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how a human brain works
March 29, 2018
1

Every animal you can think of — mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians — has a brain. But the human brain is unique. Although it’s not the largest, it gives us the power to speak, imagine and problem solve. It is truly an amazing organ.

The brain performs an incredible number of tasks including the following:

  • It controls body temperature, blood pressure,  rate and breathing.
  • It accepts a flood of information about the world around you from your various senses ( and touching).
  • It handles your physical movement when walking, talking, standing or sitting.
  • It lets you think reason and experience emotions.

All of these tasks are coordinated, controlled and regulated by an organ that is about the size of a small head of cauliflower.

Your brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves make up a complex, integrated information-processing and control system known as your central nervous system. In tandem, they regulate all the conscious and unconscious facets of your life. The scientific study of the brain and nervous system is called neuroscience or neurobiology. Because the field of neuroscience is so vast — and the brain and nervous system are so complex — this article will start with the basics and give you an overview of this complicated organ.

We’ll examine the structures of the brain and how each section controls our daily functions, including motor control, visual processing, auditory processing, sensation, learning, memory and emotions.

Your brain is made of approximately 100 billion nerve  called neurons. Neurons have the amazing ability to gather and transmit electrochemical signals — think of them like the gates and wires in a

Neurons share the same characteristics and have the same makeup as other , but the electrochemical aspect lets them transmit signals over long distances (up to several feet or a few meters) and send messages to each other.

  • Cell body or soma. This main part has all of the necessary components of the cell, such as the nucleus (which contains), endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes (for building proteins) and mitochondria (for making energy). If the cell body dies, the neuron dies.
  • Axon . This long, cablelike projection of the cell carries the electrochemical message (nerve impulse or action potential) along the length of the cell. Depending upon the type of neuron, axons can be covered with a thin layer of myelin sheath, like an insulated electrical wire. Myelin is made of  and protein, and it helps to speed transmission of a nerve impulse down a long axon. Myelinated neurons are typically found in the peripheral nerves (sensory and motor neurons), while non-myelinated neurons are found in the brain and spinal cord.
  • Dendrites or nerve endings. These small, branchlike projections of the cell make connections to other cells and allow the neuron to talk with other cells or perceive the environment. Dendrites can be located on one or both ends of a cell.

Neurons come in many sizes. For example, a single sensory neuron from your fingertip has an axon that extends the length of your arm, while neurons within the brain may extend only a few millimeters.

They also have different shapes depending on their functions. Motor neurons that control contractions have a body on one end, a long axon in the middle and dendrites on the other end. Sensory neurons have dendrites on both ends, connected by a long axon with a cell body in the middle. Interneurons, or associative neurons, carry information between motor and sensory neurons.

These fundamental members of the nervous system also vary with respect to their functions.

  • Sensory neurons carry signals from the outer parts of your body (periphery) into the central nervous system.
  • Motor neurons (motoneurons) carry signals from the central nervous system to the outer parts (muscles, skin, glands) of your body.
  • Interneurons connect various neurons within the brain and spinal cord.

The simplest type of neural pathway is a monosynaptic (single connection) reflex pathway, like the knee-jerk reflex. When the doctor taps the right spot on your knee with a rubber hammer, receptors send a signal into the spinal cord through a sensory neuron. The sensory neuron passes the message to a motor neuron that controls your leg muscles. Nerve impulses travel down the motor neuron and stimulate the appropriate leg muscle to contract. The response is a muscular jerk that happens quickly and does not involve your brain. Humans have lots of hardwired reflexes like this, but as tasks become more complex, the pathway circuitry gets more complicated and the brain gets involved.

The simplest possible creatures have incredibly basic nervous systems made up of nothing but reflex pathways. For example, flatworms and invertebrates don’t have centralized brains. They have loose associations of neurons arranged in straightforward reflex pathways. Flatworms have neural nets, or individual neurons linked together that form a net around the entire animal.

Most invertebrates (such as the lobster) have modest “brains” that consist of localized collections of neuronal cell bodies called ganglia. Each ganglion controls sensory and motor functions in its segment through reflex pathways, and the ganglia are linked together to form a simple nervous system. As nervous systems evolved, chains of ganglia evolved into more centralized simple brains.

Brains evolved from ganglia of invertebrates. Regardless of the animal, brains have the following parts:

  • The brain stem, which consists of the medulla (an enlarged portion of the upper spinal cord), pons and midbrain (lower animals have only a medulla). The brain stem controls the reflexes and automatic functions (), limb movements and visceral functions (digestion, urination).
  • The cerebellum integrates information from the vestibular system that indicates position and movement and uses this data to coordinate limb movements.
  • The hypothalamus and pituitary gland are responsible for visceral functions, body temperature and behavioral responses such as feeding, drinking, aggression and pleasure.
  • The cerebrum (also called the cerebral cortex or just the cortex) consists of the cortex, large fiber tracts (corpus callosum) and some deeper structures (basal ganglia, amygdala and hippocampus). It integrates info from all of the sense organs, initiates motor functions, controls emotions and holds memory and thought processes (emotional expression and thinking are more prevalent in higher mammals).

 

Lower animals, such as fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds, don’t do much “thinking,” but instead concern themselves with the everyday business of gathering  eating, drinking, , reproducing and defending themselves.

These are instinctual processes [source: ]. Therefore, their brains are organized along the major centers that control these function

We humans perform these functions as well, and so have a “reptilian” brain built into us. That means we have the same parts of the brain found in reptiles, namely the brain stem and the cerebellum.

Ready to learn about the lower brain? We’ll discuss that on the next page

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what is hate of the world and people
March 28, 2018
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ate, as a mode of guilt or of pride, generates destructive thoughts (but at a lesser intensity than paranoia). Antithetical thoughts, when directed to other people, represent pride ; when directed to oneself, represent guilt. [¹]. At a much lesser intensity of denigration, criticisms of other people represent jealousy, whilst criticisms of myself arise from my sense of idealism.

Hate by itself is the emotional dynamic of the ability to sustain long periods of concentration and meditation. It does not require an object to focus on (it mirrors pure love in this respect) ; it is a general-purpose tool for cutting positive attachments, especially in relationships (for example, pride in hate mode rejects another person, whereas hate by itself rejects any pleasant attachment to the other person). Hate produces clear thinking and strengthens a person’s will power. It supports the desire for solitude. It cools the mind and may easily be mistaken for a mild sense of peace. It is likely to be the prevailing mood when a meditator claims that they are no longer acting from a sense of ego. The skilful way of using hate is to clear the mind of redundant attachments and desires.

Hate has more corrosive effects on the soul and life of a hater than to the hated. It is a psychoanalytical problem of the hater. What are the sources or reasons of hate? In which part of society is hate more prevalent? In learnt and educated or in people who are less exposed to education and weaker in reasoning or just equally rampant irrespective of education and reasoning capabilities? What do you think cures hate ?

The Hate Study

In 2008, two scientists decided to launch a study to investigate whether the emotion of hatred was rooted in some consistent biology. Their first problem, in framing this study, was narrowing down the vast menagerie of different kinds of hatred. They decided that they’d begin their study by asking one human to hate another human. Even then, they knew that their request wasn’t all that specific. As the scientists, Semir Zeki and John Paul Romaya, wrote in the study itself, “Hatred against an individual may be seemingly irrational and rooted in remote anthropological instincts. Hate based on race or religion would probably fall under this heading. On the other hand, an individual may trace the hatred to a past injustice and hence find a justifiable source for it. There are no doubt many other ways in which the sentiment can be sub

Still, they hoped that by confining the study of hatred to the hatred of an individual, they might see a consistent pattern. They asked subjects to stare first at the picture of a person the subjects had neutral feelings toward, and then at the picture of someone they hated. The subjects did this while hooked up to an MRI, allowing the researchers to see which parts of the brain were activated and deactivated. Doctors Zeki and Romaya were gratified to find that everyone in the study hated individuals the same way. The parts of the brain activated, the medial frontal gyrus, the right putamen, the medial insula, and the premotor cortex, have come to be known as the “hate circuit.”

The premotor cortex is one part of the brain that springs into action when people have feelings of aggression. When we hate, at least part of us is preparing for a physical attack. The frontal gyrus deals with self-awareness, and is involved in go/no go decisions. This part of the brain seems to be in league, however tentatively with the premotor cortex. Haters using the “hate circuit,” then, seem to always be wondering if it’s the right time to move against the object of their hatred.

Hate, Love, and Judgement

The putamen and the insula make the hate circuit more interesting. Both of these areas light up on an MRI when the person being probed is experiencing feelings of romantic love. The researchers think this may be why people so often pair love and hatred, two seemingly antithetical emotions.

It may be more complicated than that. The putamen gets engaged when people are in love, but it also activates when people feel contempt or disgust. Damage to the putamen and the insula can make people incapable of recognizing disgust on other people’s faces. The putamen also lights up when a person is planning aggressive acts. The putamen, then, might represent the dark side of love – the side that attacks a rival, or feels sick with jealousy at a loved one’s behavior.

Hate is characterized not just by areas of brain activity but by areas of brain inactivity. The superior frontal gyrus is correlated with self-awareness and laughter, so it’s not surprising that it’s repressed when a person hates. The particular section that is deactivated, the researchers note, is near a section of the brain which, when repressed, seems to increase obsessive-compulsive behavior. When we hate, we fail to laugh, and we may get a bit obsessive.

Areas escaping deactivation include the areas of the brain that deal out judgment. This is one of the major ways that the hate circuit differs from the brain activity of a person in love. When we love someone, we shut off the part of our brain that judges – a trait that, we hope, has led to more happiness than sorrow. When we hate someone, we leave the judgment part of our brain a’blazing.

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dont let love define who u are
March 28, 2018
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Don’t let the word love define your LOVE

Love is the most powerful emotion a human being can experience. The strange think is, that almost nobody knows what love is. Why is it so difficult to find love? That is easy to understand, if you know that the word “love” is not the same as one’s feeling of love.

The word “love” is used and abused for the expression of different sets of feelings.

The word love is used as an expression of affection towards someone else (I love you) but it also expresses pleasure (I love chocolate). To make it a little more complicated, the word “love” also expresses a human virtue that is based on compassion, affection and kindness. This is a state of being, that has nothing to do, with something or someone outside yourself. This is the purest form of Love.

The ancient Greek used 7 words to define the different states of love:

Storge: natural affection, the love you share with your family.

Philia: the love that you have for friends.

Eros: sexual and erotic desire kind of love (positive or negative)

Agape: this is the unconditional love, or divine love

Ludus: this is playful love, like childish love or flirting.

Pragma: long standing love. The love in a married couple.

Philautia: the love of the self (negative or positive)

These are 7 different kind of feelings. The love you feel for your partner is not the same as the love you feel for your mother. Even the love for your partner changes in time. You feel different emotions for different situations and people.

But still, we use the same word. It is easy to understand that a confusion is easy made while communicating. I can say “I love you” to two different people (and mean it), but I am actually feeling in a different way.

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This confusion is not only the case while 2 people are talking, your own brain does not get it.

What you feel is controlled by the right side of your brain and language is controlled by your left side. If you use the word “love” 10 times a day with different situations, it losses power. Your left part or your brain does not get fully activated when you really mean “I love you” and want to get exited about it. 50% of your brain is a lot.

The first thing that you need to do is learn the differences of the (7?) states of love. Not the words, but how they feel. It is easy if you recognize the words. It is basic training. Awareness, that is the secret to love.

Love is a practice, it is not something you find or don’t find. You can practice love for the rest of your life.

Don’t abuse the word love. Use other words where you are not addressing emotion towards other people.

Example: I love chocolate, becomes: I enjoy chocolate. I love my job, becomes: I have passion for what I do.

Enjoying, loving and passion are 3 different emotions. It is essential to learn (again) the true meaning of words, not merely to communicate with someone else, but also so learn to experience them. Words are very powerful instruments. Not only to communicate with others, but also with your self. The words you use, creates awareness and eventually your reality.

If you use words wisely, you can learn to recognize what kind of love you are feeling, and enjoy the different kinds of love. With one person of different ones.

If you don’t know how to find love with in you, you will never find it outside you.

Words are agreements to express ideas or feelings. The meaning of words is not absolute, it is always a personal interpretation. The group of feelings associated with the word “love” is difficult to understand, and even more difficult to express to other person. Let put is this way: it is impossible with only one word.

With the creation of a word, you can give it a special meaning. Some lovers create words to express what they feel to each other. A word creates and agreement or memories. This moments can be repeated when you use that word or when you think about it.

In other languages exist words, related to love, that expresses different situations that don’t have a translation to English. When you know this words, you recognize this feelings. You get more grip in what you are experiencing.

Beautiful words in other languages:

Yuanfen (Chinese): A love relationship that has been established by lot, based on principles of Chinese culture.

Mamihlapinatapei (Yaghan): A look that without words is shared by two people who want to initiate something, but neither start.

Cafuné (Brazilian Portugees): Slowly stroking your fingers through someone else’s hair.

Retrouvailles (France): The happiness of seeing someone again after a long time.

La Douleur Exquise (France): The enormous pain in your heart when you desire someone you cannot have.

Ya’aburnee (Arabic): The hope that you will die earlier than the other, so you don’t need to live without the other.

Forelsket (Nordic): The euphoria you feel when you fall in love for the first time.

Saudade (Portugees): The feeling of longing for someone you love, but is far away.

This “moments” are so important in other cultures that they have words to express them. My point is, don’t use just one word to define your love. Learn this “words” and recognize them when you are living them.

With love, you get what you put in

Love is an emotion in action. You can learn how to feel and cultivate your love… First learn and know the different situations of love. Learn how to recognize them when you are feeling them. Then you go and share your love with others.

Love between 2 people can only begin if the interaction is based on truth, trust and respect. That is something you start giving. This is essential to grown mutual love between 2 individuals. If the other person gives you wat you give, then you start feeling love for each other and it can grow…

It is not difficult to understand love, once you know how love works.

It is very easy to fall in love with someone. The difficulty is to stay in love. But if it is difficult to stay in love, that means, that it is not the love of your life. It is a love experience. Love is always beautiful, if it is not beautiful, it is not love. Time to move on. Sometimes, love just fades away. It is better to move on when you don’t feel anything, then when you feel the opposite of love.

Finding your loved one or a relationship…

If you want to find the love of your life, start being aware of your use of the word love. Saying and thinking I want to find the love of my life and not I want a relationship is fundamental. You find what you are looking for.

“Being in a relationship” is a marketing term invented in magazines. Everyone that is not single is in a relationship. To address a large group of people it is perfect, but it is to vague to define your personal situation.

The only important question for you should be: “Am I experiencing love or not?”

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This is the first philosophy essay forming a series under the name: “Natural Philosophy” about the most important matters of life, trying to define a “Theory of everything”. Continue reading here.

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what is love in this life of us
March 28, 2018
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The demand to be safe in relationship inevitably breeds sorrow and fear. This seeking for security is inviting insecurity. Have you ever found security in any of your relationships? Have you? Most of us want the security of loving and being loved, but is there love when each one of us is seeking his own security, his own particular path? We are not loved because we don’t know how to love.

What is love? The word is so loaded and corrupted that I hardly like to use it. Everybody talks of love—every magazine and newspaper and every missionary talks everlastingly of love. I love my country, I love my king, I love some book, I love that mountain, I love pleasure, I love my wife, I love God. Is love an idea? If it is, it can be cultivated, nourished, cherished, pushed around, twisted in any way you like. When you say you love God what does it mean? It means that you love a projection of your own imagination, a projection of yourself clothed in certain forms of respectability according to what you think is noble and holy; so to say, ‘I love God’, is absolute nonsense. When you worship God you are worshipping yourself—and that is not love.

Because we cannot solve this human thing called love we run away into abstractions. Love may be the ultimate solution to all man’s difficulties, problems and travails, so how are we going to find out what love is? By merely defining it? The church has defined it one way, society another and there are all sorts of deviations and perversions. Adoring someone, sleeping with someone, the emotional exchange, the companionship—is that what we mean by love? That has been the norm, the pattern, and it has become so tremendously personal, sensuous, and limited that religions have declared that love is something much more than this. In what they call human love they see there is pleasure, competition, jealousy, the desire to possess, to hold, to control and to interfere with another’s thinking, and knowing the complexity of all this they say there must be another kind of love, divine beautiful untouched, uncorrupted.

Throughout the world, so-called holy men have maintained that to look at a woman is something totally wrong: they say you cannot come near to God if you indulge in sex, therefore they push it aside although they are eaten up with it. But by denying sexuality they put out their eyes and cut out their tongues for they deny the whole beauty of the earth. They have starved their hearts and minds; they are dehydrated human beings; they have banished beauty because beauty is associated with woman.

Can love be divided into the sacred and the profane, the human and the divine, or is there only love? Is love of the one and not of the many? If I say, ‘I love you’, does that exclude the love of the other? Is love personal or impersonal? Moral or immoral? Family or non-family? If you love mankind can you love the particular? Is love sentiment? Is love emotion? Is love pleasure and desire? All these questions indicate, don’t they, that we have ideas about love, ideas about what it should or should not be, a pattern or a code developed by the culture in which we live.

So to go into the question of what love is we must first free it from the encrustation of centuries, put away all ideals and ideologies of what it should or should not be. To divide anything into what should be and what is, is the most deceptive way of dealing with life.

Now how am I going to find out what this flame is which we call love—not how to express it to another but what it means in itself? I will first reject what the church, what society, what my parents and friends, what every person and every book has said about it because I want to find out for myself what it is. Here is an enormous problem that involves the whole of mankind, there have been a thousand ways of defining it and I myself am caught in some pattern or other according to what I like or enjoy at the moment—so shouldn’t I, in order to understand it, first free myself from my own inclinations and prejudices? I am confused, torn by my own desires, so I say to myself, ‘First clear up your own confusion. perhaps you may be able to discover what love is through what it is not.’

The government says, ‘Go and kill for the love of your country’. Is that love? Religion says, ‘Give up sex for the love of God’. Is that love? Is love desire? Don’t say no. For most of us it is—desire with pleasure, the pleasure that is derived through the senses, through sexual attachment and fulfilment. I am not against sex, but see what is involved in it. What sex gives you momentarily is the total abandonment of yourself, then you are back again with your turmoil, so you want a repetition over and over again of that state in which there is no worry, no problem, no self. You say you love your wife. In that love is involved sexual pleasure, the pleasure of having someone in the house to look after your children, to cook. You depend on her; she has given you her body, her emotions, her encouragement, a certain feeling of security and well-being. Then she turns away from you; she gets bored or goes off with someone else, and your whole emotional balance is destroyed, and this disturbance, which you don’t like, is called jealousy. There is pain in it, anxiety, hate and violence. So what you are really saying is, ‘As long as you belong to me I love you but the moment you don’t I begin to hate you. As long as I can rely on you to satisfy my demands, sexual and otherwise, I love you, but the moment you cease to supply what I want I don’t like you.’ So there is antagonism between you, there is separation, and when you feel separate from another there is no love. But if you can live with your wife without thought creating all these contradictory states, these endless quarrels in yourself, then perhaps—perhaps—you will know what love is. Then you are completely free and so is she, whereas if you depend on her for all your pleasure you are a slave to her. So when one loves there must be freedom, not only from the other person but from oneself.

This belonging to another, being psychologically nourished by another, depending on another—in all this there must always be anxiety, fear, jealousy, guilt, and so long as there is fear there is no love; a mind ridden with sorrow will never know what love is; sentimentality and emotionalism have nothing whatsoever to do with love. And so love is not to do with pleasure and desire.

Love is not the product of thought which is the past. Thought cannot possibly cultivate love. Love is not hedged about and caught in jealousy, for jealousy is of the past. Love is always active present. It is not ‘I will love’ or ‘I have loved’. If you know love you will not follow anybody. Love does not obey. When you love there is neither respect nor disrespect.

Don’t you know what it means really to love somebody to love without hate, without jealousy, without anger, without wanting to interfere with what he is doing or thinking, without condemning, without comparing—don’t you know what it means? Where there is love is there comparison? When you love someone with all your heart, with all your mind, with all your body, with your entire being, is there comparison? When you totally abandon yourself to that love there is not the other.

Does love have responsibility and duty, and will it use those words? When you do something out of duty is there any love in it? In duty there is no love. The structure of duty in which the human being is caught is destroying him. So long as you are compelled to do something because it is your duty you don’t love what you are doing. When there is love there is no duty and no responsibility.

Most parents unfortunately think they are responsible for their children and their sense of responsibility takes the form of telling them what they should do and what they should not do, what they should become and what they should not become. The parents want their children to have a secure position in society. What they call responsibility is part of that respectability they worship; and it seems to me that where there is respectability there is no order; they are concerned only with becoming a perfect bourgeois. When they prepare their children to fit into society they are perpetuating war, conflict and brutality. Do you call that care and love?

Really to care is to care as you would for a tree or a plant, watering it, studying its needs, the best soil for it, looking after it with gentleness and tenderness—but when you prepare your children to fit into society you are preparing them to be killed. If you loved your children you would have no war.

When you lose someone you love you shed tears—are your tears for yourself or for the one who is dead? Are you crying for yourself or for another? Have you ever cried for another? Have you ever cried for your son who was killed on the battlefield? You have cried, but do those tears come out of self-pity or have you cried because a human being has been killed? If you cry out of self-pity your tears have no meaning because you are concerned about yourself. If you are crying because you are bereft of one in whom you have invested a great deal of affection, it was not really affection. When you cry for your brother who dies cry for him. It is very easy to cry for yourself because he is gone. Apparently you are crying because your heart is touched, but it is not touched for him, it is only touched by self-pity and self-pity makes you hard, encloses you, makes you dull and stupid.

When you cry for yourself, is it love—crying because you are lonely, because you have been left, because you are no longer powerful—complaining of your lot, your environment—always you in tears? If you understand this, which means to come in contact with it as directly as you would touch a tree or a pillar or a hand, then you will see that sorrow is self-created, sorrow is created by thought, sorrow is the outcome of time. I had my brother three years ago, now he is dead, now I am lonely, aching, there is no one to whom I can look for comfort or companionship, and it brings tears to my eyes.

You can see all this happening inside yourself if you watch it. You can see it fully, completely, in one glance, not take analytical time over it. You can see in a moment the whole structure and nature of this shoddy little thing called ‘me’, my tears, my family, my nation, my belief, my religion—all that ugliness, it is all inside you. When you see it with your heart, not with your mind, when you see it from the very bottom of your heart, then you have the key that will end sorrow.

Sorrow and love cannot go together, but in the Christian world they have idealized suffering, put it on a cross and worshipped it, implying that you can never escape from suffering except through that one particular door, and this is the whole structure of an exploiting religious society.

So when you ask what love is, you may be too frightened to see the answer. It may mean complete upheaval; it may break up the family; you may discover that you do not love your wife or husband or children—do you?—you may have to shatter the house you have built, you may never go back to the temple.

But if you still want to find out, you will see that fear is not love, dependence is not love, jealousy is not love, possessiveness and domination are not love, responsibility and duty are not love, self-pity is not love, the agony of not being loved is not love, love is not the opposite of hate any more than humility is the opposite of vanity. So if you can eliminate all these, not by forcing them but by washing them away as the rain washes the dust of many days from a leaf, then perhaps you will come upon this strange flower which man always hungers after.

If you have not got love—not just in little drops but in abundance—if you are not filled with it—the world will go to disaster. You know intellectually that the unity of mankind is essential and that love is the only way, but who is going to teach you how to love? Will any authority, any method, any system, tell you how to love? If anyone tells you, it is not love. Can you say, ‘I will practise love. I will sit down day after day and think about it. I will practise being kind and gentle and force myself to pay attention to others’? Do you mean to say that you can discipline yourself to love, exercise the will to love? When you exercise discipline and will to love, love goes out of the window. By practising some method or system of loving you may become extraordinarily clever or more kindly or get into a state of non-violence, but that has nothing whatsoever to do with love.

In this torn desert world there is no love because pleasure and desire play the greatest roles, yet without love your daily life has no meaning. And you cannot have love if there is no beauty. Beauty is not something you see—not a beautiful tree, a beautiful picture, a beautiful building or a beautiful woman. There is beauty only when your heart and mind know what love is. Without love and that sense of beauty there is no virtue, and you know very well that, do what you will, improve society, feed the poor, you will only be creating more mischief, for without love there is only ugliness and poverty in your own heart and mind. But when there is love and beauty, whatever you do is right, whatever you do is in order. If you know how to love, then you can do what you like because it will solve all other problems.

So we reach the point: can the mind come upon love without discipline, without thought, without enforcement, without any book, any teacher or leader—come upon it as one comes upon a lovely sunset?

It seems to me that one thing is absolutely necessary and that is passion without motive—passion that is not the result of some commitment or attachment, passion that is not lust. A man who does not know what passion is will never know love because love can come into being only when there is total self-abandonment.

A mind that is seeking is not a passionate mind and to come upon love without seeking it is the only way to find it—to come upon it unknowingly and not as the result of any effort or experience. Such a love, you will find, is not of time; such a love is both personal and impersonal, is both the one and the many. Like a flower that has perfume you can smell it or pass it by. That flower is for everybody and for the one who takes trouble to breathe it deeply and look at it with delight. Whether one is very near in the garden, or very far away, it is the same to the flower because it is full of that perfume and therefore it is sharing with everybody.

Love is something that is new, fresh, alive. It has no yesterday and no tomorrow. It is beyond the turmoil of thought. It is only the innocent mind which knows what love is, and the innocent mind can live in the world which is not innocent. To find this extraordinary thing which man has sought endlessly through sacrifice, through worship, through relationship, through sex, through every form of pleasure and pain, is only possible when thought comes to understand itself and comes naturally to an end. Then love has no opposite, then love has no conflict.

You may ask, ‘If I find such a love, what happens to my wife, my children, my family? They must have security.’ When you put such a question you have never been outside the field of thought, the field of consciousness. When once you have been outside that field you will never ask such a question because then you will know what love is in which there is no thought and therefore no time. You may read this mesmerized and enchanted, but actually to go beyond thought and time—which means going beyond sorrow—is to be aware that there is a different dimension called love.

But you don’t know how to come to this extraordinary fount—so what do you do? If you don’t know what to do, you do nothing, don’t you? Absolutely nothing. Then inwardly you are completely silent. Do you understand what that means? It means that you are not seeking, not wanting, not pursuing; there is no centre at all. Then there is love

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how to get a six pack you need to work hard
March 28, 2018
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  1. to Get Six Pack Abs Fast. Exercise your core muscles. …
  2. to Get Six Pack Abs Fast. Start weight training. …
  3. to Get Six Pack Abs Fast. Blast fat with cardio. …
  4. Keep it varied. You don’t want your body to get used to your workouts. …
  5. Enjoy your 6 pack!

Everywhere you turn, someone’s promising the next secret to getting 6 pack abs. Some of these so called “secrets” have some degree of accuracy, while others have very little. Deciphering which methods are the best for getting those rippling abs you’ve always dreamed of is critical to achieving this goal.

1

Go for the good carbs. The way to a man’s heart is through his stomach…and the way to a man’s abs is through the kitchen. If you’re not eating right (man or woman notwithstanding), your abs will (or won’t, rather) show it.

  • Not all carbs are evil. It’s the simple, white carbs that you want to avoid. Whole grains (aka “slow carbs”) are rich in fiber and go through your system much more slowly (hence the name) than simple, refined carbs (the white ones). So don’t shy away from the browns — brown rice, quinoa, whole wheat and oats.
  • Pack on protein early in the morning. Because straight up, you’ll eat less (and it’s the building blocks you need to build muscle tissue). One study of 20 obese female participants, showed that those who got 35 grams of protein at breakfast were less hungry throughout the day and saw favorable changes in the hormones and brain signals that control appetite.
    • Getting six pack abs isn’t necessarily about counting calories. But you do need to get rid of the fat on top of your abs to expose the muscles underneath them — and eating a bit less will get you on track.
    • Eating any breakfast was associated with increased feelings of fullness, a reduced desire to eat, and lower levels of ghrelin (a hunger-stimulating hormone) throughout the morning. But a protein-packed breakfast was associated with these benefits over the course of the entire day.
      • This doesn’t mean go for the ham and steak. To keep your calorie and fat levels in check, opt for Greek yogurt, whole eggs, and Canadian bacon.
      • What’s more, your body burns more calories breaking down protein than it does carbs and fats. Every little bit counts, right?

Cut out processed goods. Consuming most of your calories from processed and fast foods is going to produce an unhealthy body lacking in nutrients. Foods that have been through some sort of preservation have lost their nutrients and are really just empty, unhealthy calories. Definitely a no-go for a trim waistline.

  • To make matters worse, processing then adds in unhealthy fats, a ton of sugar or sugar substitute and synthetic vitamins and minerals. These ingredients include artificial sweeteners, artificial colors, hydrogenated oils, and high fructose corn syrup. These non-food ingredients, some of which are considered toxins, may end up languishing in your system, often stored with fat.
    • Anything that’s packaged is a processed good. That includes your “health” foods, too. Look for the top super foods (nutrient-dense, low-calorie fruits and vegetables, like broccoli). These give the most vitamins and minerals to energize your body.
. Research shows that people who drink and drink and drink water lose more weight and keep it off long term. What’s more, it’ll up your metabolism to boot.

  • In a recent study, a 30% increase (albeit temporary) was seen within 10 minutes of participants drinking 17 ounces of water. And it’s best to drink it cold — your body takes energy to warm it up.
    • And you’ll naturally cut out those sugary, empty calorie drinks like sodas and processed juices. That’s killing two birds with one stone.

Consume healthy fats. Dietary fat that comes from primarily monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats such as olive oils, fish oils, a mix of nuts, natural peanut butter and avocado is actually good for you. While it’s true that eating fat ups your caloric intake like none other, as long as you keep it between 20-30%, it can help you get results fast. That’s because it helps stabilize your insulin levels which, if they get too high, can cause fat retention.

  • In addition, consuming fat will keep you sated for a longer period of time; eating just protein or carbs leaves you traveling back to the fridge. So as long as they’re the good fats, and they are consumed in moderation, you’re good to go.

Eat often. When you starve yourself your body goes hungry, it likes to cling onto fat and tell you to chow down on that pizza. If you’re never hungry, your metabolism is always up and you’re never left wanting.

  • Eat three standard meals and three snacks, equaling six times a day. Concerned about overeating? Don’t be. Because the foods you’ll be piling on are high in fiber, protein, and nutrition, you’ll be sated with smaller amounts

Exercise your core muscles. Once the fat on top of your abs is gone, you’ll need washboard abs to be underneath. In the comfort of your home, you can exercise your core muscles — it helps posture, too!

  • The plank: You can’t just focus on what’s on top — it’s what’s behind your abs too — your back! And doing the plank works both. With your forearms on the floor and your toes into the ground, lift up your core and thighs off the floor. Make sure your elbows are in line with your shoulders. To do it right, keep your butt and abs flexed.
  • The reverse crunch: Upper abs are easy; it’s the lower ones that are hard. This exercise is much like a crunch, but with your feet in the air. To start, put your arms at your side, keeping your palms down. Place your knees over your hips, using your abs to place your body. Instead of moving your head toward your knees, move your knees toward your head. Hold your knees briefly as close to head as possible and then lower them back towards the mat.
  • The Bicycle: This exercise targets your sides, in addition to your upper and lower abs. Lie on a soft surface like a yoga mat and make a pedaling motion in the air. Alternate raising shoulders toward the opposite knee. Make sure to work both sides evenly. 2 sets of 12 reps is a good place to start

 

Start weight training. If you’re going for a six pack, you’ll need strong pecs, shoulders, and back too. Your entire body needs to be on track, not just your abs.

  • Wood Chop: Using a free weight or medicine ball, kneel down on one knee. Lift the weight up, with both hands, over the shoulder of your leading foot. Lower the weight to the other hip, hold, and bring back up. Always make sure your entire body is facing forward. Aim to use a weight that fatigues the muscle in 12 reps.
  • Trunk Rotations: Working with a dumbbell or medicine ball, get into a sitting position, knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lean back slightly to engage your abs. Bending at the elbows, hold the weight close to your core and twist from side to side. Pause at the end of each rotation.
  • Dumbbell fly: Grab some free weights and sit on a stability ball. Walk it forward until it’s your head and upper back that are balancing on the ball. Push the dumbbells up and out, directly above your elbows. Swing out and back in, slowly. Keep your abs flexed at all times and your arms loose, not locked

last fat with cardio. The absolute quickest way to get rid of fat is cardio.While it’s important to do cardio and it’s important to work with weights, it’s most important to do both in tandem. You need to burn and blast away the fat to see the results you want.

  • This doesn’t necessarily mean running. Swimming, boxing, cycling, and tennis are also great alternatives (amongst many) if you don’t feel like hitting the concrete.
  • Consider high intensity interval training. Most studies have shown that the benefits of cardio are amplified when done in intervals. Work out as hard as you can for 30 seconds, relax for a minute, and repeat 9 more times. And you’ll get your workout in super quick.

Keep it varied. You don’t want your body to get used to your workouts. Once something becomes easy, step it up a notch. Constantly challenging yourself is the only way you’ll see results you’ve never seen before.

  • Each time you exercise, make sure to target different muscle groups. Do somewhere between four and eight moves and don’t repeat the same moves the next day. Keep your muscles guessing by changing up your routine every few weeks. But, as always, check with your doctor if you’re 45 or older

and tips to help keep your metabolism firing on all cylinders, all day

How To Get A Six-Pack

1. Train with “anti” movements

Your core does its best work when resisting movement, preventing you falling over when the train brakes. Modern core training focuses on such “anti” movements.

2. Work the whole unit aren’t everything. Working your obliques, transverse abdominis and  will prevent imbalances and, as a side bonus, will let you lift bigger.

3. Use standing up exercises to hit your core from all angles

Real-life exertion rarely happens when you’re lying down, so the majority of moves in this plan don’t either. You’ll get used to using your core from all angles.

4. Eat better, not less

When it comes to food, calories are less important than quality. In this guide, we’ll show you how to eat for abs without starving yourself.

5. Reduce stress

The stress hormone cortisol causes you to store belly fat, so too much means you’ll never see your abs however hard you train. Eliminate it and see results fas

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best gym workoutsand how to do it
March 28, 2018
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For anyone who is looking to pack on some serious mass, one of their top priorities will be to determine what the best training method is. Here are 5 workout set-ups to pack on serious muscle. Learn more.

For anyone looking to pack on some serious muscle mass, one of the top priorities will be to determine what the best bodybuilding workout to follow is. There are a wide range of different workouts available, so choosing the one that will suit your needs best is important.

It’s also essential that you understand which factors contribute the most to gaining lean muscle mass. A program that utilizes these principles will often fare better than one that doesn’t.

Let’s take a brief look at some of the more popular bodybuilding workout set-ups and identify the pros and cons of each.

1

THE 5 X 5 PROGRAM

The five-by-five program is one that is quite popular among those who are looking to gain a high amount of strength and muscle mass.

The set-up of this program is to perform three main exercises that target the main muscle groups in the body (both lower and upper body in the same workout), performing five sets of five repetitions. At the end of each workout you can add in a few sets of isolated exercises if you like, but it’s not required by the program.

PROS

One of the biggest advantages of this set-up is going to be an increased frequency of training. Since you will stimulate so many muscle fibers every other day, you will see a very high release of testosterone, promoting a good degree of muscle mass growth.

Most individuals also find that they become hungrier while following this program, which is representative of the intense nature of it.

CONS

The drawback to this program is that it’s one that a beginner likely shouldn’t jump into as it will be intense and could lead to  if you’re not careful. It’s best to have a 3-6 month lifting history behind you so you can be sure your body is ready for this stress load.

The second con to this set-up is due to the fact that you’ll be lifting heavy three times a week – it doesn’t lend so well for a lot of other activity, such as heavy sports training. If you’re involved in high-level athletics, it may be better to choose a slightly less demanding program so you don’t become overly fatigued.

SAMPLE WORKOUT

You’ll want to aim to perform the 5 X 5 protocol for the core exercises as described above and then cut back on the volume for the accessory lifts.

If you know going in you’re someone who tends to have difficulty recovering, then you may want to attempt a 3 X 5 set-up first and see how you do. It can be easy to overtrain on this program if you’re not careful.

Alternate between workout A and workout B three times a week with at least one day off between sessions. Aim to rest for 60-to-120 seconds between sets of the core exercises and 30-to-45 seconds between sets for the accessory exercises

5 sets of 5 reps

WORKOUT B
1

5 sets of 5 reps


2

5 sets of 5 reps


3
5 sets of 5 reps

4

2 sets of 8 reps


5

2 sets of

  • The Workout. Workout A. Barbell Squat. …
  • workout 1. Dumbbell Bench Press. 10 sets of 10 reps. …
  • workout 2. Barbell Squat. …
  • workout 3. Barbell Shoulder Press. …
  • Day 1: Biceps, Triceps, And Calves. Barbell Curl. …
  • Day 2: Legs. Barbell Squat. …
  • Day 4: Chest And Triceps. Dumbbell Bench Press. …
  • Day 5: Back And Calves. Bent Over Barbell Row.

Despite the fact that might win the gym popularity contest right now, fitness pros agree: Not only are exercise machines totally fine to use, they might be especially helpful if you’re new to working out.

“It’s true that if you’re using free weights you have to recruit so many stabilizing muscles,” says Shannon Fable, certified trainer and programming director for  “But when you’re getting started, using selectorized equipment (the machines with weighted plates) and just learning the movement pattern is OK.”

Another bonus: “If you haven’t got full strength, or balance, or full range of motion, machines are much safer,” says Stuart Munro, certified personal trainer for the .

For those who have been on a gym hiatus or are gaining back strength post-injury, weight machines are an easy way to get back in the game—without the risk of dropping anything heavy on your foot, Munro says. And, as you’ve likely noticed, weight machines remove the guesswork since they usually have helpful how-to cards right on the machine.

With that in mind, here are the top machines the trainers we spoke with suggested. Each one will help you build strength and train your body to use the right muscles, so you can be on the leg press one day and do  the next.

 MEN’S FITNESS 

11 DEC 2017

Following a training plan that aims to make you more powerful has several benefits. For a start, power moves are fun to do – they involve big, quick movements and they’re satisfying because you feel like you’re training in quite a hardcore way.

You may even feel like an elite athlete. And you should, because power moves form a big part of any pro sportsman’s training plan. They use them because they target the fast-twitch muscle fibres, which are responsible for improving speed and generating force. The happy side effect, if you’re not a pro athlete, is that targeting those muscle fibres will also help you to build muscle and burn fat.

How to do it

Follow the sets, reps and rest instructions for each move to get the maximum benefit. Do each workout once a week for four weeks, aiming to increase the amount you lift each week. And make sure you make a note of how much you lift in each session to keep yourself motivated

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everything to take on a camping trip
March 28, 2018
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Every year, more than 30 million Americans leave the comfort of their homes to sleep in a tent, RV, or simply under the stars. There are lots of reasons to rough it on a good-old fashioned camping trip, from physical health benefits to stress relief. (Who needs a Tempur-Pedic mattress when there’s a sleeping bag?) In order for a safe, comfortable, and exciting experience withlearn all the camping dos and don’ts to fully enjoy the Great Outdoors!

Nature-Made — The Need-to-Know

Forget stress balls and screaming into pillows: Just being in the presence of plants can be therapeutic. The word’s  the term for humans’ desire to connect with nature . (Yep, it’s science!) And camping isn’t only the perfect way to  it can also be  . (Also Check Out:) Trekking to a campsite with the sun beating down provides a healthy , plus walking is a  that may help burn off some of those campfire S’mores. Embracing that inner Yogi Bear may help reduce stress, too: Levels of  when we’re outdoors, which can help improve mood  . Who said only five-star hotels were relaxing? Check out these pro tips before hitting the trail for a comfy, relaxing, and fun outdoor experien

Now Camp It Out — Your Action Plan

To ensure a memorable stint with nature and stay out of harm’s way, follow the guide below — perfect for any neck of the woods!

  1. Gear up: Figure out what to bring based on how much room you have and how long you’ll be gone. If hiking to the campsite, be mindful about weight and bulk — nobody wants to schlep a 50-pound pack up a mountain! Stick to  and leave the fancy extras for car camping.
  2. Pick your pack:  based on how long the trek will be. The volume of the pack is measured in liters. Multi-day packs are 60 to 80 liters and are perfect for two- to five-day hikes. If you’re driving in and doing day hikes from one base camp location, a small day pack is large enough for daily provisions and supplies.
  3. Sleep well: Don’t forget the tent, sleeping bag, sleeping pad (for extra cushion!), and pillow. The  depends on how many people are squeezing in. And make sure that thing’s weather resistant. A light-weight “three-season” tent is made for spring, summer, and fall conditions — designed to keep people dry during light snow or rain while keeping the bugs out! If camping in the winter, go with a mountaineering tent that can withstand harsher weather conditions.
  4. Fire up: Unless you’re planning to subsist on PB&J sandwiches alone, bring along some charcoal (for campsite grills), , wood, newspaper, matches, propane stove, skillet, pot, utensils, and cups/bowls/plates. Always check to see if the site allows campfires, and if available. Keep sand and water nearby in case the fire needs to be put out quickly.
  5. Chow down peanut butter, beef jerky, canned beans and soup, trail mix, drink powders, and are all great camping food options. They’re perfect for pack, won’t spoil, and don’t require any cooking. Keep an empty water bottle on hand, too. Use the tap provided at the campsite to fill ‘er up — o if collecting from a fresh body of water. Try to drink at least hour while doing high-intensity outdoor activities.
  6. Dress for success: Cotton is great for staying cool in the ‘burbs, but it’s not your friend in the woods. Instead, choose moisture-wicking clothes and
  7. Grab the gadgets: No, we’re not talking about video games. A flashlight (or headlamp or lantern), extra batteries, a , and phone charger (for emergencies) all make camping much safer and easier.
  8. Keep clean: Obviously you’re going to get dirty in the woods, but bring soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, and toilet paper to stay as clean as possible. Bonus tips: Use baby wipes to get rid of dirt, always carry hand sanitizer, try soap to wash hair, and bring garbage bags to separate clean and dirty clothes!
  9. Stay safe: Safety is no joke, especially if camping in a remote area. Every camping group should bring along a well-stocked first-aid kit, creams for blisters,, sunscreen, and any other personal medications.
  10. Add some extras: Bringing along a camera, set of binoculars, maps, books, folding chair, cooler, and chapstick makes any trip in the woods much more enjoyable. For even more ideas, check out these
  11. Pick a place: After everything’s packed up, the next step is figuring out where to park that tent! There are tons of campgrounds to choose from, like and other  Find out what amenities are provided; most sites have grills, and some have showers and even wifi! Remember to call ahead and reserve a spot, especially in the summer. (I want to spot a chipmunk, but not a bear, please!) and watch out for campgrounds that are at high altitudes — this may cause
  12. Set up camp: Once at the campsite, find level ground to pitch the tent.  (some extra hands will help!) and make sure to  in case of rain. Pick a place that’s close enough to running water for easy access when cleaning dishes, showering, and filling up water bottles. And remember: Keep food out of the tent! Place it in  or hanging bear bags if the campsite recommends doing so.
  13. Play it safe: Following the tips listed above should make any camping experience smooth sailing, but remember that it’s best to camp with others so someone can always call for help in an emergency. With common sense, the right equipment, and a  Mother Nature will quickly become your second home.
  14. Proceed with caution: some rough terrain, so make sure to wear good hiking boots to avoid sprains and strains. Slip on the right socks and shoes to avoid blisters, and keep a first-aid kit on hand incase there are some cuts and scrapes along the way.
  15. Stay safe in the sun: Slather on the sunscreen, and wear a hat and sunglasses to keep the sun out. Drink  to avoid dehydration, too.
  16. Avoid ticks: Wear high socks, use insect repellent, and avoid high grass to  If a tick attacks,  with tweezers, making sure not to squeeze or crush the bug. Disinfect the area with soap and wash your hands immediately after!
  17. Beware of bears: As for fending off our furry friends, make sure the campsite’s clean and remove all food from the tent. In the unlikely event a black bear enters a campsite, remember they are generally timid, so and make noise, or fight back with sticks and rocks if it attacks. Grizzly bears perceive humans as a threat, so. Curl up in the fetal position and play dead.
  18. Break it down: Most importantly, leave the campsite  Throw away any trash (that might mean bringing it home with you), make sure the fire is out, and pack your gear into a backpack, trunk, or RV.

 

So you want to go camping? There is a lot to know about how to go camping, but it does not have to be complicated. Get started with the camping basics and learn about how to go camping with these simple steps and lessons.

The following tabs will present you with basic camping lessons that address the premises for enjoyable camping: setting up camp, managing a camping kitchen, how to get comfortable sleep, cooking delicious meals at the campground, outdoor activities, breaking down your campsite, and storing your gear.

  • Making Your Bed
    Whether you are tent camping or sleeping outside under the stars you need to put something between your torso and the cold hard ground. Learn how to make your camping bed and not wake up with a sore back.
  • More About Bedding
    Sleeping pads are just one solution to sleeping on the ground while camping. You’ll want a layer of comfort between you and the hard ground, but there are other alternatives to sleeping pads. Learn the alternatives to sleeping on the hard ground
    For many campers, the standard sleeping bag will be the primary camping bedding, but to minimize buying camping gear you can take regular bed items to the campground: sheets, blankets, pillows, comforters, and quilts. Learn how to add the finishing touch to your campground bed without buying any new gear.
  • Campsite Shelters
    If you are sleeping outdoors you’ll need a camping shelter, which is usually a camping tent. Tents today come in all shapes and sizes to meet a variety of camping needs and weather situations. There’s more ways than a pitching a tent to get a shelter over your head. Here’s how to put a roof over your campground bed.

Tents come in all shapes, sizes, and varieties; from the high-tech models used by mountain climbers to the multi-room cabin tents made for fair weather family camping. Choose a tent for your style of camping.
To understand the adverse effects that wind can play on a tent, one need only look at a tent from an aerodynamic perspective. The consequence of wind blowing across the dome shape of a tent is not unlike that of air passing over the curved wing of an airplane, namely lift. And this lift is the main reason why you need to stake your tent. Use the right stakes for the ter

Once you’ve arrived at your campsite and check out the area to see where to set up your campsite. What should you look for? Here’s some dos and don’ts for setting up your campsite.

  • Now We’re Camping
    What comes next after setting up camp? The fun stuff. Enjoy the great outdoors, learn how to cook over the campfire, and relax/
  • Dealing With Outdoor Pests
    Yep, there are bugs, and animals that can be pests at the campground. Learn how to deal with pest and take precautions against insects and other bothersome critters.
  • Cozy Campfires
    There’s no better way toend the day at the campground than around the campfire. You’ll want to have a safe and effective campfire. Learn the basis on how to have a campfire.
  • Leave No Trace
    The golden rule of camping is to leave no trace.  All it takes is a  little effort to ensure that you leave the campsite as clean as you found it, or even better! Have no impact on the environment and keep a clean campsite.
  • Kitchen Duty
    Everything tastes better in the great outdoors, but a camping kitchen is only as good as it is clean. Since you are preparing meals in the outdoors, you’ll need to take extra precautions to keep a maintained camp kitchen. Respect the wildlife and don’t feed the animals! Here’s a few tips for maintaining a campground kitchen
  • Breaking Camp
    The dreaded time has come to break down camp. Our top tips for packing up and breaking down camp.
  • Returning Home
    Unpacking is every camper’s least favorite thing to do, but returning home and unpacking after the camping trip is every bit as important as going camping. Tips for unpacking after the camping trip.
  • Gear Storage
    The final step in  a camping trip is putting your camping gear in storage after the camping trip is over. you’ll want to do this properly to make packing on your next trip easy and simple, and to keep your gear clean and long lasting. Here are a few suggestions for storing your gear between camping trips
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everything about grand turismo tricks and fetures
March 28, 2018
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With the launch of  just around the corner on October 17, there’s a lot of exciting information to share about the new game. We wanted to provide a roundup of some of the announcements that you may have missed, as well as some new details for the dedicated among you.

GT Sport is built from the ground up to provide race fans with something different, whether you’re a Gran Turismo first timer or one of our veterans from the last 20 years of titles. So buckle up as we detail eight things you need to know about Gran Turismo Sport.

Prepare to Race with Campaign Mode

Campaign Mode gives players the chance to improve driving skills across four different categories and tutorial videos. Each of these modes play a key role in making every driver better prepared for racing against others.

  • Driving School teaches drivers everything from basic operations to advanced racing techniques to help make everyone an expert behind the wheel.

  • Mission Challenge provides various dramatic racing situations for players to overcome. Each mission has a “friend-ranking” leaderboard to encourage drivers to challenge their friends.

  • Circuit Experience lets you learn how to drive the most challenging sections of the world’s great race tracks, sector by sector, apex by apex, until you’ve mastered them.

  • In Racing Etiquettes players learn signals, flags, and safety car protocols to ensure fair and respectful race conditions for all.

As you naturally increase your skill level, you will be awarded with a multitude of vehicles in various race groups, as well as in-game currency to allow you to further expand your dream garage.

Keeping Things Fair — Staying Connected

This year’s Gran Turismo includes a world first — the only video game with an online Championship endorsed by the world’s motoring governing body, the FIA. As a competition endorsed by the same organization that oversees some of the biggest races in the world we’re taking racing integrity very seriously for the FIA GT Championship.

In order to ensure fair racing for all, GT Sport will require an internet connection for the majority of functionality. This connectivity requirement is to ensure that progress, car availability, and driver ratings are properly maintained at all times.

PlayStation Plus will only be needed for online multiplayer. Portions of the Arcade Mode, including limited two-player split screen, single-player races on select tracks, and time trials can still be played in an offline environment.

Always Race an Equal — Advanced Matchmaking

There’s nothing worse than taking to the track and finding yourself pulling up alongside the next racing superstar in your first race.

The matchmaking system in GT Sport has been tuned to ensure that racers of similar abilities are pitted against each other. So, when you start off fresh, you’ll be placed against drivers of similar ability. As you build up time on the track, you’ll be rematched accordingly.

For those that are curious, the matchmaking is based on three key metrics:

  • Driver Level — Your driver level increases with XP gained in races.
  • Sportsmanship Rating (“Sport Mode”) — Just like in real world driving, we want to reward those that drive, and race, clean. So stick to the track, and limit the number of collisions to secure a positive sportsmanship rating.
  • Driver Rating (“Sport Mode”) — Starting on E, you can build towards achieving the coveted “S” rating — but watch out, a bad sportsmanship rating will limit your ability to progress.

Set It Up Your Way — Car Customization

Want to set up your vehicle for road, dirt, or drift? The Car Settings within your Garage allow you to change your tires, brake bias, suspension, aerodynamics, drivetrain, transmission, and power to weight ratio — basically anything you’d want to tune, you can!

That’s not the only way you can customize your ride, though. In GT Sport, every mile driven means extra rewards for you; with Mileage Exchange, you can trade in-game miles for a host of customization options for your driver avatar and vehicles within your Garage.

Gran Turismo Sport – Physics

You’ll still use the in-game credits earned from racing (or pre-ordering) to purchase cars.

 

Scapes Pushes the Boundaries of Tech and Innovations in Photography

This is not your traditional photo mode. The Scapes feature in GT Sport is a new format of photography developed from a True HDR workflow and physics-based rendering technologies. Basically, each photo location contains all the light energy information of that scene, which means your favorite car can realistically be placed in hundreds of real world locations.

Take a look at the below to see what we mean.

Drive on Your Own Terms

With powerful AI-assisted systems, even the most novice driver can get the most out of driving some of the most sought-after cars in the world! The high-level driving aids can help with everything from steering, to throttle control, to braking. For the more seasoned drivers, fear not — all aids can be switched off, allowing you to race for real.

Online racing will feature a mix of assisted and unassisted racing, so there will be something for all levels when you take your race experience to the world.

 

Up Close and Personal with PlayStation VR

Want a new perspective on GT? Grab your PS VR and get ready to experience Gran Turismo Sport in the most immersive way possible. VR gameplay is featured within the game’s Arcade Mode. Here you’ll be able to go head to head (1:1) against another AI opponent in more than 135 cars on 27 new and classic tracks that will take you from the Japanese metropolis to the American countryside.

A New Generation of Fidelity and Realism

In preparation for GT Sport, and designed to make the most of the power of PlayStation 4 and PlayStation 4 Pro, Polyphony Digital has developed brand new capturing equipment used in conjunction with HDR on supported displays to ensure that the cars are as beautifully recreated in the game as they are in real life.

What does that actually mean? Well, that Ferrari and McLaren you’ve been racing before don’t actually look like that! The technology hasn’t existed to faithfully represent the Ferrari Red and McLaren Orange in a video game, so not only does the game look great, it’s now as faithful a recreation as you can get!

That’s all for now, but not everything GT Sport has to offer. Be on the lookout for more insider

 ,” the seventh installment of the go-to race simulator for PlayStation 4, is on sale now at all of your local retailers.  but this week, the full game is finally here.We only had sport mode to judge so far, but with the full release, we can now play with both the campaign and arcade modes, as well as check out all of the cars and tracks. Well, not exactly all of them — they have to be unlocked through that campaign mode.

As with previous entries, ” starts with a compelling movie-style intro with old racing footage and a melodic score that gets the player hyped up to drive. The first name on the screen is the man himself, “Directed by: Kazunori Yamauchi.” It reminds us of the latest “” game in that way with plenty of cinematic shots as if you’re beginning a feature-length film.

We’ll start with campaign mode. Unlike previous games, “” is all about online play. Where old campaign modes took you through the racing classes to locations around the world, in this game, the campaign is a bunch of mini goals to sort through, including driving school, mission challenge and circuit experience

Driving school is self-explanatory: The player goes through 20 or so accelerating, braking and turning exercises with gold, silver and bronze achievements on each. Mission select puts you in the driver seat midrace with a goal of passing a certain number of cars, hitting a top speed or target time. Circuit experience takes you track to track, with objectives like completing a selection of turns, or burning a full hot lap for a good time.

We went through a good bit of the campaign mode in one night, which seems a little easy., the driving school was one of the harder bits to complete. We only got through the early stages, though. We’d assume it’ll get harder as you pass the levels.

In arcade mode, the player has to pick a car and track — some are locked — and then get some AI competitors either in the same exact car or the same class. All of these difficulty and driving options can be changed from the menu, but it looks a little lighter than the last game.

Sport mode is the game’s bread and butter. That’s where you race a group online on a predetermined track for driver points, etiquette points and credits. Driver points show how much you win while etiquette points tell how clean you are. That means no contact and staying on the track.

To wit: Before you even can play sport mode, you must watch two videos explaining that motorsports isn’t a contact sport, per se, and that your only job is to avoid the other cars, “even if that means you have to go off the road.”

is a step ahead graphically and in smoothness versus the game before. The lighting effects are awesome, and the interiors, never a strong point with “GT,” are rendered comically accurately. The Ford Focus RS has that bright blue little screen in the center of the gauges while the  cars are suitably futuristic.

In certain modes, you can pick the time of day and weather, but unlike “ it doesn’t change during the race. It also doesn’t have the track or car list of  coming in at just 162 vehicles and six real tracks along with 11 other locations in 40 different layouts.

As a PlayStation guy, I’ve been a little biased against the “series on Xbox, but I think I might be changing my tune, at least for this generation of sims. I know “Forza’s” car list, 700-plus, doesn’t alone make a simulator, but as far as longevity goes, a list like that goes a long way. No pun intended. “Forza” also has more real tracks, which is huge for me personally. I like to practice before I hit the tarmac.

If playing online versus friends and enemies is your favorite thing, then it’s a great buy; if you’re more of a campaign fan in these games, and you only have a PS4, “” might be a better way to go. It has a longer racing ladder, and it features both rally and open wheel, in addition to GT-style cars. However, the ” fan base is tens of millions strong, and I don’t think ” can claim that. Either way, fall of 2017 will go down as possibly the greatest season for racing video games in the history of gamedom. It’s a great time to be alive!

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everything you need to know about call of duty
March 28, 2018
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Call of Duty is one of the most successful game franchises of all time. Players love it for its realism, humor, movie-quality clips, and thriving multiplayer community. But since its first release in 2003, the game has become increasingly violent. Though Common Sense Media recommends the game only for adults or very mature teens, we know lots of younger teens — and even tweens — play it.

There are many titles, as well as apps, in the Call of Duty collection. If your kid is interested in the game, find out which version, and read the full Common Sense review.

Platforms: PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One (2015)
With zombies, sex, salty language, and other mature features, Call of Duty: Black Ops III is actually a bit of a departure from previous COD games, many of which are based on “real” events (such as World War III). This one has lots of modes that give the game a lot of variety (and violence), but there’s also an option to turn off the more graphic content.

Platforms: PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One (2014)
This gritty, brutal near-future war game has players firing a variety of realistic weapons at human enemies who scream, bleed, collapse to the ground, and die when shot. Cinematic sequences depict atrocities ranging from villains shooting allies to the physical torture and execution of bound prisoners

Platforms: Nintendo Wii U, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One (2013)
Set mostly in the near future, Call of Duty: Ghosts starts a new story line in the Call of Duty universe. The game focuses solely on frenetic combat, wherein quick reflexes and teamwork (in online play) reign supreme.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii U, Windows (2012)
Black Ops II has players engaging in graphic combat that involves constant killing using realistic weapons, with blood and gore pouring across the screen during more intense scenes. Players are cast in the role of good guys during most of the campaign, but they also take on the role of the game’s villain in a couple of pivotal scenes, giving them opportunity to do evil.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii (2011)
In this extremely violent installment, players spend the vast majority of their time engaged in chaotic firefights, killing hundreds of enemy combatants with a wide variety of realistic weapons ranging from guns to bombs.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii, Windows (2010)
Set during the Cold War of the 1960s, Black Ops follows the memories of a special-ops soldier under brutal interrogation. The visceral nature of the action combined with its complex Cold War narrative leave little doubt that it was designed for an adult audience.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Windows (2009)
This modern-day military shooter realistically and graphically shows violence and blood. Much of the game involves traveling to different areas of the world to take down baddies with an assortment of weapons, all played from a first-person perspective.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo Wii, Nintendo DS, Windows, PlayStation 2 (2008)
This campaign takes place through the eyes of an American soldier fighting the Japanese and a Russian battling German forces. Players can kill enemy forces with guns, grenades, rocket launchers, and flamethrowers. Besides seeing lots of blood, players will witness enemies writhing as they are burned alive or losing limbs in explosions.

Platforms: Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Windows (2007)
The bulk of the action in Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare takes place in the Middle East. Players step into the combat boots of two soldiers, a British SAS operative and an American Marine, as they battle the terrorists.

Platforms: PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox, Xbox 360 (2006)
Slightly less violent than other COD games, Call of Duty 3 lets players control an infantryman marching through France after the D-day invasion at Normandy. The game features intense battles, with threats that appear out of nowhere and less than perfect cover — exposing players to sudden, bloody deaths.

Platforms: PlayStation 2, Xbox (2004)
In this violent WWII shooter, players are cast as soldiers fighting with Allied powers against the growing Nazi threat. Archival footage of the war and an authoritative voice-over infuse a degree of gravitas to what is otherwise a relentless exercise in shooting and killing.

Call of Duty Apps

Devices: iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad (2013)
Violent shooter with flexible gameplay, a bit of strategy. Created especially for mobile players, this game offers straight-ahead COD fun for fans — but no multiplayer mode.

, Devices: iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad (2011)
Black Ops Zombies, like the video game, is a march of violence, though the app is less graphic due to visual restrictions of the platform. Its mild offensive language, scenes of horror, and violence make it best for mature players only.

Devices: iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad (2010)
In this terrifying iPhone version of the console game, you’re a soldier trapped in a crumbling World War II bunker surrounded by bloodthirsty Nazi zombies.

50 Books All Kids Should Read
Print the list for your home or library and check the books off as you go!

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As Common Sense Media’s parenting editor, Caroline helps parents make sense of what’s going on in their kids’ media lives. From games to cell phones to movies and more, if you’re wondering “what’s the right age for…?”.e your thoughts

Comments (1)

Call of Duty is completely over criticized on this website. There isn’t tons of blood like this review hints at, only small amouts tgat appear every once in awhile when a human charater is shot. The only reason I would say tweens should play COD is because of the campaign. The thing is, no-one really plays that, and most mature teens 13-14+ are compleatly able to handle the content in these games. I would rate most cod games 12+ if it wern’t for the campaign. I will end telling you that most teens should be allowed to play these games. 13+
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the start of grand theft auto
March 28, 2018
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The Grand Theft Auto series of action/adventure video games is one of the best-selling and most critically acclaimed series of video games ever released, but it is also one of the most controversial. The GTA series has drawn the ire of many special interest groups, parents and government officials who have called for changes to the content, rating and even outright bans on the sale of the games due to the depiction of violent crimes, racial stereotypes, and sexually explicit content to name a few. In Grand Theft Auto games, players assume the role of a criminal who performs a wide variety of missions that involve criminal behavior and violent crimes that can include auto theft, robbery, extortion and much more.

The list of games in the Grand Theft Auto series includes an overview of each of the 11 games that have been released for the PC from the

About Grand Theft Auto

Release Date: Oct 1997
Developer: DMA Design
Publisher: BMG Interactive
Genre: Action/Adventure
Theme: Crime
Game Modes: Single player, multiplayer
Expansions: London 69, London 61

 

was the first game in the Grand Theft Auto series of games which was originally released for MS-DOS and Windows-based PCs back in October 1997. In the game, players take control of a criminal who travels freely through the three main cities of the Grand Theft Auto series that have been the subject and settings of subsequent games. These include Liberty City, Vice City, and San Andreas. The missions of Grand Theft Auto are all crime based missions which will have the player take part in criminal activities such as grand theft auto, bank robbery, assault, theft, and more. Players learn of new missions by answering public telephones where crime bosses will detail specific tasks or “jobs” that need to be performed.

The original Grand Theft Auto, and Grand Theft Auto 2 features two-dimensional graphics with the camera looking down on the action from a bird’s eye view of the streets from a few stories above. Like other titles in the series, the game offers freedom to complete missions at the player’s leisure, however, the original Grand Theft Auto is somewhat limited and not full sandbox/open style freedom seen in later titles. The primary objective for players is to reach a certain number of points in order to complete a level and move onto the next one. Points are earned by accepting missions from Buddey Seragliano’s gang and completing them, the points are also used as money to purchase various items but this takes away from your score and goal for completing levels. Missions also become increasingly difficult as the game progresses, in which case the Grand Theft Auto 1 Cheats and Codes will come in handy for those who are stuck.

Grand Theft Auto 1, as it is most commonly referred to now, was released as registered freeware by Rockstar Games in 2004. At the time of this writing, the Rockstar Classics free download series is unavailable, but the game can still be downloaded from various 3rd party sites

ather than a full blown release since it did require the original game in order to install and play. Grand Theft Auto: London, 1969 was released in 1999 for MS-DOS and Windows-based PCs and then released for the original PlayStation console a month later that same year. The game utilizes the same basic game mechanics and graphics as the original Grand Theft Auto with the two-dimensional top-down view and overall gameplay is virtually unchanged between the two.

Grand Theft Auto: London, 1969 includes 30 new vehicles and a total of 39 missions. As the title suggests, the game is set in 1969 London where players perform all sorts of criminal activities for an organized crime gang run by the Crisp Twins. The Crips Twins in the game are based on the famous real-life Kray Twins who ran organized crime gang in London during the 1950s and 60s. Players can also name their character and choose a picture but neither then the name or appearance has any impact on gameplay.

Grand Theft Auto: London, 1969 is not currently available for digital download through any of t and it was not a title that was released as registered freeware by Rockstar games so it can be harder to come by than the other games in the series. It was included in the Grand Theft Auto Classics Collection pack released in 2004, but that has since gone out of print. The best bet for finding a copy for the PC or even PlayStation is through Ebay or Amazon

expansion. Unlike the previous GTA London ’69 game, however, GTA London ’61 was only available for the PC and requires both GTA1 and GTA London ’69 in order to install and play.

Like both of its predecessors, it was developed with the same game engine with the identical top-down two-dimensional graphics and game mechanics. As the title indicates the story for this expansion is a prequel to the first GTA London game set eight years prior to the events of that game. Grand Theft Auto London 1961 includes approximately six missions, 22 new vehicles, new cut scene and a deathmatch multiplayer map. This title remains one of the lesser known titles in the Grand Theft Auto series as it primarily relied on fans word of mouth and online forums posts rather than traditional marketing for its release. While the overall gameplay and graphics remain unchanged GTA London 1961 did introduce a number of new features and power-ups to the series including the first Drive-By Shooting, the Armor Shop, and power up to increase car speed. The multiplayer component of GTA London ’61 also expanded the multiplayer gameplay beyond was was available in Grand Theft Auto 1.

Grand Theft Auto: London, 1961 is still available for free download

 

districts or sectors each of which contains three organized crime gangs that can hire players to perform missions. There are a total of seven organized crime gangs, one of which is present in all three districts and then two of the remaining six gangs are found in each district.

Missions in Grand Theft Auto 2 use the same format used in Grand Theft Auto, players will receive phone calls on public pay phones from crime bosses who want them to perform certain jobs. Grand Theft Auto 2 expands upon a number of gameplay aspects of the original, one is the aspect of multiple crime gangs. Players have the ability to perform missions for different gangs which can cause a certain level of distrust from the competing gangs of the sector a mission may take place in. Another new feature to GTA 2 is the types of law enforcement that can pursue the main character. The original game only had local police, but in addition to local police GTA also features SWAT teams, special agents, and even the army. These more advanced types of law enforcement begin to pursue players as they attain higher levels and proceed to through the three districts of the city. Grand Theft Auto 2 also features four multiplayer game modes, Deathmatch, Race, Tag and Team Deathmatch.

The PC version of Grand Theft Auto 2 allows for single player gameplay to be played in two different modes simply know as noon or dusk. Noon was set during daytime and used lower graphics settings while dusk was set during the early evening where more advanced graphics were required to account for various light sources and shadows. In addition to the PC, the game was also released for the Sega Dreamcast and

and the Game Boy Color handheld system. The game was released as registered freeware from Rockstar Games but like Grand Theft Auto 1, it is currently not offered for download from Rockstar. Third party sites however still do host the game and make it available for free download.

 

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