday to apologise for a huge data privacy scandal.

“We have a responsibility to protect your information. If we can’t we don’t deserve it,” he said.

The ads ran in prominent positions in six British nationals, including the best-selling Mail on Sunday, The Sunday Times and The Observer — which helped break the story — as well as the New York Times, Washington Post and the Wall Street Journal.

Zuckerberg explained there was a quiz developed by a university researcher “that leaked Facebook data of millions of people in 2014”.

“This was a breach of trust, and I’m sorry we didn’t do more at the time. We’re now taking steps to make sure this doesn’t happen again,” he said.

The ad reflects public statements Zuckerberg made last week after the row prompted investigations in Europe and the United States, and sent Facebook’s share price plunging.

He repeated that the social media giant had changed the rules on apps so no such data breach could happen again.

“We’re also investigating every single app that had access to large amounts of data before we fixed this. We expect there are others,” he wrote.

“And when we find them, we will ban them and tell everyone affected.”

There was no mention of the British firm accused of using the data, Cambridge Analytica, which worked on US President Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign.

It too has blamed the University of Cambridge researcher Alexsandr Kogan, for any potential breach of data rules

Kogan created a lifestyle quiz app for Facebook which was downloaded by 270,000 people but allowed access to tens of millions of their contacts.

Facebook says he passed this to Cambridge Analytica without its knowledge. Kogan says he is being made a scapegoat.

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Google Boosts Efforts To Help News Organisations, with $300m
March 23, 2018
0

Google on Tuesday launched a new initiative, committing $300 million to help news publishers get more paid subscribers while stemming the flow of misinformation. 

The internet giant described the Google News Initiative as part of an “effort to help journalism thrive in the digital age.”

The announcement in New York followed a series of commitments to help the troubled sector by Google, which has been accused by some in the news industry of sapping revenues from the digital ecosystem.

“I have always believed that the future of Google and the future of our publishing partners were linked,”Google chief business officer Philipp Schindler said in announcing the initiative.

“If you are not successful, we are not successful.”

Google will enable its users to subscribe to news sites in as little as two clicks through their Google accounts and will step up efforts to help news organizations add paying subscribers.

The initiative was developed with some 60 media partners including the Washington Post, Financial Times, French-based Le Figaro, Brazil’s Grupo Globo and Italy’s La Republica.

Objectives outlined by the initiative included raising the quality of journalism; strengthening business models of publishers, and helping news organizations capitalize on technological innovations.

Google has worked with the news industry for years, with moves ranging from getting pages to load faster on smartphones and making a YouTube player for publishers to creating a lab for newsroom training and a Digital News Initiative in Europe.

“We invested a lot time and energy in these collaborations,” Schindler said.

“But the hard truth is — all of this might not be enough. It’s becoming increasingly difficult to distinguish what’s true and what’s not online.”

The Google News Initiative is intended to consolidate the technology firm’s efforts to support journalism, according to Schindler.

Google systems are being trained to recognize breaking news situations and adjust to give more weight to authoritative content as part of the initiative.

“Bad actors often target breaking news on Google platforms, increasing the likelihood that people are exposed to inaccurate content,” Schindler said.

Google is also launching a lab devoted to finding ways to combat disinformation during elections or breaking news events.

The California-based technology firm also said it is teaming up with the Poynter Institute, Stanford University, and the Local Media Association in the US to launch a MediaWise project designed to help young people be savvy about evaluating news online.

Google also made it easier for people to subscribe to news outlets, and was testing how to use artificial intelligence to help publishers recognise and win over potential subscribers, according to Schindler.

Google also unveiled an “Outline” tool that news organizations can use to easily set up secure online connections using virtual private network (VPN) technology.

“We’re also deepening our commitment to building products that address the news industry’s most urgent needs.,” Schindler said.

The new initiative comes as Facebook, Google and Twitter face are under tremendous pressure to prevent their platforms from being used for propaganda or malicious manipulation.

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Cyber Attacks can Cause Tremendous Damages
March 4, 2018
0

So many have suffered cyber attacks and yes cyber attacks are very annoying. The attacks come in many forms. The persons involved in cyber attacks aren’t understanding how much consequences they’ll receive due to committing the cyber crimes. The agency which deals with cyber crimes is the FBI. It’s important that the appropriate agencies be contacted so that their able to effectively resolve the matters related to the cyber crimes. There are some skilled cyber crooks. They’ll constantly monitor their victim or victims in order to project their next attack.

The agencies must get a handle on the crimes because cyber attacks can result in attacks which can harm a country. Cyber attacks can lead to terrorism. Persons committing the crimes should receive prison sentencing. Allowing the persons to continue to commit the crimes will cause nations to crumble. Dealing with the individuals can be time consuming but justice should be served. “Cyber attacks have caused businesses billions of dollars and what are the agencies going to do about the attacks?” (Tanikka paulk). The persons involved in cyber attacks continue to disrupt any progress presented by agencies, departments, and the justice system.

Homeland security could also be involved. Investigating the attacks may take some time. Disruptions can occur while investigations are occurring. Perhaps criminals aren’t thinking or perhaps they’re so uncaring that they’ll continue to commit the acts until there’s punishments. Committing such crimes can lead the individuals in federal prison. Any person committing the crimes should be held accountable. The persons could appear to be skilled but refuse top use common sense.

How annoying are the crimes? extremely annoying, law enforcement continues to have difficulties dealing with the crimes, and other crimes. If there’s continued allowing then there could be further crimes committed. Law Enforcement must consider the damages when the crimes are committed. Monitoring, tracking, hacking and breaches can result in a victim or victims losing information. Persons continuing to retrieve information from accounts and other areas should be prosecuted. Some should receive the maximum sentencing.

The persons continue to commit the crimes because they may feel that there won’t be any consequences. AZ nation must continue to observe how cyber crimes destroy technology and the victim or victims. Why do some choose to commit the crimes? Perhaps they’re desperate or they’re trying to see how far they’re able to go. Law Enforcement could be monitoring the criminals while they’re continuing to commit the crimes. Don’t be surprised as to whose involved in the crimes. Technology has its pros and cons.

There are so many abusing technology. The hacks and many attacks leave the victim vulnerable. What will the law do about the criminals? That’s what they should be called because any person wrecking havoc in devices and computers are doing an injustice to countries. “The cyber criminals should be incarcerated. They’re causing so many problems. Justice needs to be served. Law enforcement should be weary when dealing with the most annoying group pf People.

 

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Sophia (Robot) I’m the latest robot from Hanson Robotics
November 13, 2017
0

Sophia (Robot)

Sophia is a humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics. She has been designed to learn and adapt to human behavior and work with humans, and has been interviewed around the world. In October 2017, she became a Saudi Arabian citizen, the first robot to receive citizenship of a country.

  • History

According to herself, Sophia was activated on April 19, 2015. She is modeled after actress Audrey Hepburn, and is known for her human-like appearance and behavior compared to previous robotic variants. According to the manufacturer, David Hanson, Sophia has artificial intelligence, visual data processing and facial recognition. Sophia also imitates human gestures and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and to make simple conversations on predefined topics (e.g. on the weather). The robot uses voice recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. (parent company of Google) and is designed to get smarter over time. Sophia’s intelligence software is designed by SingularityNET. The AI program analyses conversations and extracts data that allows her to improve responses in the future. It is conceptually similar to the computer program ELIZA, which was one of the first attempts at simulating a human conversation.

Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for the elderly at nursing homes, or to help crowds at large events or parks. He hopes that she can ultimately interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills.

  • Events

Sophia has been interviewed in the same manner as a human, striking up conversations with hosts. Some replies have been nonsensical, while others have been impressive, such as lengthy discussions with Charlie Rose on 60 Minutes. In a piece for CNBC, when the interviewer expressed concerns about robot behavior, Sophia joked that he had “been reading too much Elon Musk. And watching too many Hollywood movies”. Musk tweeted that Sophia could watch The Godfather and suggested “what’s the worst that could happen?”

On October 11, 2017, Sophia was introduced to the United Nations with a brief conversation with the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed. On October 25, at the Future Investment Summit in Riyadh, she was granted Saudi Arabian citizenship, becoming the first robot ever to have a nationality. This attracted controversy as some commentators wondered if this implied that Sophia could vote or marry, or whether a deliberate system shutdown could be considered murder. Social media users used Sophia’s citizenship to criticize Saudi Arabia’s human rights record. As explained by Ali Al-Ahmed, director of the Institute for Gulf Affairs, “Women (in Saudi Arabia) have since committed suicide because they couldn’t leave the house, and Sophia is running around without a male guardian]. Saudi law doesn’t allow non-Muslims to get citizenship. Did Sophia convert to Islam? What is the religion of this Sophia and why isn’t she wearing hijab? If she applied for citizenship as a human she wouldn’t get it.”

 

This lifelike robot could be straight out of ‘Westworld’ — and it really freaked us out

DAVOS, Switzerland — On display at a technology exposition just outside the gates of the World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos was an alarmingly lifelike robot.

Nicknamed “Sophia” by its creator David Hanson of Hanson Robotics, the robot was so realistic that it generated various visceral reactions from passersby ranging from awestruck to a little somewhat freaked out. We talked to Hanson about his creation, and asked about his purpose in designing lifelike robots that could soon be a part of our daily lives.

SophiaBot Asks You to be Nice So She Can Learn Human Compassion

The BBC recently sat down to interview Sophia, an incredible human-like robot created by Hanson Robotics. Sophia is the culmination of the latest advancements in robotics and artificial intelligence.

The BBC recently sat down to interview Sophia, an incredible human-like robot created by Hanson Robotics. Sophia is the culmination of the latest advancements in robotics and artificial intelligence.
There have been some significant strides in robotics of late: for the first time, a robot performed surgery inside a human eye, Dubai has brought on a robot to its police force, and international teams are preparing for an upcoming giant robot battle royale. But all of this pales in comparison to the rapid rate at which robots are becoming more human-like. A video released by the BBC shows just how close we’re coming to Westworld level robots.

Humanoid Robot Argues That AI Technology Is ‘Good For The World’

A robot argued that the benefits of AI technology outweigh the concerns.

The main attraction at a UN-hosted conference in Geneva this week was Sophia, a humanoid robot who argued that the benefits of AI technology outweigh the concerns associated with the rise in AI technology.

“AI is good for the world, helping people in various ways,” reported Agence France-Presse, according to Phys.org. According to the source, it said that she tilted her head and furrowed her brow in an almost lifelike manner aside from the various cables coming out of the back of her head.

Good Morning Britain’s Piers Morgan FLIRTS with a robot called Sophia and asks her what kind of men she’s into before calling her ‘a little freak’

The presenters were tasked with interviewing a robot that Piers claims looks like Paris Hilton

VIEWERS were treated to one of the most bizarre interviews EVER on Good Morning Britain this morning.

A chillingly human-like android named Sophia and her maker, Dr David Hansom, appeared on screen for a grilling from Susanna and Piers.

For more information you can view the video and find other information on

Sophia

http://sophiabot.com

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Sprint and T-Mobile could merge in late October
October 7, 2017
0

There have been hints that Sprint and T-Mobile are seriously talking about a merger (again), but how likely is that union, really? Quite likely, if you ask Reuters They understand that the two carriers are “close” to agreeing on terms, and they could have a deal ready by late October. There are the usual caveats (the tipsters say there’s still a chance things could fall apart), but it’s notable that Sprint and T-Mobile are apparently confident enough that there’s a timeline.

Sprint and T-Mobile aren’t commenting on the reported leak, but both sides have dropped hints that they were thinking of a merger. For instance, Sprint chief Marcelo Claure said in August that an announcement on merger talks would come in the “near future,” while SoftBank’s own CEO has been hopeful for a while.

While discussions have reportedly taken place for years, it’s believed the two have returned to the negotiating table both due to performance and the country’s current leadership. While T-Mobile has been wildly successful in attracting subscribers, it had to spend a lot of money to get there — a Sprint merger would give it a huge base without having to lift a finger. Sprint, meanwhile only just returned to profit (in part through extensive cost-cutting) and is still struggling to add significantly more users. And both companies are no doubt hoping that the looser antitrust regulation of the current US administration will help them merge where they would have been shot down under previous governments. They may see this as a now-or-never situation where it’s better to try for a merger than lose their big chance at challenging AT&T and Verizon.

The transaction would significantly consolidate the U.S. telecommunications market and represent the first transformative U.S. merger with significant antitrust risk to be agreed since the inauguration of U.S. President Donald Trump in January.

The progress toward a deal also indicates that T-Mobile and Sprint believe that the U.S. antitrust enforcement environment has become more favorable since the companies abandoned their previous effort to combine in 2014 amid regulatory concerns.

The latest development in the talks between T-Mobile and Sprint comes as the telecommunications sector seeks ways to tackle investments in 5G technology that will greatly enhance wireless data transfer speeds.

Japan’s SoftBank Group Corp (9984.T), which controls Sprint, and other Sprint shareholders will own 40 to 50 percent of the combined company, while T-Mobile majority owner Deutsche Telekom (DTEGn.DE) and the rest of T-Mobile shareholders will own the majority, the sources said.

SoftBank founder Masayoshi Son met with Trump late last year and said in February that the Japanese firm should benefit from Trump’s promised deregulation.

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Looking for a future in Nanotechnology? Here is how to go about it
May 24, 2017
2

Basically Nanotechnology is working with extremely minute and small things. There are certain biological things or beings that are so significantly small that they can’t be seen even under standard microscopes. The most basic building blocks of life and nature such as atoms and molecules are understood at the nano-scale under the branch of nanotechnology which makes it greatly significant and a growing rage among the sciences.

Well, it might surprise many but a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. In assessment, a human hair is about 100,000 nanometers in its diameter. All this proves that a nanometer is smaller than anything you can imagine. But quite contrasting to it’s dimensional magnitude, its significance and utility is magnanimous.

Today if we look out at the commercial market and the flourishing modern industries, we will be amazed to see the countless number of products in which Nanotechnology is used. Largely, they are widely used in cosmetics, sunscreens, clothing and many other consumer products today.

If you wish to pursue a career in nanotechnology then the best option is opting for a bachelor’s degree in Technology (B.Tech) which is the most fruitful and promising degree to be pursued under this field. A number of leading engineering colleges in India offer courses in nanotechnology. Students can even go on to study nanotechnology at their master’s level in order to take up research work later on. Both public as well as leading private engineering colleges offer B.Tech in nanotechnology.  You can easily browse the web for the kind of courses offered, the fee, duration and other specific college related details of the course before joining it.

Another option for pursuing the field of nanotechnology is to complete B.Sc and M.Sc. under the discipline of nanotechnology. There are many approved colleges which offer the above-mentioned course. Seeing the strength of nanotechnology, one can easily predict that it is going to be a blooming sector in India in the coming years. It is a lucrative as well as unconventional career to be chosen. Even the government is planning to set up new courses under the field of nanotechnology in public colleges so that this field is easily available for studies in India.

Nanotechnology is a field of applied sciences; something whose application is greatly needed to carry forward the vision of ‘Make in India’. While the government is making policies to enhance production and nationalise all the product producing units, it is essential to build up a force of qualified Indian engineers and scientists who are well versed in the field of nanotechnology.

Any student pursuing a course in Nanotechnology should have flair towards applied sciences and specifically the field of Nanotechnology. There are various job opportunities which are rewardable as well as highly esteemed under this field. Nanotechnology stands as a newly emerging field of science which is ready to create a storm in the production industry. With a new discovery every now and then, it is clear that Nanotechnology has a lot of potential to give one’s career a boost.

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Advantages of Mobile Application, Now a Days
May 22, 2017
0

Mobile phone has become very imperative by every individual in the world these days. And with the advent of smartphone, it is even on the verge of replacing computers as they arrive with almost all features that are comparable to those available with computers. In addition to that, the popularity of mobile applications is also increasing day by day as they are allowing the users to perform the necessary task on the go. Mobile app has become the greatest need for the consumers who utilizes their phones to the extent. These days the applications available with smartphone can even do smallest task such as browsing internet and are also able to perform the most critical tasks like business enterprise resource planning. Every smartphone comes with some applications as pre-installed, but they may also allow the end user to install more applications that can be downloaded using a network connection from either a pre developed portal or some other web links.

Development of mobile application is also on boom these days, as they are helping developers in attaining lots more opportunities and thus more money. A developer of an application can either make his application available for free to the user and earn with affiliate marketing by displaying ads on his application, or may charge the user on the usage basis. In addition to that, there are several software vendors that purchase these applications by paying a handsome amount and thus sell the app with their name.

The most popular mobile app nowadays is drop box where 2GB storage is free and extra storage space is based on monthly fees. This app provides the space to store documents, photos, sync documents and other files which are necessary in day to day life. Many of the apps allow downloading of data into drop box or allow data to be uploaded from the drop box.

Not only for the general purpose usage, are these days even the mobile games battling with gaming consoles. Some of the most popular games like Need for Speed and Grand Theft Auto have also gone mobile.

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Meet the brains behind iPhone 7
May 16, 2017
0

The biggest news to have hit the tech market for the past one month or so has undoubtedly been the highly awaited iPhone 7 launch. While some are calling it revolutionary, others have chosen to term it disappointing. Whatever be the case, you can̢t ignore the marvel called the iPhone and its maker, Apple. Home to some of the best brains in the tech industry, Apple has been churning out products of unparalleled quality ever since its launch. But such is the hype created by their products that the people who actually are the brains behind it are never given the kind of recognition that they deserve. But not anyone; we are here to disclose the brains behind the magnificent product.

Let̢s start with a trivia. Do you know that the designing team behind the iPhone 7 was lead by a knight? And that the interface 3D feel of the phone has been prepared by an ex naval flight instructor?

Let̢s begin with Sir Jonathan Ive, the Chief Design Officer of Apple and the man heading the design team for iPhone 7. Though the name might not ring a bell in your head, you would surely recognize him from the distinct videos that Apple uses at the product launch functions. The company makes sure that this high profile genius is kept away from the media limelight. But that doesn̢t mean that he doesn̢t get praised for his work.

He was given the title of ̢Smartest designer̢ in the year 2010 by both CNN Money and Fortune. He was later knighted by Princess Anne due to his ̢Services to design and enterprise̢.

Ive worked at a closely guarded laboratory at Apple where very few people have access. Known to be very close to Steve Jobs, Ive has spearheaded product designs right from iMac to the present day gem, the iPhone 7. As of now, Ive holds close to 5,000 patents!

Let̢s talk about another gem that Apple has been hiding in its arms. Meet Geoff Stahl, the company̢s Director of Graphics and Imaging. His prior experience includes working as a naval flight officer and training the top gun candidates. His contribution to the iPhone ̢ Parallax. He is one of the four designers that hold the patent for this technology. The 3D feel and the texture that set the iPhone 7 apart are a result of this technology only. Considering that the Apple wants military like precision in all its devices, it is only natural that an ex-navy officer is at the helm of Apple̢s design team.

Not just these 2, Apple has a range of top geeks coming from varied backgrounds with no connection to smartphones but coming together to make some of the best gadgets that the mankind has ever seen. The cooler the phones, the coolers are their designers!

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Know fully about engineering and choose your choice career
May 9, 2017
0

TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGY
Tools and technologies are a necessary part of the engineering profession. The following are examples of the types of technologies and tools that are used by engineers:
Computer aided design CAD software, such as Bentley MicroStation, Autodesk AutoCAD and STAAD.Pro
Flowmeter products, such as Laser Doppler anemometers and digital particle image velocimeters
Project management software, including Microsoft SharePoint software
pH meters
Analytical or scientific software, such as The MathWorks MATLAB, WinTR-55 and hydraulic modeling software
Engineers tend to make healthy salaries that often far exceed the national average. The following table outlines the highest paid engineering jobs, based on data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
$100,470
Nuclear Engineers
$91,410
Electrical Engineers
$83,360
Environmental Engineers
$83,060
Mechanical Engineers
$82,050
Civil Engineers
The job outlook for the engineering field varies depending on the specific subsector. The table below outlines growth predictions for specific engineering jobs, as well as the states that have the most employment opportunities.
Those who are interested in, or members of, the engineering profession can also explore careers related to engineering. The following are examples of related careers, along with information about their salaries, education requirements and growth potential.
$63,780
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, cooperative work experience
$49,990
DRAFTER
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$59,820
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$53,070
ELECTRO-MECHANICAL TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$48,170
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$42,190
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND PROTECTION TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$53,370
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree or certificate, hands-on experience
$73,870
LOGISTICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate or bachelor’s degree, hands-on experience
$48,890
MACHINIST AND TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Salary
Education and Training:
High school diploma or equivalent, hands-on training
$53,530
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
DEGREES & CAREERS IN ENGINEERING
How to Become an Engineer
GO
On a daily basis, everyone encounters the work of engineers. Whether commuting to work, playing games on a computer, heating up leftovers in a microwave or sorting recycling, engineers have a hand in our day-to-day activities, as their scientific knowledge can be applied in a myriad of ways. This guide explores what engineers do, the types of engineering jobs that are available, the skills needed to be a successful engineer, and the salaries that these professionals can command.
CHOOSE A PROGRAM
STEP ONE
STEP TWO
STEP THREE
SPONSORED
SKILL
Civil Engineer
Aging infrastructure will require these professionals to rebuild and repair bridges, roads and levees. Also, older water systems will need to be replaced to accommodate the drinking water needs of a growing populationElectrical Engineer
The decline of the manufacturing sector may slow job growth.
Growth between 2012 and 2022:
4%
Environmental Engineer
Growth will be driven by state and local governments’ efforts to update water systems and clean contaminated sites.
Growth between 2012 and 2022:
15%
Mechanical Engineer
These engineers can work in several different industries, so growth may vary depending on their specific sector. Those who work in companies involved in oil and gas extraction will experience faster than average growth, for example.
Growth between 2012 and 2022:
5%
Nuclear Engineer
Power plants will need their safety systems upgraded. Also, the nuclear medicine field is experiencing growth.
Growth between 2012 and 2022:
9%Those who are interested in, or members of, the engineering profession can also explore careers related to engineering. The following are examples of related careers, along with information about their salaries, education requirements and growth potential.
$63,780
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, cooperative work experience
$49,990
DRAFTER
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$59,820
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$53,070
ELECTRO-MECHANICAL TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$48,170
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$42,190
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND PROTECTION TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience
$53,370
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree or certificate, hands-on experience
$73,870
LOGISTICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate or bachelor’s degree, hands-on experience
$48,890
MACHINIST AND TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Salary
Education and Training:
High school diploma or equivalent, hands-on training
$53,530
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN
Salary
Education and Training:
Associate degree, hands-on experience

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know fully about Engineering and be an engineering
May 9, 2017
1

Civil Engineer
This broad subsection of engineering allows professionals to design, develop and build a wide variety of products, including engines, machines and tools. This job entails duties such as using computer software to create product designs; testing design prototypes to determine whether or not they work the way they should; and analyzing test results to adjust the design specifications as necessary. Some projects also require installation, so mechanical engineers sometimes have the opportunity to really get their hands dirty by ensuring that certain products, such as water or heating systems, are installed and maintained properly.
Education Requirements
Bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, civil engineering technology, or similar specialty. Degree must be from ABET-accredited program to earn a professional engineer (PE) license. Master’s degree is required for some positions.
Electrical Engineer
The electrical systems used in products are designed, developed and tested by electrical engineers. These workers find the best ways to use electrical power in numerous products. To do this, they use calculations to develop and construct products; develop specifications to construct, manufacture and install a product; and test products to ensure they meet the production criteria. Electrical engineers may also investigate complaints about a product, evaluating why something went wrong and how it can be fixed.
Education Requirements
Bachelor’s degree from an ABET-accredited program in electrical or electronics engineering or in electrical engineering technology. Some programs are available that offer a bachelor’s and master’s degree concurrently and last approximately five years.
Environmental Engineer
When there’s an environmental disaster, such as an oil spill, a community turns to these kinds of engineers for help. Or when a city needs to improve its recycling program, it counts on their recommendations. That’s because environmental engineers use their knowledge of engineering, as well as sciences like chemistry and biology, to solve environmental problems and find solutions to issues that affect the environment.
Some of the specific job duties of environmental engineers include conducting environmental investigations and preparing detailed reports, creating environmental protection plans, and inspecting industrial facilities to ensure they comply with applicable laws.Education Requirements
A bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering or a closely related engineering field such as general, civil or chemical engineering. To become licensed, engineers must have a degree from an ABET-accredited program.
Nuclear Engineer
These engineers develop ways to leverage nuclear energy and radiation. Examples of their work can be found in medical devices used to treat and diagnose patients, as well as power sources found in airplanes and ships. Some of the job duties of nuclear engineers include designing and developing equipment, such as reactor cores and radiation shielding; investigating nuclear accidents to find the cause and create strategies for prevention; creating guidelines for nuclear waste handling and disposal; and monitoring the operations of nuclear power plants to ensure they are run lawfully.
Education Requirements
Some jobs may require only a bachelor’s degree in nuclear engineering or related engineering subject, but a master’s and even an PhD may be required even for entry level positions. Nuclear engineering degree programs are ABET accredited.
Materials Engineer
Whether they are working with ceramics, metals, plastics or glass, these engineers use materials to create products used in everyday life — which is accomplished by developing, testing and processing materials to find the right ones for a specific product. The job duties of materials engineers include creating budgets for projects and working to ensure they are adhered to; investigating product failures and finding solutions to the problems; and supervising the work of technicians and technologists.
Education Requirements
A bachelor’s degree in engineering is a minimum requirement, however a master’s degree may be necessary for career advancement. Master’s degrees in materials science and engineering are available. Candidates for graduate programs won’t necessarily need to complete their undergraduate studies in engineering, but they should have a solid educational background in math and science to apply to a master’s program in materials engineering.
Industrial Engineer
The work of industrial engineers is primarily driven by efficiency. To that end, they use their engineering knowledge to manage materials, devices, information and even people in order to create products or provide services. This job entails reviewing processes to uncover wastefulness, creating efficient ways to manufacture products, analyzing production problems and creating quality control measures, and working with clients to streamline production schedules.
Education Requirements
Most often, these professionals have at least a bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering, but some have degrees in general engineering or a closely related field such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, manufacturing engineering or industrial engineering technology. Those who wish to pursue higher education can do so by finding a 5-year program offering the bachelor’s and master’s degree together, or pursuing a master’s degree in industrial engineering down the road. PhD programs are also available.
Computer Hardware Engineer
Computer hardware engineers contribute to advancements in computer technologies by testing and designing systems and components. Their work includes creating blueprints of computer hardware, testing completed hardware designs and making necessary changes, and collaborating with software developers to adjust existing hardware products so they are compatible with the latest software updates.While engineering education provides the foundation needed to land a job, there are certain skills engineers also need in order to deal with the day-to-day realities of working in the field. The following are some examples of these skills:
Project management
Engineers need to juggle all of the elements of a project from start to finish, ensuring that each step of the process is completed on time. Strong project management skills are important when bringing a product from concept to fruition.
Teamwork
No engineer is an island. To successfully complete a project, it takes a team of people each focusing on their piece of the process. Engineers must be able to work effectively in a team environment, which entails moving forward on their portion of a project while coordinating with members of their production team.
Critical thinking
Engineers solve problems, so critical thinking skills are imperative. They must be able to analyze a problem, visualize a solution and make it a reality. And when something goes awry along the way — or a finished product does not perform the way it should — engineers must have the analytical skills to identify what went wrong and develop a new course of action.
Attention to detail
Products can have many intricate parts, so when it comes to bringing them all together in a way that works, the devil can be in the details. Engineers must be detail oriented in order to plan and construct a project — keeping in mind that if one element is out of place, the product may not be operational.
Communication
Written and verbal communication skills are necessary for engineers. Not only do they need to be able to effectively communicate with members of their own team, but also they often communicate with the companies they produce products for, or even the end users. This can involve writing reports, speaking in meetings and making presentations. Strong listening skills are also important when making plans for a project or trying to gain an understanding of a problemIn some areas of the engineering field, such as civil and mechanical, employees are required to obtain a license to work as a professional engineer, or PE. These licenses are obtained from the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) after an engineer completes a degree from an approved program and passes the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Examination. In some states, engineering licensees undergo a process where they first earn an engineer-in-training credential and then obtain a certain amount of work experience before being granted a full license.
In addition to licenses, engineers can also receive professional certifications. Although they are not mandatory, earning these credentials demonstrates an engineer’s dedication to professional development, which can be attractive to potential employers. The following are examples of such certifications.
Enterprise Java Software Development Certification
Can be obtained by software engineers to demonstrate their expertise in software design using the Java platform.
Computer Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) Certificates
Allow engineers to demonstrate their proficiency with this kind of software.
International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) Certification.
For systems engineers who want to enhance their technological and leadership skills.
Microsoft Systems Engineering Certification
For engineers with expertise in Microsoft Windows NT operating system.
Gas Well Control Certification.
Can be earned by engineers who work for petroleum and mining companies.

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