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A.P.J Abdul Kalam – My Life – First lesson
November 15, 2017
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With Jalauddin’s words in my ears I would lie back and look up at the twinkling stars and the moon. My dearest wish was to reach for the sky. I actually wanted to be out there, up in the sky, among those stars, studying them, flying close to them, learning where they had come from. The wonders of the sky held a special fascination for me and if I knew then that my work as an adult would have me building satellites and rockets that travelled far above the earth and studied the sky and the land below, how happy I would have been!

Jalaluddin was one of the first people to inspire me to think beyond life at Rameswaram. He himself had studied more than most others in the family and recognized the love of books and learning that ran in me. He became a friend to me, inspiring me by telling me about famous people’s lives, or how the world was like. At the same time, he also helped my father out in his work.

Our family had a ferry business and our boat took pilgrims who came to Rameswaram to Dhanushkodi by sea. I, too, used to sit in the boat sometimes and go to Dhanushkodi and back with all the pilgrims. But one day, there was a terrible cyclonic storm. It started getting windy in the evening and by sunset the waves had become bigger and wilder. The wind picked up by the minute and howled over our homes. The rain was fierce and started coming down in sheets. We were all safely inside our houses, sitting in the light of the lamps, trying to be the closest to our mother as the thunder rolled and the lightning flashed. All through the night the storm continued and we fell asleep still sitting close to one another.

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A.P.J Abdul Kalam – My Life – First lesson
November 15, 2017
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The most exciting job that I had as a child was that of collecting newspapers. Rameswaram had a tiny railway station, but the train that passed through did not stop
there during the days of the War. But this train also brought the town’s newspapers. So the only way for the newspapers to get collected was for someone to stand at the door of the chugging train and throw the bundles on to the platform. I had the job of standing on the platform to collect these bundles of newspapers and taking them to my cousin Samsuddin who distributed them across the town.

In the morning, I could be found waiting at the railway platform, my ears tuned to hear the whistle or clattering of the wheels of the train. Then it would come into view, rushing up busily, puffing smoke and making a lot of noise. Waiting to catch the first glimpse of the train’s smoke, I started thinking about how steam engines work and the complex machinery required to turn steam into locomotion. This was where my fascination with engines and with the story of the invention of the steam engine began.

I would be hopping from one foot to another, anticipating the newspaper bundles getting thrown out of the moving train. Then there they would come, landing with big thuds near my feet. The person inside would wave at me as the train chugged away whistling and puffing steam. I would pick up the bundles and take them away. They would be heavy but in my youthful excitement, that didn’t matter.

In the evenings, when school was done, I went to meet Samsuddin again. Then, he and another cousin would read from the newspaper, telling about all that was happening in the world outside our town. How I longed to go out and see parts of this world for myself. They read aloud about the War, the unfolding freedom movement in India, little snippets of local news, the prices of various commodities. Everything seemed so big and important and faraway. Jalaluddin, a relative who had moved to Rameswaram on work and with whom I shared a special friendship, would tell me, ‘See, Abdul, you too will go out there one day and see more of this world. You must study hard and go to a big school and then college.’

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A.P.J Abdul Kalam – My Life – First lesson
November 15, 2017
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Carrying a few coconuts back with us, I would hurry on ahead as we neared our home, eager to tell my mother and elder sister all about the things I had seen. They, too, would listen to my stories as I got prepared for the day.

Other than my parents, we were many brothers and sisters in that house. My sister Zohra used to take special care of me. I think she was especially fond of me as I was not as naughty as some of the other children. I was quite dreamy and loved to spend time on my own, either by the seaside watching the birds fly around or looking for patterns in the clouds. My mind was always full of questions like why can birds fly and not us? How does the beating of the wings keep the birds up in the sky? Does the sun really fall into the sea at the end of the day? Where do the waves come from and where do they go? I asked these questions to my elders, and when I didn’t get the replies I wanted from them, I looked for them in books.

At the time, there were very few books available for children to read. Adults, too, mostly only read the newspapers. However, there was one person in that small town who had many books and who made sure anyone who wanted to read could do so. His name was S.T.R. Manickam and he was a freedom fighter. After dinner, I was allowed to go to his home library and look through his many books. His house was on a main road, and I felt a thrill each time I entered it. What book would I get to read today? Manickam himself helped me choose books that I could read. They were fairytales and biographies and books that explained everyday occurrences in simple language. Sitting there, among the tall bookshelves, the light coming feebly from some lamps, I would look at the flickering shadows of the cupboards on the walls, see my own wavering shadow among them, and then lose myself in a world of words and knowledge and imagination. That little library was my first introduction to the wonderful world of books.

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A.P.J Abdul Kalam – My Life – First lesson
November 15, 2017
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‘Appa, did you hear how loudly that crow just cawed?’

‘Appa, why does the sky change in colour so many times from morning to night? Do you think it likes to change clothes like us?’

‘Appa, why does it rain? I like rain because then my friends and I can splash in the puddles in school and Amma makes special bhajjis.’

My father would listen to all this chatter patiently, with a smile on his face. We walked to the end of the road, went by the mosque, past the famous Rameswaram temple and then took a route to his coconut grove. There, I sat by his side and listened to him talk to the caretaker about soil and manure and rains. I loved standing under those tall trees and looking into the swaying fronds. The light would flicker in and out between the leaves, teasing my eyes. I would close one eye and the light would seem even brighter, as if the morning sun was winking back at me, telling me to have fun through the day.

It was thrilling when someone climbed up right to the top of the tree to cut the coconuts. This could only be done by skilled climbers. They climbed up the straight trunk as easily as if they were walking up a gently sloping hill. With a cleaver tucked in his belt to cut the coconut with, the man hugged the tree with hands and feet in a swift practiced pattern. Once at the top, he cut the coconuts and they fell below the tree with loud thuds. For a while, before I wanted to be a pilot, I was sure that being one of the tree-climbing men in the coconut grove would be a wonderful occupation when I was
older. After all, no one can climb higher than that and you could look far into the distance from the top of the trees.

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A.P.J Abdul Kalam – My Life – First lesson
November 15, 2017
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Have you ever seen a beautiful sunset? I have, when I was a little boy, standing near the sea at Rameswaram, the town where I grew up. As the sun goes lower and lower, the sky turns a vivid red and golden. The sea reflects this beautiful play of colours, and as you keep watching, the sun dips further till it seems to disappear into the water.

This is one of my favourite memories of my boyhood—of standing by the seashore, watching the sun go down, and then racing home to my mother. Our house was in a street called Mosque Street, and it was built by my father. I was born in this house on 15 October 1931. In fact, I am told that I was the first child to be born in this house! I was the youngest of all my siblings. There were so many of us living in that house! Some of you may know what it is like to live with brothers and sisters and aunts and uncles and grandparents. We, too, lived like that—always surrounded by elders and children, old and young. We had so much fun, playing games, studying and going to school together.

This does not mean that we were very rich. My father had some land where he grew coconut and other plants. He also had a boat that was used to ferry pilgrims. We were comfortably off and I went to the local school with all the other children. My mother, Ashiamma, was a wonderful cook. I may be old now, but I still remember the taste of the sambar and chutney she made for us that we ate from banana leaves sitting on the kitchen floor.

My father would visit his coconut grove frequently. On the days he went there, he woke up very early and walked to the plantation which was some distance from thehouse. I loved to accompany him but could go only on some days, when I didn’t have school or classes to attend. We would set out from our home before the sun was up and the light was only beginning to appear in the sky. It was usually cool and there would be a breeze coming in from the sea. I would hold his hand and walk quietly by his side for he would be saying his prayers under his breath. Then, something interesting would catch my attention, and I would forget to be quiet.

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Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM : A PEOPLE’S PRESIDENT
November 15, 2017
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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, born on 15th October, 1931 in a small village in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, rose to become the President of India.
Even though he came from a poor and humble background, his desire to contribute to society never faded from his vision. He specialized in Aeronautical
Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology. Dr. Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. In 1969, Dr.
Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) where he was the project director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini Satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980.

Dr. Kalam’s contribution to the scientific world was immense, yet he was always modest about his achievements. After working for two decades in ISRO and
mastering launch vehicle technologies, Dr. Kalam took up the responsibility of developing Indigenous Guided Missiles at DRDO as the Chief Executive of
Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operationalisation of AGNI and PRITHVI
Missiles and for building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions. He was the Scientific Adviser to Defence
Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999.It is no surprise that Dr. Kalam was known as India’s Missile Man.

Dr. Kalam was elected as 11th President of India in July, 2002. As President, he shared his vision for India, addressing youth and old with the same passion which formed his entire life. Dr. Kalam was passionate for transforming society through technology especially in inspiring the youth of India to harness Science and Technology for human welfare.

Dr. Kalam, inspite of his achievements, always wanted to be remembered as a teacher. And it was as a teacher addressing a gathering at IIM Shillong that he breathed his last on the evening of 27th July, 2015. The photographs taken from the archives of Press Information Bureau and the Photo Division are being
released as a Photo Feature as a tribute to this great Son of India.

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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931–2015) General History
November 15, 2017
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In 1963 Kalam was sent to the US for a six-month training programme on sounding rocket launching techniques.Years later the amusing suggestion was
made that Kalam had learnt his space technology during that visit, but what attracted Kalam most was a painting at the Wallops Island facility, depicting Tipu Sultan’s soldiers using rockets against the British during the 18th century Anglo-Mysore wars (– incidentally a subject shared interest).

After the successful launches of sounding rockets at TERLS, Sarabhai began conceptualizing an Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV). As a space programme
began getting formulated and the Space Science and Technology Centre (later named VSSC after Vikram Sarabhai) came up at Veli Hill, I got to work with Kalam more closely. Among these projects were one on rarefied gas dynamics (with S. M. Deshpande), developing Monte Carlo codes for solving the Boltzmann equation on problems such as determination of satellite drag, and another on high-velocity flows (with N. M. Reddy) on heat transfer on nose
cones and in nozzles. This and a variety of technical reviews took some of us to Trivandrum every now and then. Meanwhile in 1972, following the untimely
passing away of Vikram Sarabhai the previous year when he was only 52, Satish Dhawan had taken over as Chairman of a reorganized ISRO and heading
the newly established Space Commission and Department of Space The development of an Indian SLV that could put a small 40 kg class Indian
satellite into low-earth orbit quickly became the most ambitious project on the ISRO agenda. Kalam was appointed Project Manager of the SLV-3 mission (as
the vehicle got to be designated). This was a somewhat surprising appointment, and there were members of the scientific community who were skeptical about the project’s chances of success, both within and outside ISRO, and the adequacy of Kalam for the task. However Dhawan had seen enough of Kalam in operation to conclude that he was one person who had delivered on what he had promised, because of his remarkable ability to work in teams and lead them. When the first launch failed in 1979 the fears of the pessimists seemed confirmed. However the second one launched a year later succeeded,
and placed a 35 kg Rohini satellite in a 400 km orbit. The story of what happened immediately after these two events is well known: after the failure,
Kalam wanted to resign, but Dhawan, who persuaded him to stay, faced the press answering the inevitable awkward questions. After a long internal meeting
analysing the causes of the failure, Kalam formally took responsibility for it, an admission that was followed by complete silence in the meeting, till Dhawan
concluded it saying ‘I am going to put Kalam in orbit!’. After the success of the second launch Dhawan chose to remain in the background and asked Kalam to go talk to the press.

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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931–2015) General History
November 15, 2017
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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, a distinguished aerospace technologist who led the development of the country’s first satellite launch vehicle as well as
the first indigenous operational missiles, then went on to become first the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister and later the Principal Scientific Adviser to
the Government of India, and finally entered national politics as the 11th President of the Republic, passed away on 27 July 2015 as he had just begun to address students at the Indian Institute of Management at Shillong. His death has taken away one of the most remarkable and charismatic figures, not only in Indian science and technology but also in Government, politics and public life.

Kalam was born in Rameswaram (Tamil Nadu) on 15 October 1931 to Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma, parents of modest means whose income Kalam supported by selling newspapers when he was a young boy. After schooling in the neighbourhood, he went to Tiruchirappalli in 1950, and obtained a B Sc in Physics from St Joseph’s College in 1954. He found physics was not his cup of tea, and furthermore jobs for physicists were scarce. So during the next three years he studied aeronautical engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology, where he obtained a Diploma (equivalent to a Bachelor’s degree, DMIT), and went to HAL Bangalore for shop-floor training. He wanted to be a pilot, but just missed being selected by IAF. However he got a position at the Directorate of echnical Development and Production (DTD&P (Air)) at Delhi in 1955, and three years later was posted to the Aeronautical Development Estab lishment (ADE) at Bangalore. Here he designed and operated the country’s first ground effect machine or hovercraft, which attracted a great deal of technical and political attention as it could be a useful transport vehicle in an otherwise difficult terrain like the Rann of Kutch or any river delta. Although a flying prototype
won excited praise from Defence Minister V. K. Krishna Menon, the project was inexplicably shelved – it was Kalam’s first experience with the harsh
realities of public decision-making. Fortunately M. G. K. Menon (Director of TIFR at the time), visiting ADE, was quick to recognize Kalam’s unusual abilities, drive and passion; this led to Vikram Sarabhai (who was then heading the Indian National Committee for Space Research) hiring Kalam in 1964 as a
Rocket Engineer at the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) near Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). Here Kalam led a series of programmes including fibre-reinforced plastic technology development, and was Chief Designer for a Rocket-Assisted Take-Off system for aircraft. At that time the programme conceived by Sarabhai was still in its initial stages; its assets, including Kalam and some of his sounding rockets and equipment, were housed in an ancient church building that had been generously handed over by the Bishop of Trivandrum for use in Sarabhai’s projects. During some of the visits I made there at that time, both guests and hosts, including Kalam and his colleagues, stayed at what was called the Rocket Club in the City and ate at the Railway Station: Kalam was a vegetarian, spoke only Tamil and English and was already a popular figure among the engineers working there, who ffectionately called him ‘Kalam Iyer’.

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Puerto Rico strive for greatness
October 16, 2017
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As the hurricane try’s to bring hysteria among the great people of Puerto Rico . Bringing or hauling fear to some who lost hope , the Governor strive for greatness to hopefully receive 95 percent of power. Neither sitting down or giving up he is fighting for all his people. Many cant sleep , many are hungry weeping for something to eat. I only can imagine the children’s pleading for something to eat . This country will surely prosper by how dedicate each individual aid one another.  Friends and family assembly to conquer the negative to turn it positive. They too are Americans , strength is always the Puerto Rican prestige.  Its not going to be easy power might be receive by December or more or less. That’s besides the point we have a great country having 15 percent of electricity might be small now but in no time they will progress. But my main concern is that the people needs nutrients something to survive from that hurricane. Hurricane Maria was devastating leaving 90 percent on the island without electricity. Without the need of electricity and running water the people our striving to work together to help strangers .People they never even met or set their deference’s to assist each other. FEMA  gave the estimate of approximately 19,000 federal civilian personnel and members of the military contributing to recover Puerto Rico. The Govern and aid will make effort on restoring the power that was lost. Returning several necessity required an operation that must be accomplished. Govern Ricardo Rossello is hoping for his prayer to be answered and I know it will be. The House of Democrat ask the Department of Homeland Security to investigate the water if it will be safe to drink . Drinking water are being tested if its not hazardous . If the water is contaminated it will be a consequence anyone might walk in into. Bennie Thompson breakdown the gist of what’s happening in the islands we have some information . Many Puerto Rican are wafting hour days for word of having something to drink. Whatever can be achieve will be conquered.

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World First Largest Boat : It was Noah’s Ark
July 22, 2017
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Well It’s amazing to know that world first largest boat was made by Noah’s.It’s is Noah’s Ark.You havent heard this story before but dont worry here its new for you.  In that Ark’s earth every single type of animal can stay.That Ark’s is FOUND in Turkey Mountain.

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Noah’s Ark (Hebrew: Biblical Hebrew: Tevat Noaḥ) is the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative (Genesis chapters 6–9) by which God spares Noah, his family, and a remnant of all the world’s animals from the flood. According to Genesis, God gave Noah instructions for building the ark. Seven days before the deluge, God told Noah to enter the ark with his household and the animals. The story goes on to describe the ark being afloat for 150 days and then coming to rest on the Mountains of Ararat and the subsequent receding of the waters. The story is repeated, with variations, in the Quran, where the ark appears as Safina Nūḥ‎ (Arabic: سفينة نوح‎‎ “Noah’s boat”). The Genesis flood narrative is similar to numerous other flood myths from a variety of cultures. The earliest known written flood myth is the Sumerian flood myth found in the Epic of Ziusudra.

Searches for Noah’s Ark have been made from at least the time of Eusebius (c.275–339 CE) to the present day. There is no scientific evidence for a global flood, and despite many expeditions, no evidence of the ark has been found. The challenges associated with housing all living animal types, and even plants, would have made building the ark a practical impossibility.

 

Noah in Islam

In contrast to the Jewish tradition, which uses a term that can be translated as a “box” or “chest” to describe the Ark, surah 29:15 of the Quran refers to it as a safina, an ordinary ship, and surah 54:13 describes the ark as “a thing of boards and nails”. Abd Allah ibn Abbas, a contemporary of Muhammad, wrote that Noah was in doubt as to what shape to make the ark, and that Allah revealed to him that it was to be shaped like a bird’s belly and fashioned of teak wood.

Abdallah ibn ‘Umar al-Baidawi, writing in the 13th century, explains that in the first of its three levels wild and domesticated animals were lodged, in the second the human beings, and in the third the birds. On every plank was the name of a prophet. Three missing planks, symbolizing three prophets, were brought from Egypt by Og, son of Anak, the only one of the giants permitted to survive the Flood. The body of Adam was carried in the middle to divide the men from the women. Surah 11:41 says: “And he said, ‘Ride ye in it; in the Name of Allah it moves and stays!'”; this was taken to mean that Noah said, “In the Name of Allah!” when he wished the ark to move, and the same when he wished it to stand still.

Noah spent five or six months aboard the ark, at the end of which he sent out a raven. But the raven stopped to feast on carrion, and so Noah cursed it and sent out the dove, which has been known ever since as the friend of humanity. The medieval scholar Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn Masudi (died 956) wrote that Allah commanded the Earth to absorb the water, and certain portions which were slow in obeying received salt water in punishment and so became dry and arid. The water which was not absorbed formed the seas, so that the waters of the flood still exist. Masudi says that the ark began its voyage at Kufa in central Iraq and sailed to Mecca, circling the Kaaba before finally traveling to Mount Judi, which surah 11:44 states was its final resting place. This mountain is identified by tradition with a hill near the town of Jazirat ibn Umar on the east bank of the Tigris in the province of Mosul in northern Iraq, and Masudi says that the spot could be seen in his time.

Judaism :

 

Talmudic tractates Sanhedrin, Avodah Zarah and Zevahim relate that, while Noah was building the ark, he attempted to warn his neighbors of the coming deluge, but was ignored or mocked. In order to protect Noah and his family, God placed lions and other ferocious animals to guard them from the wicked who tried to stop them from entering the ark. According to one Midrash, it was God, or the angels, who gathered the animals to the ark, together with their food. As there had been no need to distinguish between clean and unclean animals before this time, the clean animals made themselves known by kneeling before Noah as they entered the ark. A differing opinion said that the ark itself distinguished clean animals from unclean, admitting seven pairs each of the former and one pair each of the latter.

According to Sanhedrin 108B, Noah was engaged both day and night in feeding and caring for the animals, and did not sleep for the entire year aboard the ark. The animals were the best of their species, and so behaved with utmost goodness. They abstained from procreation, so that the number of creatures that disembarked was exactly equal to the number that embarked. The raven created problems, refusing to leave the ark when Noah sent it forth and accusing the patriarch of wishing to destroy its race, but as the commentators pointed out, God wished to save the raven, for its descendants were destined to feed the prophet Elijah

According to one tradition, refuse was stored on the lowest of the ark’s three decks, humans and clean beasts on the second, and the unclean animals and birds on the top; a differing interpretation described the refuse as being stored on the utmost deck, from where it was shoveled into the sea through a trapdoor. Precious stones, said to be as bright as the noon sun, provided light, and God ensured that food remained fresh Some more unorthodox interpretations of the ark narrative also surfaced: the 12th-century Jewish commentator Abraham ibn Ezra interpreted the ark as being a vessel that remained underwater for 40 days, after which it floated to the surface.

 

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