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What do you understand by Emergency sanitation ????
May 21, 2017
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Emergency sanitation is the management and technical processes required to provide access to sanitation in emergency situations such as after natural disasters and during relief operations for refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). There are three phases: Immediate, short term and long term. In the immediate phase, the focus is on managing open defecation, and toilet technologies might include very basic latrines, pit latrines, bucket toilets, container-based toilets, chemical toilets.

Providing handwashing facilities and management of fecal sludge are also part of emergency sanitation.
The term “Emergency” is perceived differently by different people and organisations. In a general sense, an emergency may be considered to be a phenomenon originating from a man-made and/or natural disaster which posess a serious, usually sudden threat to the health or welbeing of the affected community which relies on external assistance to easily cope up with the situation.[1]

There are different categories of emergency depending on its time frame, whether it lasts for few weeks, several months or years.[1]

The number of people who are and will be affected by catastrophes (human crisis and natural disasters), which are increasing in magnitude and frequency, is rapidly increasing. The affected people are subjected to such dangers as temporary homelessness and risks to life and health.[2]
To address the problem of public health and the spread of dangerous diseases that come as a result of lack of sanitation and open defecation, humanitarian actors focus on the construction of, for example, pit latrines and the implementation of hygiene promotion programmes.[3]

The supply of drinking water in an urban-setting emergency has been improved by the introduction of standardised, rapid deployment kits.

In the immediate emergency phase, the focus is on managing open defecation, and toilet technologies might include very basic latrines, pit latrines, bucket toilets, container-based toilets, chemical toilets. The short term phase might also involve technologies such as urine-diverting dry toilets, septic tanks, decentralized wastewater systems.
The provision of sanitation programmes is usually more challenging than water supply as it provides a limited choice of technologies.[3][4] This is exacerbated by the overwhelming and diverse needs of WASH.[4]

Challenges with excreta disposal in emergencies include:

Building Latrines in areas where pits cannot be dug, desludging latrines, no-toilet options and the final treatment or disposal of the fecal sludge.[5]
Weak community participation and finding hygiene promotion designs that are suitable for a given context to make the WASH interventions sustainable.
Newly arriving IDP or refugee populations can usually only be settled in less than ideal ares, such as land that is prone to regular flooding or which is very dry and with rocky ground.[citation needed] This makes the provision of safe sanitation facilities and other infrastructure very difficult.
In long running emergencies, the safe decommissioning or desludging of previously quickly built sanitation facilities can also become a serious challenge.[citation needed]
Humanitarian actors need to understand the importance of better preparation and resilience and the need for exit strategies and have consideration on the environment.
Civil defense, civil defence (see spelling differences) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters. It uses the principles of emergency operations: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery. Programs of this sort were initially discussed at least as early as the 1920s and were implemented in some countries during the 1930s as the threat of war and aerial bombardment grew. It became widespread after the threat of nuclear weapons was realized.

Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general. The new concept is described by a number of terms, each of which has its own specific shade of meaning, such as crisis management, emergency management, emergency preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection.

In some countries, civil defense is seen as a key part of “total defense”. For example, in Sweden, the Swedish word totalförsvar refers to the commitment of a wide range of resources of the nation to its defense – including to civil protection. Respectively, some countries (notably the Soviet Union) may have or have had military-organized civil defense units (Civil Defense Troops) as part of their armed forces or as a paramilitary service.

Some Natural Disasters people experienced
May 21, 2017
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A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage,[1] and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population’s resilience, or ability to recover and also on the infrastructure available.[2]

An adverse event will not rise to the level of a disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population.[3][4] In a vulnerable area, however, such as Nepal during the 2015 earthquake, an earthquake can have disastrous consequences and leave lasting damage, requiring years to repair.
A landslide is described as an outward and downward slope movement of an abundance of slope-forming materials including rock, soil, artificial, or even a combination of these things.[5]

During World War I, an estimated 40,000 to 80,000 soldiers died as a result of avalanches during the mountain campaign in the Alps at the Austrian-Italian front. Many of the avalanches were caused by artillery fire.[6][7]

Earthquakes Edit
See also: Lists of earthquakes
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. At the Earth’s surface earthquakes manifest themselves by vibration, shaking and sometimes displacement of the ground. Earthquakes are caused by slippage within geological faults. The underground point of origin of the earthquake is called the seismic focus. The point directly above the focus on the surface is called the epicenter. Earthquakes by themselves rarely kill people or wildlife. It is usually the secondary events that they trigger such as building collapse, fires, tsunamis (seismic sea waves) and volcanoes. Many of these could possibly be avoided by better construction, safety systems, early warning and planning.
When natural erosion or human mining makes the ground too weak to support the structures built on it, the ground can collapse and produce a sinkhole. For example, the 2010 Guatemala City sinkhole which killed fifteen people was caused when heavy rain from Tropical Storm Agatha, diverted by leaking pipes into a pumice bedrock, led to the sudden collapse of the ground beneath a factory building.
Volcanoes can cause widespread destruction and consequent disaster in several ways. The effects include the volcanic eruption itself that may cause harm following the explosion of the volcano or falling rocks. Second, lava may be produced during the eruption of a volcano, and so as it leaves the volcano the lava destroys many buildings, plants and animals due to its extreme heat . Third, volcanic ash generally meaning the cooled ash – may form a cloud, and settle thickly in nearby locations. When mixed with water this forms a concrete-like material. In sufficient quantity ash may cause roofs to collapse under its weight but even small quantities will harm humans if inhaled. Since the ash has the consistency of ground glass it causes abrasion damage to moving parts such as engines. The main killer of humans in the immediate surroundings of a volcanic eruption is the pyroclastic flows, which consist of a cloud of hot volcanic ash which builds up in the air above the volcano and rushes down the slopes when the eruption no longer supports the lifting of the gases. It is believed that Pompeii was destroyed by a pyroclastic flow. A lahar is a volcanic mudflow or landslide. The 1953 Tangiwai disaster was caused by a lahar, as was the 1985 Armero tragedy in which the town of Armero was buried and an estimated 23,000 people were killed.

A specific type of volcano is the supervolcano. According to the Toba catastrophe theory, 75,000 to 80,000 years ago a supervolcanic event at Lake Toba reduced the human population to 10,000 or even 1,000 breeding pairs, creating a bottleneck in human evolution.[8] It also killed three-quarters of all plant life in the northern hemisphere. The main danger from a supervolcano is the immense cloud of ash, which has a disastrous global effect on climate and temperature for many years.
It is a violent, sudden and destructive change either in quality of earth’s water or in distribution or movement of water on land below the surface or in atmosphere.

Floods Edit
See also: List of floods
A flood is an overflow of water that ‘submerges’ land.[9] The EU Floods Directive defines a flood as a temporary covering by water of land which is usually not covered by water.[10] In the sense of ‘flowing water’, the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tides. Flooding may result from the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake, which overflows causing the result that some of the water escapes its usual boundaries.[11] While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, it is not a significant flood unless the water covers land used by man like a village, city or other inhabited area, roads, expanses of farmland, etc.

Limnic eruptions Edit
Main article: Limnic eruption
A limnic eruption occurs when a gas, usually CO2, suddenly erupts from deep lake water, posing the threat of suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans. Such an eruption may also cause tsunamis in the lake as the rising gas displaces water. Scientists believe landslides, volcanic activity, or explosions can trigger such an eruption. To date, only two limnic eruptions have been observed and recorded. In 1984, in Cameroon, a limnic eruption in Lake Monoun caused the deaths of 37 nearby residents, and at nearby Lake Nyos in 1986 a much larger eruption killed between 1,700 and 1,800 people by asphyxiation.

Tsunami Edit
Main article: Tsunami
A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from Japanese: 津波, lit. “harbour wave”; English pronunciation: /tsuːˈnɑːmi/), also known as a seismic sea wave or as a tidal wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. Tsunamis can be caused by undersea earthquakes such as the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, or by landslides such as the one in 1958 at Lituya Bay, Alaska, or by volcanic eruptions such as the ancient eruption of Santorini. On March 11, 2011, a tsunami occurred near Fukushima, Japan and spread through the Pacific.
Blizzards are severe winter storms characterized by heavy snow and strong winds. When high winds stir up snow that has already fallen, it is known as a ground blizzard. Blizzards can impact local economic activities, especially in regions where snowfall is rare. The Great Blizzard of 1888 affected the United States, when many tons of wheat crops were destroyed, and in Asia, 2008 Afghanistan blizzard and the 1972 Iran blizzard were also significant events. The 1993 Superstorm originated in the Gulf of Mexico and traveled north, causing damage in 26 states as well as Canada and leading to more than 300 deaths.[12]

Cyclonic storms Edit
Cyclone, tropical cyclone, hurricane, and typhoon are different names for the same phenomenon, which is a cyclonic storm system that forms over the oceans. The determining factor on which term is used is based on where they originate. In the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, the term “hurricane” is used; in the Northwest Pacific it is referred to as a “typhoon” and “cyclones” occur in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean.

The deadliest hurricane ever was the 1970 Bhola cyclone; the deadliest Atlantic hurricane was the Great Hurricane of 1780 which devastated Martinique, St. Eustatius and Barbados. Another notable hurricane is Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the Gulf Coast of the United States in 2005.

Droughts Edit
Main article: Drought
Drought is the unusual dryness of soil, resulting in crop failure and shortage of water and for other uses which is caused by significant low rainfall than average over a prolonged period. Hot dry winds, shortage of water, high temperatures and consequent evaporation of moisture from the ground can contribute to conditions of drought.

Well-known historical droughts include the 1997–2009 Millennium Drought in Australia led to a water supply crisis across much of the country. As a result, many desalination plants were built for the first time (see list). In 2011, the State of Texas lived under a drought emergency declaration for the entire calendar year and severe economic losses.[13] The drought caused the Bastrop fires.

Thunderstorms Edit
Main article: Thunderstorm
Severe storms, dust clouds, and volcanic eruptions can generate lightning. Apart from the damage typically associated with storms, such as winds, hail, and flooding, the lightning itself can damage buildings, ignite fires and kill by direct contact. Especially deadly lightning incidents include a 2007 strike in Ushari Dara, a remote mountain village in northwestern Pakistan, that killed 30 people,[14] the crash of LANSA Flight 508 which killed 91, and a fuel explosion in Dronka, Egypt caused by lightning in 1994 which killed 469.[15] Most lightning deaths occur in the poor countries of America and Asia, where lightning is common and adobe mud brick housing provides little protection.[16]
Hailstorms are rain drops that fall as ice, rather than melting before they hit the ground. A particularly damaging hailstorm hit Munich, Germany, on July 12, 1984, causing about $2 billion in insurance claims.

Heat waves Edit
Main article: Heat wave
A heat wave is a period of unusually and excessively hot weather. The worst heat wave in recent history was the European Heat Wave of 2003. A summer heat wave in Victoria, Australia, created conditions which fuelled the massive bushfires in 2009. Melbourne experienced three days in a row of temperatures exceeding 40 °C (104 °F) with some regional areas sweltering through much higher temperatures. The bushfires, collectively known as “Black Saturday”, were partly the act of arsonists. The 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer resulted in severe heat waves, which killed over 2,000 people. It resulted in hundreds of wildfires which causing widespread air pollution, and burned thousands of square miles of forest.
A tornado is a violent and dangerous rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud, or the base of a cumulus cloud in rare cases. It is also referred to as a twister or a cyclone,[17] although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider sense, to refer to any closed low pressure circulation. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, but are typically in the form of a visible condensation funnel, whose narrow end touches the earth and is often encircled by a cloud of debris and dust. Most tornadoes have wind speeds less than 110 miles per hour (177 km/h), are approximately 250 feet (80 m) across, and travel a few miles (several kilometers) before dissipating. The most extreme tornadoes can attain wind speeds of more than 300 mph (480 km/h), stretch more than two miles (3 km) across, and stay on the ground for dozens of miles (perhaps more than 100 km).
Wildfires are large fires which often start in wildland areas. Common causes include lightning and drought but wildfires may also be started by human negligence or arson. They can spread to populated areas and can thus be a threat to humans and property, as well as wildlife. Notable cases of wildfires were the 1871 Peshtigo Fire in the United States, which killed at least 1700 people, and the 2009 Victorian bushfires in Australia.

Today Is Worldwide Endangered Species Day
May 19, 2017
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This is the third Friday of May and has been designated as Endangered Species Day.

1. Vaquita– Only 30 individuals of this rarest of marine mammal still survive. They live off the northern Gulf of California and are sometimes drowned or caught in nets by illegal fishing operations. The Mexican government is implementing a captive breeding program and have spent $100 million on their conservation.

2. Amur Leopard– Lives in northeast China and southeast Russia. Their fur grows to 3 inches. There are only about 60 of these cats left. In the leopards still existing researches have found very low genetic diversity which means this indicates inbreeding. This may have been going on for several generations and can happen even without human influence.

3. Sumatran Elephant– Nearly 70 percent of this elephant’s natural habitat has been destroyed in only one generation. They eat a wide variety of plants and deposit seed around their range which makes them play a vital role in the area’s ecosystem. Their population has dropped 80 percent in the past 25 years. The World Wildlife Fund is working with local groups to cut down on poaching and to create protected areas.

4. Hawksbill Turtle– These live in the world’s tropical oceans spending most of their time around coral reefs. They are often killed for their colorful shells and meat. Their eggs are also eaten around the world. They live for up to 50 years and weight up to 150 pounds.

5. Javan Rhino– Only 63 of these most endangered rhinoceros survive in a national park in Indonesia. Living in extremely dense jungle very little is known about their way of life. The adults only come together occasionally to mate.

6. Malayan Tiger– This beautiful tiger lives in the southern tip of Thailand and on the Malay Peninsula. Human kill the tigers because they prey on livestock and this could be one reason their population is in decline. They are also poached for a medicine made from their bones and for their meat.

7. Mountain Gorilla– Even though Dian Fossy’s research brought them international attention their are only two populations of them left. They remain in four national parks in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. They live in mountain regions of 8-13,000 feet and thier long fur allows them to live in freezing temperatures. They can stand up to four feet tall and the adults weigh up to 440 pounds.

8. Saola (or Asian unicorn)– These animals are found only in the Annamite Mountains of Laos and Vietnam. Their were dubbed the unicorn nickname due to the two sharp horns that can reach 20 inches. They are cousins to antelope, goats and cattle. They were first discovered in May of 1992.

9. Cross River Gorilla– One of the world’s rarest great ape it lives in the mountains and forested hills of the Cross River on the Cameroon and Nigeria border. There is said to be only 200 to 300 of these alive. They have been displaced in large areas that was their traditional range. They seem to be fighting back by throwing branches, soil and grass at any humans that approach them.

10. Bornean Orangutan– This largest tree dwelling animal is native to the island of Borneo that is in the South Pacific. These are the slowest to breed of all mammals.

the weather has a nice lighting show tonigt
May 19, 2017
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lighting today no rain but a lighting storm what is it doing I think it hitting the cell phone towers . Why do I think that because I have no bars in other words no single right now and I all ways have a single in this area that I am in. What service do I have it boost mobile that works on sprint towers. I never had a problem until now . on the other hand it all most 11pm so I do not have any one to call at this time. The bright side the telmarketers with the fake phone numbers can not call me. I been getting phone calls with the id say 000-000-000 only a dummy would answer a phone call with that kind of caller ID when I say numbers I do not know some times I will call them back then I find out the numbers are not in service there all fake numbers Like the IRS scam. The guys who do the IRS scam think scaring people that the cops will come is a big joke half the people they call are cops no joke . How do I know that I know a few cops that why and I know one who was able to trace the call back pakstian not sure if I spell that right. Now back to the lighting and I am not talking about Tampa bay lighting the hockey team I am talking about the storm I hope that sprint get the tower fix when the storm get done . As of right now the guys or lady’s can not go out and fix the towers why ? because it still lighting out and this can kill some one if they are on a tower or something out side. So since I am going to bed soon I hope the towers will be fix as fast as possible when the storm stops I do not know if the repaid crews have to wait for sun light. electric is other story we need that as soon as possible but at this time the electric is on and no problem with it. OK that it for now.

warm weather today in my area nice for a change
May 18, 2017
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warm weather is hear for today . Were am I ?
I live in upstate New York less then a two hour ride from the New York city area or a hour drive south of Albany New York. Today the weather is I think in it 90 and I welcome it.
I just wish the ac in my truck work by winter my ac in the truck will work.Why do I welcome the warm weather? it been like winter weather here for a long time to long some times I do enjoy the cold but this year I need warm and dry weather while I am doing my food cart business. why do I want this ? because my goal is to make a livable income and with the food cart it a start . I have some events I be doing and some private parties. If I do this right I should have the money I need to cover my budget when the cold weather comes back in the other words the winter weather. If I do it right all my bills will be cover for the winter season before it comes I am going to be strict with my money I make from the food cart. Plus any money I make on line like from the writing sites that I am on .I think doing the events and private parties are my key to having the money to cover my winter bills.One of my thing I am going to do is word of mouth to get people to come to my food cart . The same thing if I am a event a lot of the events in my area have free entry so there no fee or cost to go to the events this rally does help the food vendor out. Why does this help the food vendor out? here why It bring in more people to the event the more people which is call traffic. Help the food vendors sell more food and boom we make more money. OK that it for this one.

7 Tips On Becoming More Organized
May 15, 2017
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Becoming more organized can benefit you in many ways. It can make you happier, have less stress and actually get more sleep because your mind is not running over time thinking about all you have to get done tomorrow.

Prioritize. Write down what you need to accomplish. Then prioritize what needs to be done right away, what can wait, what is a luxury and can be used as a reward for good accomplishments.

Commit. You have to commit to getting the things you have written down done. Write down when you can get these things done. Don’t give yourself too much or you are going fail. Know your limitations.

Re-evaluate. If you have too many things going on you need to re-evaluate and see what has to be done now and commit to those. Then get the rest done. You aren’t Houdini so some things may have to wait. Be assertive. Maybe start with three things each day and work up from there. Give yourself too much to do and this is a recipe for disaster. Be realistic.

Maintain Healthy Habits. Setting up a working system is very important. To do lists, post-it notes. Whatever works for you to help you remember what you have committed to doing on a given day. Do things in a chronological order. Clean up the dishes, wipe down the counters, then sweep the floor.

Don’t Procrastinate. Just get it done. You committed to it now you need to follow through. Maybe you can set up a reward system for yourself. Get a new make-up or nail polish when you have gotten those things on your list done.

Give Things A Home. Both physical things and errands and chores both need places to be. Make storage spaces so the physical items each has a home and then remember to put them back there. This can both save you time and keep the area cleaner. Break up errands and chores or you will be too tired to enjoy the rest of your day. Get those chores done then reward yourself by getting out and running those errands and get out of the house for a while.

Declutter On A Regular Basis. Get rid of things you no longer need. If you haven’t worn an item for one season get rid of it. It doesn’t happen on it’s own. Consistent and continuous reorganizing is the key. Find some time on the schedule for reorganizing and do it. Keep only what you need.
Work hard and organizing is a breeze. Put in some effort and you will succeed. Procrastinate and it becomes a mess and before you know it it has become overwhelming. It’s never too late to start over. If it didn’t go well today try it again tomorrow, but do it differently. Do better.

When it Rains in a Dry Weather Country
May 15, 2017
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In other countries, rain is rain; save those countries which have ‘rainy seasons’. There, the expectation is that there will be  more flooding than wetting, precautions are taken.

Years ago, when Jamaica was a colony, when there was some kind of organisation as to where people could live and how to protect gulleys and culverts, flooding wasn’t a constant.   Gulleys were constantly cleaned, culverts checked, and river beds were dug down during the dry season to insure the run off water would have a place to go when the rain started.

Today, if it rains for one hour, various roads, major roads become impassable, gulleys over run and flood communities, and it is as major at a six foot snow fall is in modern cities.

Jamaica had a drought last year.   I prayed for rain, and must have over prayed because then it began to rain.  It has virtually rained every day.

Most times I get a ‘window’; from about  eight in the morning until about one in the afternoon when there is a sun in the sky and sky is blue.  Then, these enormous angry clouds pile up and the rain starts.

Sometimes it is for an hour, sometimes longer.

Yesterday was clear; then it began to rain, but stopped.  This morning, from the moment I woke up until about an hour ago, it had stopped, so I got to run out with the garbage, and it has started again.

Obviously, I am not to wash, nor leave the yard.

Unlike other places, where people live easily with their umbrellas and booties, and everything runs the same with pre rain as it does rain, in Jamaica, rain is a disruption.

A major disruption.

Some schools close, some public transportation ceases, and everything is skewed.

Although it rains and usually from about April to May and October to November rain is expected, it really has not been addressed.

So, here I am, locked in looking out, hoping tomorrow the sun with shine.

The Scarcity Of Water And What Should We Do
May 14, 2017
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It is being felt again. The hottest month’s number one problem is potable drinking water. With the heat index getting higher every day but the water level of potable water is getting low, lowest to worse. The communities’ problem now is where to get them, or to buy them?

photo is mine

photo is mine

People living in the urban cities and metropolitan who mainly depend on water supply of different water system company have the problem of water interruption. Some areas need to cut the supply of water because of getting low in the water source. The water level is on critical level and the water system companies need to close some areas. The affected communities need to conserve water and bank for their home consumption.

Communities in the rural villages are also affected as the deep wells and the natural bubon have become getting deeper. Those who are living in the higher lands need to fetch water in the lower areas. The water level in the rivers and ponds also in critical level.

The people are advised for saving the water consumption. People need to conserve water and avoid spilling even the smallest amount of water. Conserving like after washing the clothes used the water to water your plants; to lessen the time of cleaning the car; or closing the faucet when you are brushing your teeth.

There are many ways to save the potable water. The 0.001 percent which is the potable is just too little for the human for everyday consumption. Not until the rain come, the problem of supply of water is a big deal to the affected communities.

To this point, we will again return to the basic in solving this problem. Plant a tree. We neglect this solution but this is one of the best solutions. Plant a tree and avoid cutting them. Put to jail the illegal loggers and support the tree planting activity of the country.

Let’s do our share to solve this problem.###

 

Dead Whale Full of Eaten Plastics
May 13, 2017
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Have you seen that photo on Facebook posted by netizens about a big dead whale that was washed ashore in Cavite, Luzon, Philippines?

It was such a lonesome sight! The whale was already dead. decomposing, and its stomach was full of plastics, or all kinds of garbage which probably it had eaten from the sea where it came from.

It is a picture of irresponsibility of people who throw garbage, especially all kinds of plastics, like plastic canisters, plastic containers, plastic bag, and so many other debris that the poor whale probably thought were edible sea creatures, the reason for its death, presumably.

Or it could be that the whale came from a seashore or sea that people used as garbage dump where they throw their garbage; or it could be that some dumpsites were flooded and the trash and other non-biodegradable materials like hard plastics were washed into the sea. When floating around, large fishes, turtles, and other sea creatures like hungry whale sharks will just devour it to fill their hungry stomachs! They did not know that it is deadly, like that poor whale who had eaten so much volume of trash that caused its death!

It is a clear picture of man’s irresponsibility and cruelty to nature; specifically to animals who could not tell if what they will eat could kill them!

Since man has more complex brains, and more intelligent than animals, they should be responsible enough not to scatter their trash just anywhere. Governments even private organizations can do a lot in protecting such sea creatures and other wild animals who are entitled to a clean environment and a clean source of food.

If man will continuously pollute the land and the seas, then time will come that natural foods from the oceans like fish, etc, would be scarce; or man could not eat them because they are contaminated with hazardous wastes like mercury, etc. It is like destroying the food chain.

We can do a lot to save our environment, our natural resources by being responsible and being simple in life. If we do not consume so much goods, then throw away the foil wrappers or containers just anywhere, soon it will pollute the oceans and other bodies of water which is one of the main sources of our food.

We still can do a lot to achieve change; to help the government, or just be conscious enough not to scatter trash anywhere. Simple things can mean a lot to help conserve our natural resources; our wildlife, our seas, the fishes, whales and other sea creatures.

Remove the permanent marker from your tile
May 11, 2017
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There are several methods you can try to remove permanent marker from tile. The first method uses a homemade, all-purpose solution to remove the stain from the tile. For textured tile, use toothpaste (or the all-purpose solution) to treat the stain. Then, use a toothbrush or a scrub brush to remove the stain from textured tile. If your tile is smooth, a dry erase marker may do the trick. Always remember to test each method on a small, hidden area before applying it to larger areas.

Method One of Three:
Making a Homemade Cleaning Solution
Edit

1
Combine the ingredients. Combine ¼ cup of white vinegar, ¼ cup of washing soda, 1 tablespoon of liquid dish soap, and 2 gallons of hot tap water in a bucket. Use a large spoon or another mixing tool to mix the ingredients. Mix until well combined.[1]
If this recipe produces too much solution, then half the recipe.

2
Test on a small surface. Apply the product to a hidden spot. Let it set for three seconds. Then use a paper towel or rag to remove the product. Look for any kind of stains, discoloration, or residue left by the product. If there are any unwanted effects, then choose a different method.[2]
Before using any type of solution or product on your tile floors, always test out the product on a small, inconspicuous spot first. This way, you can ensure that the product you are using does not produce any unwanted effects such as stains or discoloration.

3
Pour the solution onto a rag or a cloth. Then, begin wiping the stain with the rag. Wipe the spot until the stain is removed. If the affected area is large, pour more solution onto the rag as needed.[3]
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Method Two of Three:
Using Toothpaste on Textured Tile
Edit

1
Use regular white toothpaste. Do not use gel toothpaste. If possible, choose a toothpaste product that contains baking soda such as Arm & Hammer. Toothpaste is great for removing marks from tile that is textured.[4]

2
Apply the toothpaste to the mark. Cover the affected area with the toothpaste. Let the toothpaste set for a minute or two. The longer the stain has been on the tile, the longer you will want to let the toothpaste set.[5]
For example, if the marker has been on the tile for a 24-hour period, then let the toothpaste set for at least five minutes.

3
Use a sponge to wipe off the toothpaste. After the toothpaste has set, begin wiping it off with a sponge. If your tile is textured, then you may want to use a toothbrush or a scrubbing brush to remove traces of the stain from smaller crevices in the tile.[6]
Once the stain is removed, clean the affected area with soap and water to remove any residue.
Purchase a black dry erase marker. You can purchase dry erase markers from your local pharmacy, arts and crafts store, or discounted retailer. Make sure to purchase a black dry erase marker as opposed to a colored one.[7]
Remember to test a small, hidden area first before using it on larger, affected areas.

2
Trace the affected area with the marker. Instead of tracing the entire stain, start by tracing a small part of the stain first. This method works best on smooth tile. For textured tile, the toothpaste or all-purpose solution may be more effective.[8]

3
Wipe off the marker with a paper towel. Or you may use a rag or cloth to wipe off the traced sections. If the stain isn’t completely removed the first time, then re-trace the remaining spots with the dry erase marker. Wipe until the stain is removed.[9]
Use warm water and soap to clean the affected area after the stain is removed.