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13 Signs That Someone Is A High-Functioning Alcoholic
November 21, 2017
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It’s often difficult to recognize an alcoholic, as most of them can, at least superficially, carry out their everyday responsibilities. Maybe they’re even members of our families. The high-functioning alcoholics are very adept at concealing their alcoholism from others, even from themselves. However, the signs are there. You just have to search for them.So what exactly is a high-functioning alcoholic?

To function is to be able to carry out specific actions or activities, to operate or to work. High-functioning alcoholics, then, can convincingly deal with their prescribed roles and carry out their daily duties – yet they are addicted to alcohol. They can maintain their relationships with their family, friends, and coworkers, keep up with their jobs and hobbies. In essence, they live a double life: they are outwardly the successful, capable husbands, wives, siblings, sons, daughters, friends, or coworkers, while inside they are suffering from alcoholism.

High-functioning alcoholics have the same disease with skid-row drunks, but they follow a different progression. With their unique high level of denial, the first often find it extremely difficult to admit that they even drink too much. Through years of success and achievement – in spite of their drinking issue – the HFA isn’t defined as an alcoholic by others.

Also, due to the stigma and shame that’s still associated with alcoholism, the HFA would hate to admit to others, let alone themselves, that they have a problem with alcohol. Their personal denial makes others unable to realize that this person is indeed alcoholic.

Since they can’t admit that they are alcoholics, HFAs are likely to remain undiagnosed. Also, they are often the last to look for treatment for their disease.

Here are 13 warning signs and symptoms of HFAs:

1) The HFAs usually surround themselves with others who like to drink.

This assimilation makes it hard to pick out the HFA from the rest drinkers. Besides, the HFA actually enjoys drinking and being around other drinkers.

2) They are obsessed with alcohol.

The thought of alcohol is always on the mind of the HFA. They are always counting hours until the next drink and calculating how much alcohol can be consumed without any outward signs of drunkenness.

3) One drink is never enough.

Their lure is too strong; the craving consumes the HFA until they can have their next drink – and then the next, and the next. Soon the HFA will lose control over total alcohol intake – although they still might appear outwardly in control. After all, they are masters of concealment.

4) Alcohol is part of their lives.

The HFA would rather give up their identity than alcohol. Alcohol is so much a part of their lives that they can’t imagine a life without alcohol.

5) They usually finish drinks of others.

If someone leaves a drink on the bar or the table, the HFA might pick it up and finish it, “so that it doesn’t go to waste.” If a family member or friend doesn’t touch their drink, the HFA usually drinks it along with their own.

6) They experience shame over drunken behavior.

The HFA does often feel remorse and/or shame over situations where their behavior became sloppy after drinking. Such behavior is not part of their carefully crafted image and they consequently try even harder to avoid such mistakes in the future. However, they won’t quit drinking.

7) They are self-deluding.

Some HFAs only drink expensive wine or liquor fooling themselves that this means they’re not alcoholics. It’s a self-delusion that lets them continue to drink with impunity.

8) They fit life into compartments.

Another familiar sign of HFAs is that they’re able to conveniently separate their drinking issue from the rest of their existence. Who they are at home, on their jobs, or to casual acquaintances is entirely different from their drinking routine.

9) They’ve tried to quit, and they’ve failed.

At some point, the HFA might have tried to quit drinking but failed. This pattern might often be repeated, but still, the HFA refuses to seek medical treatment. It’s part of their personality makeup and their self-constructed identity that they believe they can handle their drinking problem on their own. Such refusal to get help is hard to overcome.

10) They find excuses to reward themselves with a drink.

An HFA feels they work hard and deserves a drink as a reward. Drinking, to them, is both an excuse and a reward. The HFA might even use those words in defense of their actions – to themselves and to others.

11) They try to hide and sneak.

When others are going to be around, the HFA might sneak a drink early, drink before going out, or drink on their own. Such secrecy is part of their concealment of their true problem. They have to get in the drinking but won’t risk of others finding out or suspecting their real problem.

12) Emotional and physical consequences don’t matter to the HFA.

Whether minor or severe, the consequences of drinking don’t make a difference to the HFA. They will continue to drink, regardless. It’s only when things get really out of control that the HFA might seek help for the problem.

13) They suffer from blackouts, memory losses, or worse.

At the end of the HFA’s downward spiral, blackouts, memory losses, and other physical, emotional, psychological, social and even legal problems intensify. It is at this point that the HFA either gets treatment or keeps on deteriorating.

Risk Factors for Becoming an HFA

Research studies have shown several risk factors that contribute to a person becoming an alcoholic, HFA or otherwise. Those include, but aren’t limited to, the following:

1) Drinking at an early age, for example before the age of 15

2) History of trauma

3) Family history of alcoholism

4) Impulsive personality

5) Presence of any underlying mental health disorder or condition (for instance, anxiety, depression, post-partum depression, etc.)

6) Peer pressure

7) Other substance abuse (such as cigarettes, street or prescription drugs)

How to Approach an HFA about Treatment

Family members or close friends might try to convince the HFA that treatment is essential, but they first have to overcome the HFA’s obstinate denial and resistance. Remember, the HFA has been able to conceal their alcoholism for years. It won’t be easy for them to admit they have a problem they can’t resolve themselves.

If you recognize the signs and symptoms, you’ve gotten past your own denial. It’s often tough for those closest to the HFAs to see the signs of alcoholism – even when they have been present for years.

Addiction experts say it’s crucial to let the HFA know how much their drinking behavior hurts you. Never approach them when they’ve been drinking or when they are suffering from the aftereffects of drinking. Wait until they are completely sober. It is also essential that the conversation is not defensive. Start by stating how you’d like things to be and emphasize your emotions and concerns. Expect the HFA to deny the issue. You could then talk about how many people can function at home or work and still be alcoholics. Denial might still – and probably will – occur. But be prepared to show tangible evidence of alcohol-related issues. Such documentation is possibly the only proof that will convince the HFA that there could be a problem with their drinking that needs addressing. However, avoid confrontation and conflict, as this won’t solve the problem.

You will also need resources to do this. Check out the assessment tools, tips on cutting back, treatment referrals and services at the NIAAA site. For instance, at-risk or heavy drinking involves consumption of more than four drinks per day or fourteen per week for men and three drinks per day or seven per week for women. Look through the FAQs for answers to the most common questions about alcoholism. Professional help to quit drinking might involve medications, alcohol counseling, or specialized intensive treatment programs. Also, on the NIAAA site you can download the NIAAA booklet Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health.

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Courtesy of Christina A few girlfriends introduced Christina to SeekingArrangement.com.
November 13, 2017
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Courtesy of Christina A few girlfriends introduced Christina to SeekingArrangement.com.

Americans owe more than $1.3 trillion to the federal government and private lenders for borrowing money to go to college. That’s more than two and a half times what they owed a decade ago, according to Pew , and it’s thanks to higher-than-ever enrollment numbers and rising college tuition costs .
“Some of [the Sugar Daddies] have that ‘white knight’ scenario where they really want to be helping somebody and saving them from their debt – or whatever you want to call it,” Germany said. The average annual income for Sugar Daddies who use SeekingArrangement.com is $250,000 and the average net worth is $1.5 million, she said, although those figures are self-reported.
Sugar Baby students get a SeekingArrangement.com premium account free of charge. A one-month membership typically costs $20 for Sugar Babies and $80 for Sugar Daddies and Mommas.

‘What are you looking for?’
To understand what one of these partnerships looks like, Business Insider spoke with Christina, a 29-year-old Sugar Baby who lives in Las Vegas.

Currently an online MBA student at Michigan State University, Christina turned to SeekingArrangement.com a few years ago for help with college costs after her uncle, who previously paid for her education, passed away.

“That was when it finally set in and I was looking at the prices and I was looking at how much debt I was getting in and I had already started my MBA,” said Christina, who received her first bachelor’s degree in fashion design and merchandising, and at the time was in the middle of earning her second bachelor’s in political science and pre-law from Oakland University. “I was like, I can’t afford this, I’m going to be paying this off for years and years and years.”

Christina is a student, cocktail waitress, and atmosphere model.

Some girlfriends introduced Christina to SeekingArrangement.com and encouraged her to find a Sugar Daddy to foot the bill. With education as her priority, Christina thought she’d probably be different than the typical Sugar Baby who was after expensive gifts and cash, she said.
“One of the very first messages that pretty much everyone sends, on either side, is ‘What are you looking for?’ because we want to make sure we’re on the same page,” Christina explained.

Christina says she isn’t willing to have sex for money, though she knows some sugar babies who do.

“I’m not a person that is interested in one-night stands with people who are visiting Vegas for a couple days – that’s not interesting to me. If that’s what you’re going to come at me with, my response is going to be, thank you for the offer, but I’m going to pass,” she said.
“On my profile it specifically says, I’m going to school for this, this is what I’m looking for, I would like help paying for my school and my books,” Christina said. That’s the kind of straightforwardness and honesty that’s expected of all users on the site, she says.

Even so, there have been situations where Christina will agree to dinner under her terms and still get propositioned for sex. She’s learned “the site isn’t foolproof,” she says. “You have to stand your ground, you need to have a backbone.”

There are expensive gifts and free trips, too
Over the past couple of years, Christina says there have been three consistent Sugar Daddies in her life who have helped her pay for school.

The Sugar Daddies plan and pay for expensive weekend trips too.

The men, at least one of whom is married with children, will ask how much she owes for school and write her a check. In total, Christina estimates she’s been given “at least $90,000” from these men and others to pay for tuition, books, labs, and other education-related costs.
“People are more gracious and more willing to do more for you [when you aren’t demanding] … as opposed to someone who’s sitting there saying, this is what I’m expecting and if I get less than this I want nothing to do with you,” she said.

Christina has been given extra money after finals week so she can pamper herself and take care of her other bills, like insurance and rent. The Sugar Daddies also plan and pay for expensive weekend trips on a whim. But ultimately, Christina says she calls the shots.

“They know that school comes first to me,” she said. “If a trip is offered to me or something and I say I can’t because I have school, they back off right away.”

The stigma is the hardest part
Christina still has two semesters left before she completes her MBA, then she’s hoping to start law school. As of now, she doesn’t expect to stay on the site when she’s finally done with school, “but that could always change,” she says.

When she’s not busy with school, Christina works as a cocktail waitress and an atmosphere model, a type of model who is paid by wealthy partiers to sit at their VIP table at a nightclub or in their cabana by the pool.

“At the end of the day, it’s benefiting me, and it’s helping me and my future,” Christina said.

It’s another source of income, so she doesn’t have to fully rely on the money she gets from her Sugar Daddies. But the earnings – anywhere from $50 to $100 an hour for atmosphere modeling – pale in comparison to what she gets from Sugar Daddies.
“It was difficult at the beginning to be like, OK I’m getting handed this money for doing really nothing, I’m literally just going to dinner, it was difficult to understand at the beginning,” Christina said.

Now, she values the relationships she’s formed and is happy with the way she’s presented herself to Sugar Daddies, as someone who can have an intellectual dinner conversation and has goals she’s working toward.

“I’m fortunate enough to, hopefully when I’m completely finished with school, to say, I have no student loans, I have no debt at all, that is going to be the easiest part [of this experience] for me,” Christina said.

But as expected, the benefit to using SeekingArrangement.com hasn’t been as clear to the naysayers, including some of Christina’s friends and family.

“I’ve had to struggle with the negative attachment that comes along with being on the site, or saying that you have a Sugar Daddy, it’s difficult to have people hear a word and automatically think negative about you, but at the same time, I have to push that stuff out of my mind,” she continued.

“At the end of the day, it’s benefiting me and it’s helping me and my future, and people’s opinions aren’t going to benefit my future.”

If you are accepting, or have accepted, money from a Sugar Daddy to pay for college and would like to share your story, please email [email protected]

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Researchers Have Found The Way To Reverse Aging In Mice And Humans
November 12, 2017
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Researchers Have Found The Way To Reverse Aging In Mice And Humans

By undoing the changes in gene activity which are brought about by everyday life, scientists have started to slow and even reverse, aging.

The scientists tweaked genes which turn adult cells back into embryonic-like ones in mice and have resonant success extending their lives.

The changes involved the reversal of mouse and human cells in vitro, which extended the life of one mouse with an accelerated-aging condition and also successfully promoted recovery from an injury in the middle-aged mouse.

According to Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, the research’s senior author and also an expert in gene expression at Salk: “aging is something plastic that we can manipulate.”

The research is continuing at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
In their research, they rejuvenated cells by briefly turning on 4 genes that can turn adult cells back into an embryonic-like state.

According to David Sinclair, a Harvard University geneticist and anti-aging researcher who wasn’t involved in the study but is doing similar work: “I do think that epigenetic reprogramming is the ultimate way to reverse aging.”

Matt Kaeberlein, a molecular biologist at the University of Washington who studies aging but wasn’t part of the work, suggests it might be possible not just to slow aging but also to reverse it. “That’s really exciting—that means that even in elderly people it may be possible to restore youthful function,” he claims.

The molecular biology community is still buzzing, and our life expectancies keep extending.

By undoing the changes in gene activity that are brought about by daily life, scientists have begun to slow, and even reverse, ageing.

The scientists tweaked genes that turn adult cells back into embryoniclike ones in mice and have resounding success extending their lives.   The changes included the reversal of mouse and human cells in vitro, extending the life of a mouse with an accelerated-aging condition and successfully promoting recovery from an injury in a middle-aged mouse.

The research is continuing at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

“Aging is something plastic that we can manipulate,” says Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, the study’s senior author and an expert in gene expression at Salk.  In their study they rejuvenated cells by briefly turning on four genes that have the capacity to convert adult cells back into an embryoniclike state.

“I do think that epigenetic reprogramming is the ultimate way to reverse aging,” says David Sinclair, a Harvard University geneticist and anti-aging researcher who was not involved in the study but is doing similar work.

Matt Kaeberlein, a molecular biologist at the University of Washington who studies aging but was not part of the work, suggests it may be possible not just to slow aging but to actually reverse it. “That’s really exciting—that means that even in elderly people it may be possible to restore youthful function,” he says.

The molecular biology community continues to buzz and our life expectancies keep extending.  This is an exciting tim to be alive.

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About Birds Birds are vertebrate animals adapted for flight.
November 12, 2017
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Many can also run, jump, swim, and dive. Some, like penguins, have lost the ability to fly but retained their wings. Birds are found worldwide and in all habitats. The largest is the nine-foot-tall ostrich. The smallest is the two-inch-long bee hummingbird.

Everything about the anatomy of a bird reflects its ability to fly. The wings, for example, are shaped to create lift. The leading edge is thicker than the back edge, and they are covered in feathers that narrow to a point. Airplane wings are modeled after bird wings.

The bones and muscles of the wing are also highly specialized. The main bone, the humerus, which is similar to the upper arm of a mammal, is hollow instead of solid. It also connects to the bird’s air sac system, which, in turn, connects to its lungs. The powerful flight muscles of the shoulder attach to the keel, a special ridge of bone that runs down the center of the wide sternum, or breastbone. The tail feathers are used for steering.

Birds have a unique digestive system that allows them to eat when they can—usually on the fly—and digest later. They use their beaks to grab and swallow food. Even the way a bird reproduces is related to flight. Instead of carrying the extra weight of developing young inside their bodies, they lay eggs and incubate them in a nest.

The fossil record shows that birds evolved alongside the dinosaurs during the Jurassic period 160 million years ago. The best known fossil is archaeopteryx, which was about the size of a crow.

Definition of bird
1 archaic :the young of a feathered vertebrate
2 :any of a class (Aves) of warm-blooded vertebrates distinguished by having the body more or less completely covered with feathers and the forelimbs modified as wings
3 :a game bird
4 :clay pigeon
5 a :fellow
b :a peculiar person
c chiefly British :girl
6 :shuttlecock
7 chiefly British
a :a hissing or jeering sound expressive of disapproval
b :dismissal from employment
8 :a thin piece of meat rolled up with stuffing and cooked
9 :a man-made object (such as an aircraft, rocket, or satellite) that resembles a bird especially by flying or being aloft
10 :an obscene gesture of contempt made by pointing the middle finger upward while keeping the other fingers down —usually used with the — called also finger
11 :birdie 2

—From the National Geographic book, Animal Encyclopedia, 2012

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Definition of bear plural bears
November 12, 2017
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or plural bear :any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair, rudimentary tails, and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit, plant matter, and insects as well as on flesh
2 :a surly, uncouth, burly, or shambling person

a tall, friendly bear of a man

3
[probably from the proverb about selling the bearskin before catching the bear]
:one that sells securities or commodities in expectation of a price decline — compare bull
4 :something difficult to do or deal with

the oven is a bear to clean

— bearlike play \-ˌlīk\ adjective

See bear defined for English-language learners

See bear defined for kids
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Examples of bear in a Sentence

Traffic in Knoxville, Tennessee, can be a bear anytime, but in late spring the slowdowns on Neyland Drive are often caused by Canada geese. —Joelle Anthony, Audubon, November-December 2004
True, the rally has been around the corner since Memorial Day. But bears have dominated market sentiment for so long since the Federal Reserve Board raised interest rates last February, that traders feel the market is headed for a major tectonic shift … —Anthony Ramirez, New York Times, 19 July 1994
Hikers in the woods are far more likely to wear a bell to deter bears than to take precautions against bees. But bears kill two to seven people in North America annually, bee stings kill 600 to 900. —Allan J. Davison, Chemical & Engineering News, 15 Mar. 1993

a mother bear and her cubs

The bears outnumbered the bulls on Wall Street today.

Recent Examples of bear from the Web

But in reality, the bear got startled by the guide’s movement and ran away.

caitlin morton, CNT, “Norway Fines Tour Guide $1,500 for Scaring a Polar Bear,” 31 Aug. 2017
To be sure, bears on the election are still in the minority.

min jeong lee, Bloomberg.com, “Skeptics Question Abe Election Joy as Topix Hits Decade High,” 18 Oct. 2017
Haribo, the German gummy bear maker that plans to build a large factory in Kenosha County, is under fire for alleged mistreatment of workers and animals by its suppliers.

rick romell, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “Gummy bear maker Haribo under fire for treatment of workers by its suppliers,” 27 Oct. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘bear.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of bear

Middle English bere, from Old English bera; akin to Old English brūn brown — more at brown

bear Synonyms
Synonyms
chore, beast, headache, job, killer, labor
Related Words
drudgery, grind, heavy lifting, lucubration; effort, strain, sweat; burden, load, weight; bother, nuisance, trouble
Near Antonyms
breeze, child’s play, cinch, duck soup, kid stuff, setup, snap
Other Mammals Terms

dormouse, dugong, gibbon, grimalkin, sable, stoat, ungulate, vole
2 bear
verb \ ˈber \
Definition of bear
bore play \ˈbȯr\; borne also born play \ˈbȯrn\; bearing
transitive verb
1 a :to move while holding up and supporting (something)
b :to be equipped or furnished with (something)
c :behave, conduct

bearing himself well

d :to have as a feature or characteristic

bears a likeness to her grandmother

e :to give as testimony

bear false witness

f :to have as an identification

bore the name of John

g :to hold in the mind or emotions

bear malice

h :disseminate
i :lead, escort
j :render, give
2 a :to give birth to
b :to produce as yield
c (1) :to permit growth of
(2) :contain

oil-bearing shale

3 a :to support the weight of :sustain
b :to accept or allow oneself to be subjected to especially without giving way

couldn’t bear the pain

I can’t bear seeing you cry

c :to call for as suitable or essential

it bears watching

d :to hold above, on top, or aloft
e :to admit of :allow
f :assume, accept
4 :thrust, press
intransitive verb
1 :to produce fruit :yield
2 a :to force one’s way
b :to extend in a direction indicated or implied
c :to be situated :lie
d :to become directed
e :to go or incline in an indicated direction
3 :to support a weight or strain —often used with up
4 a :to exert influence or force
b :apply, pertain —often used with on or upon

facts bearing on the question

— bear a hand
:to join in and help out
— bear arms
1 :to carry or possess arms
2 :to serve as a soldier
— bear fruit
:to come to satisfying fruition, production, or development :to produce a desired result or reward
— bear in mind
:to think of (something) especially as a warning :remember
— bear with
:to be indulgent, patient, or forbearing with (someone)

See bear defined for English-language learners
Examples of bear in a Sentence

A stone slab bearing 3,000-year-old writing previously unknown to scholars has been found in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and archaeologists say it is an example of the oldest script ever discovered in the Western Hemisphere. —John Noble Wilford, New York Times, 15 Sept. 2006
Large public buildings often bear only a loose resemblance to what was originally in the minds of the architects who designed them. Things get cut back to save money; somebody has second thoughts about the way part of the building will function; it takes so long to get public approval that the original idea starts to seem dated … —Paul Goldberger, New Yorker, 17 Jan. 2002
The most famous work of Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), of course, was purifying milk with the process that now bears his name. —Brendan Miniter, American Enterprise, September/October 1998
In so-called parking schemes, securities aren’t carried on the books of the true owner but are temporarily sold to someone else with the understanding that the seller will continue to bear any risk of loss and reap any profits. —James B. Stewart, New Yorker, 8 Mar. 1993
As a science fiction buff, many years ago, I remember being particularly fascinated by tales of genetic surgery. Imagine the surgeon … peering through the electron microscope, repairing the sickle-cell gene and returning the ovum to its mother, who would then bear a normal child. —Richard Novick, New York Times Book Review, 15 Feb. 1987
The sight of Niña already there, snugged down as if she had been at home a month, finished Martín Alonso Pinzón. Older than Columbus, ill from the hardships of the voyage, mortified by his snub from the Sovereigns, he could bear no more. —Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America, 1974

a symphony that can bear comparison with Beethoven’s best

The company agreed to bear the costs.

The criminals must bear full responsibility for the deaths of these innocent people.

Who will bear the blame for this tragedy?

Recent Examples of bear from the Web

UK’s September loss to Florida was particularly hard to bear because of the Gators’ 31-year winning streak against the Wildcats and because two of their touchdowns had resulted from receivers being left uncovered.

tim sullivan, The Courier-Journal, “Last-minute loss a reckoning for flawed Kentucky | Tim Sullivan,” 5 Nov. 2017
When interviewed at East Chicago Police Departmnet on Oct. 18, Shelton told police he was born and raised in East Chicago and had come back to the area in February after living in Florida, the affidavit states.

becky jacobs, Post-Tribune, “Murder charge filed in death of man, 69, shot outside East Chicago job,” 20 Oct. 2017
None of that is easy, and what may be hardest to bear is the awareness that a country can sometimes look smaller than the people who serve it.

a.o. scott, New York Times, “Review: ‘Last Flag Flying’ Is a Starry, Somber and Comic War Movie,” 2 Nov. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘bear.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Usage Note on bear

There is considerable confusion between the verbs bear and bare. It may help to remember that the verb bare has only one meaning: “to uncover,” as in “bare your shoulders” and “a dog baring its teeth.” All other uses of the verb are for bear: “bearing children,” “the right to bear arms,” “bearing up under the stress/weight,” “can’t bear the thought,” “bear south,” “it bears repeating.”

There is occasional confusion between bear and bare in adjectival uses (as in “he rubbed his bear arms”), but bear is properly a noun and only used like an adjective in the financial phrase bear market. All other uses refer to the state of being uncovered or naked and should therefore be bare: “bare necessities,” “bare essentials,” “bare arms,” “bare bones,” “bare-knuckle,” and so on.
Origin and Etymology of bear

Middle English beren to carry, bring forth, from Old English beran; akin to Old High German beran to carry, Latin ferre, Greek pherein

bear Synonyms
Synonyms
birth [chiefly dialect], deliver, drop, have, mother, produce, give birth to, live with, lump (it), stand for, tough (it) out
Antonyms
disavow, disclaim, disown, repudiate
Related Words
labor; breed, multiply, propagate, reproduce, spawn; beget, father, generate, get, sire; calve, kid, kindle, kitten, litter, pup, whelp
Near Antonyms
abort, lose, miscarry
Synonym Discussion of bear
bear, suffer, endure, abide, tolerate, stand mean to put up with something trying or painful. bear usually implies the power to sustain without flinching or breaking.

forced to bear a tragic loss

suffer often suggests acceptance or passivity rather than courage or patience in bearing.

suffering many insults

endure implies continuing firm or resolute through trials and difficulties.

endured years of rejection

abide suggests acceptance without resistance or protest.

cannot abide their rudeness

tolerate suggests overcoming or successfully controlling an impulse to resist, avoid, or resent something injurious or distasteful.

refused to tolerate such treatment

stand emphasizes even more strongly the ability to bear without discomposure or flinching.

unable to stand teasing

Bear
geographical name \ ˈber \
Definition of Bear
river 350 miles (563 kilometers) long in northern Utah, southwestern Wyoming, and southeastern Idaho flowing to Great Salt Lake
Financial Definition of BEAR
bear
noun
What It Is

A bear has a negative outlook on the market (belief that the value of an asset or market will decrease).
How It Works

Investors generally fall into two mindsets: those with an optimistic outlook who foresee prosperity, called “bulls,” and those with a pessimistic outlook who foresee decline, called “bears.”

A bearish investor will alter their portfolio strategy by liquidating securities they believe are going to lose value in the foreseeable future. A bullish investor, on the other hand, believes securities will continue to rise and would continue to invest long in securities.

Depending on an investor’s outlook, they could change from a bear to a bull or vice-versa.
Why It Matters

Market perceptions can affect securities prices depending on how many bulls or bears there are in the market. This is best expressed by the bull/bear ratio. In either case, bulls and bears can impact the direction of market movements as a result of the investments they make.

If you’re having difficulties remembering the which animal describes what, just remember: A bull attacks by thrusting his horns in an upward movement, while a bear attacks by swiping his paw in a downward movement. Therefore, if the market goes up, it’s a bull market; it the market trends down, it’s a bear market.

For more details on the history of these words, read The Quirky And Brutal Origins Of The Terms ‘Bear’ And ‘Bull.’
Source: Investing Answers
BEAR Defined for English Language Learners
bear
noun
Definition of bear for English Language Learners

: any one of a group of large and heavy animals that have thick hair and sharp claws and that can stand on two legs like a person

finance : a person who expects the price of stocks to go down and who sells them to avoid losing money

: something that is difficult to do or deal with

bear
verb
Definition of bear for English Language Learners

: to accept or endure (something) ( US )

: to be worthy of (something) : to deserve or allow (something)

: to assume or accept (something, such as cost or responsibility)

BEAR Defined for Kids
1 bear
noun \ ˈber \
Definition of bear for Students
plural bears
1 or plural bear :a large heavy mammal with long shaggy hair and a very short tail
2 :a person resembling a bear in size or behavior a large bear of a man He acted like a grumpy old bear.
2 bear
verb
Definition of bear for Students
bore \ˈbȯr\; borne \ˈbȯrn\; bearing
1 :1support 1

bear weight

2 :to move while holding up and supporting :carry

They came bearing gifts.

3 :to hold in the mind

She bears a grudge.

4 :to put up with

I can’t bear the suspense.

5 :to assume or accept

bear the blame

6 :to have as a feature or characteristic

She bears a resemblance to her sister.

7 :give birth to

bear children

8 :1produce 1

trees bearing fruit

bear interest

9 :to move or lie in the indicated direction

Bear right at the fork.

10 :to have a relation to the matter at hand

These facts don’t bear on the question.

— bear down on
:to push or lean down on

Bear down hard on your pencil.

— bear in mind
:to think of especially as a warning

Bear in mind that you only get one chance.

— bear up
:to have strength or courage

She’s bearing up under the stress.

— bear with
:to be patient with

Bear with me.

Medical Dictionary
bear
transitive verb \ ˈba(ə)r, ˈbe(ə)r \
medical Definition of bear
bore play \ˈbō(ə)r, ˈbȯ(ə)r\; borne play \ˈbō(ə)rn, ˈbȯ(ə)rn\ also born play \ˈbȯ(ə)rn\; bearing
:to give birth to
Law Dictionary
bear
verb \ ˈbar \
legal Definition of bear
bore play \ˈbōr\; borne \ˈbōrn\ also born
transitive verb
1 :to physically carry (as an object or message)

the right of the people to keep and bear arms—U.S. Constitution amend. II

2 :yield

the stock will bear a dividend

3 a :to admit of :allow

whatever price the market will bear

b :assume, accept

you bear legal responsibility for him

intransitive verb
:to relate or have relevance

will admit evidence bearing on her defense

Learn More about bear

See words that rhyme with bear Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bear Spanish Central: Translation of bear Nglish: Translation of bear for Spanish speakers Britannica English: Translation of bear for Arabic speakers Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bear

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7 Indications That You Suffer From Mental Fatigue
November 11, 2017
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7 Indications That You Suffer From Mental FatiguePhoto Credit: Division of Research

Are you feeling constantly tired? It might be more than just your body. An individual’s mental health can become fatigued as well. Do you ever feel like you simply can’t go on?

People usually suffer from mental fatigue when they’re mentally drained. The mind needs some rest too, not only the body. This drain isn’t conducive to good health, so read on to find seven symptoms of mental fatigue.

1) You are easily tired in conversations.

Do you wish that your coworker could just shut their mouth? Do you often feel annoyed when people try to start a conversation with you? That might be because your mind is trying to tell you something. If your brain just cannot handle one more conversation, it might be an indication that you need to slow down. Your brain has possibly become overloaded. Take some time to be all by yourself in quiet. You probably need this quiet time to process what others are saying.

2) There’s so much going on, and you’ve got no room to think.

Kids are playing. The television is switched on. Your mobile is ringing. The microwave timer just went off. All this is usually too much for the mind to think about at once. Your brain wasn’t designed to handle too many things at once. Start by switching off as many devices as you can. Also, try doing one thing at once, and you may find some serenity.

3) You forget things easily.

You were supposed to go to a dinner last night, but you forgot. You totally blew off your friend’s party. You don’t even remember what you came to the store for. All these are certain signs you have too much going on in there. You could get a day planner to write things down. Our brains have more room to be present when we write things down. You might even find you don’t forget things as easily.

4) You are physically fatigued for no particular reason.

Even if you got plenty of sleep, you still feel totally drained. You almost feel like you can’t move your muscles. That most probably is another proof that our brain is in overload mode. Our physical health is connected to what’s going on mentally. When you slow your mind down, then your body has space to work properly. If you are experiencing unreasonable physical symptoms of fatigue, the mind might be the culprit. Try being mindful of this very moment. Use your smell, hearing, focus on your breathing. Being mindful readily allows your body to be more efficient.

5) You can’t even think.

You’re at the office, and your brain just ceases to work. Your mind has ceased to connect properly. It feels like a computer that just browned out. What that points to is that mental blocks are the norm for you. You have crossed the realm of “mentally fatigued.” Give your mind time to recoup. You might need to make time for a mental health day. Don’t hesitate to take a day off!

6) You are an emotional roller-coaster.

Everything is a blur. You don’t know whether you want to cry or laugh hysterically. Your mood can change within an hour. Your friends are worrying what’s been up with you. These all are symptoms that your emotional balance is in trouble. Exercise, meditation, and therapy are all you need now. They’ll help you balance those emotions.

7) You rarely have down time.

If you cannot remember the last time you went on vacation, then that’s probably a reason that explains your mental fatigue. According to science, to manage mental fatigue, you should avoid all these things that lead to it. Yes, it’s so simple. One strategy involves limiting how much thinking you have to do. Try to delegate some tasks to people you trust or postpone non-urgent decisions. And, if possible, consider going on vacation

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The 5 Stages of Love: Why Too Many Stop at Stage 3
November 9, 2017
1
We all want real, lasting love, whether we are in our 20’s, 30’s, 40’s, 50’s, or beyond. Yet too many marriages fall apart and most people don’t know why. They mistakenly believe that they have chosen the wrong partner. After going through the grieving process, they start looking again. But after more than forty years as a marriage and family counselor I have found that most people are looking for love in all the wrong places. They don’t understand that Stage three of the five stages of love is not the end, but the real beginning for achieving real, lasting love:

Stage 1: Falling In Love

Falling in love is nature’s trick to get humans to pick a mate so that our species carries on. It feels so wonderful because we are awash in hormones such as dopamine, oxytocin, serotonin, testosterone, and estrogen. Falling in love also feels great because we project all our hopes and dreams on our lover. We imagine that they will fulfill our desires, give us all the things we didn’t get as children, deliver on all the promises our earlier relationships failed to fulfill. We are sure we will remain in love forever. And because we are besotted with “love hormones,” we’re not aware of any of this.

When we’re in love, we dismiss naysayers like curmudgeon George Bernard Shaw who cautioned:

When two people are under the influence of the most violent, most insane, most delusive, and most transient of passions, they are required to swear that they will remain in that excited, abnormal, and exhausting condition continuously until death do them part.

Stage 2: Becoming A Couple

At this stage our love deepens and we join together as a couple. This is a time when we have children and raise them. If we’re past the child-rearing stage, it’s the time when our couple bond deepens and develops. It’s a time of togetherness and joy. We learn what the other person likes and we expand our individual lives to begin developing a life of “the two of us.”

During this phase we experience less of the falling head-over-heels “in love” feelings. We feel more bonded with our partner. We feel warm and cuddly. The sex may not be as wild, but it’s deeply satisfying. We feel safe, cared for, cherished and appreciated. We feel close and protected. We often think this is the ultimate level of love and we expect it to go on forever. We are often blind-sided by the turn-around of stage three.

Stage 3: Disillusionment

No one told us about Stage three in understanding love and marriage. Stage three is where my first two marriages collapsed and for too many relationships this is the beginning of the end. This is a period where things begin to feel bad. It can occur slowly or can feel like a switch is flipped and everything goes wrong. Little things begin to bother us. We feel less loved and cared for. We feel trapped and want to escape.

We become more irritable and angry, or hurt and withdrawn. We may stay busy at work, or with the family, but the dissatisfactions mount. We wonder where the person we once loved has gone. We long for the love we once had, but we don’t know where it went, or how to get it back. One or the other partner wants out, or sometimes people go on “existing together,” but without really feeling intimate.

This is a time we often get sick in body, mind, and soul. In our marriage, Carlin and I both began having problems with our hearts (heartache?) and were diagnosed with atrial fibrillation. I began having serious problems with erections. To be truthful, there were times when it was miserable and we both thought about leaving the relationship.

But we didn’t give up, we kept going. There’s an old adage, “When you’re going through hell, don’t stop.” This seems to be true of this stage of life. The positive side of Stage three is that the heat burns away a lot of our illusions about ourselves and our partner. We have an opportunity to become more loving and appreciate the person we are with, not the projections we had placed on them as our “ideal mate.”

Carlin and I have now been together over thirty-five years. We’ve moved into the next stages of love and feel blessed to have learned the skills for negotiating the stage of disillusionment and can truly enjoy the later stages of love.

Stage 4: Creating Real, Lasting Love

One of the gifts of confronting the unhappiness in Stage three is we can get to the core of what causes the pain and conflict. Like most people, Carlin and I grew up in families that were dysfunctional. Both my father and mother suffered from depression and my Dad tried to take his own life when I was five years old. Carlin’s father was an angry, violent man. Her mother left him in order to protect herself and her daughter. We all have wounds and the wounds need healing if we’re to have a relationship that is real and loving.

Ongoing research from The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study demonstrates conclusively that childhood trauma can impact our physical, emotional and relational health. For the first time, I made the connection between my father’s attempted suicide when I was five and my adult depression and erectile dysfunction.

 

Carlin and I learned to be allies in helping each other understand and heal our wounds. As we began to heal, the love and laughter we thought we had lost began to flow again. We began to see each other as wonderful beings who had suffered greatly in the past and had come together to love each other and help heal our old wounds from childhood.

There’s nothing more satisfying than being with a partner who sees you and loves you for who you are. They understand that your hurtful behavior is not because you are mean and unloving, but because you have been wounded in the past and the past still lives with you. As we better understand and accept our partner, we can learn to love ourselves ever more deeply.

Stage 5: Using The Power Of Two To Change The World

No one has to remind us that the world is not doing too well. There are continuous wars and conflicts. Racial violence seems to be everywhere. We wonder whether humans can survive. I wondered, “If we can’t even find peace between two people who love each other, what chance do we have to create a world that can work for all its peoples?”

But now, I look at the flip side of that question. If we can learn to overcome our differences and find real, lasting love in our relationships, perhaps we can work together to find real, lasting love in the world.

I believe that every couple has an opportunity to use the “power of two” to address some aspect of the world’s problems that touch their lives. Carlin and I are particularly tuned to issues that face men and women at midlife. We are writing a book, You Two: Renewing Your Mid-Life Marriage for Real Lasting Love.

We’re also interested in your own journey. Please share your own experiences on the path of real, lasting love. Together we can make a difference in the world.

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Competition between crystal and fibril formation in molecular mutations of amyloidogenic peptides
November 7, 2017
0

Amyloidogenic model peptides are invaluable for investigating assembly mechanisms in disease related amyloids and in protein folding. During aggregation, such peptides can undergo bifurcation leading to fibrils or crystals, however the mechanisms of fibril-to-crystal conversion are unclear. We navigate herein the energy landscape of amyloidogenic peptides by studying a homologous series of hexapeptides found in animal, human and disease related proteins. We observe fibril-to-crystal conversion occurring within single aggregates via untwisting of twisted ribbon fibrils possessing saddle-like curvature and cross-sectional aspect ratios approaching unity. Changing sequence, pH or concentration shifts the growth towards larger aspect ratio species assembling into stable helical ribbons possessing mean-curvature. By comparing atomistic calculations of desolvation energies for association of peptides we parameterise a kinetic model, providing a physical explanation of fibril-to-crystal interconversion. These results shed light on the self-assembly of amyloidogenic peptides, suggesting amyloid crystals, not fibrils, represent the ground state of the protein folding energy landscape.
Amyloid fibrils are implicated in over 20 neurodegenerative diseases, with no curative therapies available to date. A number of amyloids with beneficial functions, the so-called functional amyloids, have also been discovered in biology1. Furthermore, amyloids have found applications in technological fields as diverse as tissue engineering, energy, biosensing and water treatment
Short amyloidogenic peptide sequences identified from disease-related proteins are highly valuable as reductionist models to study molecular organisation in amyloids6,7,8,9,10,11. Structural diversity can lead to a rich variety of morphologies including filaments12, nanotubes13, helical ribbons6,14, twisted ribbons14 and crystals6,7,8,9,15, a phenomenon known as amyloid polymorphism. The availability of crystalline polymorphs is particularly important as it allows, via X-ray crystallography, the precise determination of molecular organisation in amyloid-like species7,8. Currently, the mechanisms governing fibril-crystal interconversion are unclear and a number of different hypothesis have been proposed including, differing side chain packing9, nucleation of fibrils from crystals7, fragmentation or dissolution of one polymorph to the other9. Without a detailed knowledge of the mechanisms leading to crystal formation it is impossible to definitively link the crystal structures with those of more disease-relevant fibrils or protofilaments9. A molecular understanding of the amyloid crystallisation mechanism is also of fundamental importance in the field of protein folding, allowing us to place the amyloid crystal in the protein folding energy landscape of which the amyloid fibril has been hypothesised to be the ground state16,17.

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mintvine, my best site at all, you will enjoy it
November 7, 2017
0

hello all,
i am new here, and my first post is about mintvine.com
it is one of the best survey sites you can earn at least 200 points daily and every 100 points=1$
i think it is very good and easy way
enjoy it!
i joined a year ago and i have earned a lot of money
the surveys very easy and funny
wish you all try it and if anyone had any question, please ask me and i will help you
you can redeem points with paypal or gift cards
it is open for Canada and US only
first, you will start with some profile questions and then the site will send you surveys via email or you can do surveys from the site directly.
you can also make money with easy offers.
you will earn your first 100 points for just sign up
there is also a referral program, you will earn 15% from each person you invite
all surveys take about 10-20 minutes to complete or less some times.
there are also daily boll, you will earn 5 points every day for a question and for every 1o polls you will earn extra 25 points
it is very good site, just try it.
if you are disqualified from a survey don’t worry you will earn 4-6 points.
Rewards
When your account reaches 1000 approved points ($10), you may redeem your points for cash paid to your PayPal or Dwolla account. Alternatively, you may request an electronic gift code to Amazon, Target, and other retailers. Redemptions take approximately 3-5 business days to process. A valid phone number may be required to cash out your rewards.

Points for Survey Disqualifications
Receive up to 6 points credited to your account when you are disqualified from completing a survey.

Referral Program
Earn 15% from each referred friend’s future earnings on all surveys and offers. Your unique referral code will be listed in your account. Once your friend completes their first survey, you will also receive a 50 point bonus (worth $0.50).

Survey Lengths
Most online surveys will take between 10-20 minutes to complete. The estimated completion time will always be listed on the survey invitation.

Daily Polls
Log into your account daily to receive 5 or more points for taking the quick poll available in your MintVine dashboard. You may complete one poll every 24 hours. Complete a poll streak (10 polls) and earn 25 points.

Earn Extra Points with Local Deals
Local Deals are provided by businesses and offer additional opportunities to earn points with MintVine. These opportunities are also listed in your MintVine dashboard.

How to Redeem Points
Once you have earned a minimum of 1000 approved points ($10 worth), a redemption button will become active in the “Current Earnings” section of your account. You can then choose a cash payment option or request an electronic gift card.

Eligibility: USA, UK, Canada residents 13 years of age and older

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“Partial credit gone”
November 03, 2017 by Mike from United States

Mintvine was one of my top two panels for a while , but things have been going downhill. I noticed that you are back in this “funnel” type surveys with no partial points for partial surveys. If you get Dq’ed you now take one after another random survey without your choice of topic or knowing how long or compensation. Also looks like the higher paid $2-$3 dollar surveys which offset having to wait almost a month for points to clear and getting your payment approved. Very disappointed of recent changes.

Update: I was very anxious about the survey panel changing name and changes that warns on site. It seemed to be more than a coincidence that things were different on Nov 1st. and wasn’t giving partial credit or returning to home page to tell you survey topic, length and pay. but things are back the way they were for the moment and just took a survey that paid 3.60 in points and am getting partial credit on most survey attempts. Hope it stays that way.
“Well worth your time”
November 02, 2017 by Mitchell from United States

Mintvine is one on a very short list of the best, top notch survey sites. A great site to work for no problems of any kind if you do have one no need to worry they get back to you fast and work/work with you to solve it. They post the date of your payout on your dash board and there fast with them most of the time you get it in 7 days using paypal or e-gift cards using your email but they do there very best to get them to you a day early. Looking for a survey site to work with look no more this is the one you want.

Update, Over the past few days i’ve been having problems with surveys ending with a error this time it cost me 400 points before i haven’t reported it but this one is hard to overlook. I’M not gonna lower my ranking on them.
“it amazing”
October 30, 2017 by jordan from United States

and if you dont agree then leave me a reply and maybe we can have a chat or sometime
“Best panel”
October 27, 2017 by steve from United States

I belong to many survey panels, this is by far the best one!!!
“better survey rewards can be found somewhere else”
October 27, 2017 by Patrick from United States

At first I had no problem, plenty of surveys and the rewards built up. That is where the problems start. If you dont get your gift card in a few days like they promise, you have to attempt to contact their customer service. Out of four gift cards, only one came on time, 2 only showed up after I contact their customer service, and one never did.

On the average it will take 3-4 emails to even hear back from their customer service. It’s not worth the small pay outs for the headache you will go through to get your gift card. Go do surveys someplace else.
Mintvine panelreply

MintVine responded to this review on October 27, 2017

We are sorry to hear about this negative experience and thank you for your feedback.

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How to start an online store and work from home with less than $1000
October 22, 2017
0

Build an online store with zero experience required!

Step 1. Decide what you want to sell and who your going to be selling it to.

This requires lots of market research and its important to find a niche’ that is affordable and popular enough to earn the kind of profits that will keep your business afloat. There are several wholesale websites that can supply your store. I suggest buying from a wholesale retailer rather than someone like amazon because with markups on your items you can usually get more for less. For example, say your selling yarn on your website with all different colors for $4 a ball. On wholesale sites like DHGate, you may be able to find a deal where you can pay $5 for 10 balls of yarn. Buying in bulk like this will keep your store stocked and make the shipping process faster because most wholesale websites sell products from places like India and China. So its smart to buy what you need all at once.

You also need to think of who your going to be selling your products to. For example, If your selling yarn; your customer base is going to be ages 35+.  You need to think about where you will advertise. Many people ages 35+ don’t have a Facebook. That’s one marketing plot that may not go well. If your selling something everyone needs or wants Facebook can be a very rewarding way to advertise. Word of mouth can go a long way

Step 2. Pick a name for your website and purchase it.

This can be very expensive depending on how catchy or original the name you pick is. I suggest going to Godaddy you can find websites for as cheap as 99 cents. For example sallysyarnbarn.com is $11.99, but if you want something a little more catchy like yarnstore.com you’ll be paying about $1,500 for that domain name. That doesn’t include hosting or a website builder either that’s just for the name. If you are tech savvy and know how to write html code you can get a server for around $125 for 3 years. Or you can use Godaddy’s website builder that is relatively cheap and create your site with that. Its pretty simple to add code from Paypal or whoever you decide to accept payments through and place them under images of your products.

Step 3. Advertise your new business.

Now that you have your niche’ and a website and have started to put products on it you need to get the word out there so people can start buying stuff from your website. Start with friends and tell them to help you spread the word. Seems like a lame way to advertise but can prove to be quite rewarding if your customer service and products are worth mentioning. You can also try putting an ad in the paper or advertising online with Facebook or Google Ads.

Thanks for reading, if you have any questions or need help feel free the leave a comment or message me.

 

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