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July 15, 2016 at 5:56 pm

Most times, people mistaken data for information and information for data. In the actual sense, data and information are two different things that needs not to be misinterpreted. Data on its original state constitutes nuisance and in most cases make no meaning. Data in every aspect needs manipulation either by mechanic means or by electronic means. Therefore, let us consider data in full as it opposes information.
Data is seen as an unprocessed raw fact which need to be processed in order to get information.
From the context above we can figure out that data in it own is meaningless and empty. Contrasting it with information, we see:
Information as a processed data.
Following the two context, one can easily identify when he’s making use of data and information. For example, in computing, the figures we insert into the computer are mere data but when they passed through the processor for manipulations or processing, they become information.
But one need not to forget the popular concept of Garbage-in-garbage out. In case one may choose to input some nonsense into the computer to oppose the context, you will as well get the rubbish you keyed in.
In conclusion, data makes no sense but information make sense. Though in some cases data and information may be used interchangeably but the truth of the matter is that they are never the same.

Data can be grouped into four different types, namely:
1. Text or character data
2. Audio or sound data
3. Video or visual data and
4. Image or picture data.

TEXT OR CHARACTER DATA: These are symbols, signs, texts, etc either numeric or alphabetic.

AUDIO OR SOUND DATA: As the name implies, it is a vocal or voice data

VIDEO DATA: Are visual data. These type of data may contain all the other forms of data including audio, text and images. Video implies picture and text in motion.

IMAGE DATA: Are picture data. They include still images.

Let us again consider type of information.
Information can only be in two types, namely:
1. Hardcopy information and
2. Soft copy information

HARDCOPY INFORMATION: are printed information either on a paper, board or plate.

SOFT-COPY INFORMATION: are those information you read from your monitor and phone screens. They are not printed but can be read efficiently from your display screen through the computer or mobile phone.

I believe this helps.
Thank you for your time.

January 19, 2017 at 11:54 am

The best and simplest way to define the two is as follows:

Data are just raw facts.

Information is processed data.

A good example would be a research. In a research you gather Data first. This can be achieved by means of questionnaires and other means.

After collecting the data, you then use an application Like SPSS to analyze the data and produce human understandable information

I hope this helps

March 10, 2017 at 2:28 pm

Nice Contribution, Coldsie.