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May 3, 2018 at 9:20 am

There is no single method by which scientists solve problems.different people seek solutions to a certain problem in different ways.though some scientists fail to find the solution to a certain problem,they sometimes discover something else of value by chance or serendipity.the word serendipity came from the story the princess of serendip.these princes went out into the world seeking great things for their kingdom.they never found what they were looking for;instead,they discovered better things.
Chares Goodyear,for example discovered the process of vulcanization of rubber by accident. After many disappointing trials to make rubber hard and elastic but not sticky,he accidentally dropped some sulfur powder on a piece of rubber near a lighted stove. The action of heat on the sulfur-rubber mixture produced the properties he wanted. The product is now known as vulcanized rubber.

May 3, 2018 at 9:32 am

Other chemical products discoverd accidentally included perkin’s dye. Schoenbein’s enplosives,and baekeland’s plastics.these accidetal discoveries,however,cannot be attributed to sheer luck. These people were able to immediately relate their chance observations of possible applications to a given problem because their minds were prepared. They made careful obsesvations and asked questions. They were also very patient,spending long hours at work. Other gifted people arrive at conclusions or discoveries in science by using their intuition or intelligence. One such man was Albert Einstein. He formulated the relationship between matter and energy by exercise of the mind alone. Others apply trial and error method. Thomas Edison tried many materials as filament for his first light bulb before he succeeded.